Abstract

We introduce a novel light-scattering technique for investigating the dynamics of random media with a broad range of optical densities. By use of the spatial coherence properties of a single-mode optical fiber and the temporal coherence of a broadband source, the measurement volume is isolated at the end of the optical waveguide. Optical mixing between the fluctuating scattered light and the Fresnel-reflected field at the fiber–medium interface is analyzed directly in the frequency domain. The unique characteristics of this new technique are discussed in the context of simultaneous measurement of average scatterer size and concentration in dense colloidal suspensions.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. J. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering with Applications to Chemistry, Biology, and Physics (Wiley, New York, 1976).
  2. G. Maret and P. E. Wolf, Z. Phys. B 65, 409 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Opt. Lett. 24, 442 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Popescu, C. Mujat, and A. Dogariu, Phys. Rev. E 61, 4523 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. Flammer and J. Ricka, Appl. Opt. 36, 7508 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Bellini, M. A. Glaser, and N. A. Clark, Phys. Rev. A 44, 5215 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. K. Bizheva, A. M. Siegel, and D. A. Boas, Phys. Rev. E 58, 7664 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. F. Clapper, J. S. Collura, D. Harrison, and M. R. Fisch, Phys. Rev. E 59, 3631 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. Popescu, C. Mujat, and A. Dogariu, Phys. Rev. E 61, 4523 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. F. Clapper, J. S. Collura, D. Harrison, and M. R. Fisch, Phys. Rev. E 59, 3631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Opt. Lett. 24, 442 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. K. Bizheva, A. M. Siegel, and D. A. Boas, Phys. Rev. E 58, 7664 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1991 (1)

T. Bellini, M. A. Glaser, and N. A. Clark, Phys. Rev. A 44, 5215 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

G. Maret and P. E. Wolf, Z. Phys. B 65, 409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bellini, T.

T. Bellini, M. A. Glaser, and N. A. Clark, Phys. Rev. A 44, 5215 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berne, B. J.

B. J. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering with Applications to Chemistry, Biology, and Physics (Wiley, New York, 1976).

Bizheva, K. K.

K. K. Bizheva, A. M. Siegel, and D. A. Boas, Phys. Rev. E 58, 7664 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boas, D. A.

K. K. Bizheva, A. M. Siegel, and D. A. Boas, Phys. Rev. E 58, 7664 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chaikin, P. M.

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clapper, M. F.

M. F. Clapper, J. S. Collura, D. Harrison, and M. R. Fisch, Phys. Rev. E 59, 3631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clark, N. A.

T. Bellini, M. A. Glaser, and N. A. Clark, Phys. Rev. A 44, 5215 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Collura, J. S.

M. F. Clapper, J. S. Collura, D. Harrison, and M. R. Fisch, Phys. Rev. E 59, 3631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

G. Popescu, C. Mujat, and A. Dogariu, Phys. Rev. E 61, 4523 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Opt. Lett. 24, 442 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fisch, M. R.

M. F. Clapper, J. S. Collura, D. Harrison, and M. R. Fisch, Phys. Rev. E 59, 3631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Flammer, I.

Glaser, M. A.

T. Bellini, M. A. Glaser, and N. A. Clark, Phys. Rev. A 44, 5215 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harrison, D.

M. F. Clapper, J. S. Collura, D. Harrison, and M. R. Fisch, Phys. Rev. E 59, 3631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herbolzheimer, E.

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maret, G.

G. Maret and P. E. Wolf, Z. Phys. B 65, 409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mujat, C.

G. Popescu, C. Mujat, and A. Dogariu, Phys. Rev. E 61, 4523 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pecora, R.

B. J. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering with Applications to Chemistry, Biology, and Physics (Wiley, New York, 1976).

Pine, D. J.

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popescu, G.

G. Popescu, C. Mujat, and A. Dogariu, Phys. Rev. E 61, 4523 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Popescu and A. Dogariu, Opt. Lett. 24, 442 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ricka, J.

Siegel, A. M.

K. K. Bizheva, A. M. Siegel, and D. A. Boas, Phys. Rev. E 58, 7664 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, D. A.

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, P. E.

G. Maret and P. E. Wolf, Z. Phys. B 65, 409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. Bellini, M. A. Glaser, and N. A. Clark, Phys. Rev. A 44, 5215 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

K. K. Bizheva, A. M. Siegel, and D. A. Boas, Phys. Rev. E 58, 7664 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Clapper, J. S. Collura, D. Harrison, and M. R. Fisch, Phys. Rev. E 59, 3631 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Popescu, C. Mujat, and A. Dogariu, Phys. Rev. E 61, 4523 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Phys. B (1)

G. Maret and P. E. Wolf, Z. Phys. B 65, 409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. J. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering with Applications to Chemistry, Biology, and Physics (Wiley, New York, 1976).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Coherence volume (CV) determined by the single-mode fiber and the properties of the broadband radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power-spectrum (a) linewidth and (b) amplitude as a function of volume fraction for colloidal suspensions of different particle sizes, as indicated. The inset of (b) shows curves A0ρ collapsing into a unique dependence after normalization with Qb/d.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G2τ=I02+2I0Is+Is2+I0jIjgjτ+gjτ*×exp-2sj-s02/lc2+klIkIlgkτglτ*×exp-2sk-sl2/lc2.
g2τ=1+2I0IsCVI0+IsCV2gτ1.
Pω=A0Ω11+ω/Ω2,

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