Abstract

Self-induced pulsations that are associated with atomic interference have been found in a laser-diode-pumped LiNdP4O12 microchip laser with an intracavity KTP frequency-doubling crystal operating in a Λ scheme. The instability and peculiar pulsations that were observed have been verified by a linear stability analysis and numerical simulation of two-mode laser equations, including nonlinear absorptions of a purely quantum nature and spontaneous-emission noise.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. O. Kocharovskaya, Phys. Rep. 219, 175 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. Kocharovskaya and Ya. I. Khanin, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 48, 581 (1988) JETP Lett. 48, 630 (1988).
  3. S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1033 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. O. Scully, S.-Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrilides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Kozyreff and P. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 61, 033813 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Otsuka, E. A. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, Europhys. Lett. 45, 307 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Baer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1175 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. de Mars, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Saruwatari, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, T. Yamada, and T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 836 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, and E. A. Viktorov, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3226 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. Kozyreff and P. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 61, 033813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Otsuka, E. A. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, Europhys. Lett. 45, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, and E. A. Viktorov, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

O. Kocharovskaya, Phys. Rep. 219, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1033 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. O. Scully, S.-Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrilides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

O. Kocharovskaya and Ya. I. Khanin, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 48, 581 (1988) JETP Lett. 48, 630 (1988).

1986 (1)

1977 (1)

M. Saruwatari, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, T. Yamada, and T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 836 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. de Mars, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Baer, T.

de Mars, G.

C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. de Mars, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Gavrilides, A.

M. O. Scully, S.-Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrilides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1033 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khanin, Ya. I.

O. Kocharovskaya and Ya. I. Khanin, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 48, 581 (1988) JETP Lett. 48, 630 (1988).

Kimura, T.

M. Saruwatari, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, T. Yamada, and T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 836 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kocharovskaya, O.

O. Kocharovskaya, Phys. Rep. 219, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

O. Kocharovskaya and Ya. I. Khanin, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 48, 581 (1988) JETP Lett. 48, 630 (1988).

Kozyreff, G.

G. Kozyreff and P. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 61, 033813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, P.

G. Kozyreff and P. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 61, 033813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, E. A. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, Europhys. Lett. 45, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, and E. A. Viktorov, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, S.

M. Saruwatari, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, T. Yamada, and T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 836 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

K. Otsuka, E. A. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, Europhys. Lett. 45, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, and E. A. Viktorov, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Saruwatari, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, T. Yamada, and T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 836 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

M. Saruwatari, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, T. Yamada, and T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 836 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

M. O. Scully, S.-Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrilides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Statz, H.

C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. de Mars, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. de Mars, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Viktorov, E. A.

K. Otsuka, E. A. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, Europhys. Lett. 45, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, and E. A. Viktorov, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, T.

M. Saruwatari, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, T. Yamada, and T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 836 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S.-Y.

M. O. Scully, S.-Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrilides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

K. Otsuka, E. A. Viktorov, and P. Mandel, Europhys. Lett. 45, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Saruwatari, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, T. Yamada, and T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 836 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. de Mars, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

O. Kocharovskaya, Phys. Rep. 219, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

K. Otsuka, P. Mandel, and E. A. Viktorov, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3226 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Kozyreff and P. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 61, 033813 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1033 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. O. Scully, S.-Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrilides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. (1)

O. Kocharovskaya and Ya. I. Khanin, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 48, 581 (1988) JETP Lett. 48, 630 (1988).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Modal output waveforms and power spectra of a LNP–KTP red laser operating in a Λ scheme at different pump powers: (a) 658.5-nm output at w=1.2; (b) power spectrum for (a); (c) 658.5-nm output at w=1.35; (d) power spectrum for (c); (e) 666-nm output at w=1.35; (f) power spectrum for (e). Modal output waveforms were not measured simultaneously. For waveforms, the vertical scale is 50  mV/division and the horizontal scale is 10 μs/division.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Stationary solutions as a function of the relative pump power. Unstable solutions are indicated by dotted curves. The adopted parameter values are given in the text. (b) Stability diagram.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical examples of output waveforms and power spectra. (a), (b) First lasing mode; (c), (d) second lasing mode. w=1.5, β=5×10-7. Parameter values are the same as in Fig.  2(a). PSD, power spectral density.

Equations (5)

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dn0/dt=w-1+s1+gs2n0+1/2n1s1+gn2s2,
dn1/dt=-1+s1+gs2n1+n0s1,
dn2/dt=-1+s1+gs2n2+n0gs2,
ds1/dt=K(-1-ϵ1s1+n0-n1/2-Rs2/K×n0-n1/2-n2/2s1+βn0ξ1),
ds2/dt=K(-α-ϵ2s2+gn0-n2/2-Rs1/K×n0-n1/2-n2/2s2+βn0ξ2).

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