Abstract

We demonstrate a simple and practical single-stage ultrafast laser amplifier system that operates at a repetition frequency from 1 to 10  kHz, with millijoule pulse energy and as much as 13  W of average power. The repetition rate can be adjusted continuously from 1 to 10  kHz by new all-solid-state pump laser technology. This is to our knowledge the highest average power ever obtained from a single-stage ultrafast laser amplifier system. This laser will significantly increase the average power and the repetition rate that is easily accessible for high-field experiments such as coherent x-ray generation or for laser-synchrotron studies.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2000 (6)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, Appl. Phys. B 70, S165 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Lindner, C. LeBlanc, G. Cheriaux, and J. Chambaret, Appl. Phys. B 70, 193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Parson-Karavassilis, R. Jones, M. Cole, P. French, and J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 175, 389 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Zeek, R. Bartels, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, S. Backus, and G. Vdovin, Opt. Lett. 25, 587 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

C. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, X. Wang, and X. Hou, Sci. China Ser. A 41, 107 (1998).

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, C. L. Blanc, J. Squier, and C. Barty, Opt. Lett. 23, 718 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

1995 (2)

1994 (3)

1993 (3)

Agostini, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Asaki, M.

Backus, S.

E. Zeek, R. Bartels, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, S. Backus, and G. Vdovin, Opt. Lett. 25, 587 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 22, 1256 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. Huang, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bagnoud, V.

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, Appl. Phys. B 70, S165 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zeek, R. Bartels, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, S. Backus, and G. Vdovin, Opt. Lett. 25, 587 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C.

Blanc, C. L.

Bouvier, M.

Breger, P.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Lindner, C. LeBlanc, G. Cheriaux, and J. Chambaret, Appl. Phys. B 70, 193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

C. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, G.

S. Zhao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, X. Wang, and X. Hou, Sci. China Ser. A 41, 107 (1998).

Cheriaux, G.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Lindner, C. LeBlanc, G. Cheriaux, and J. Chambaret, Appl. Phys. B 70, 193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cole, M.

D. Parson-Karavassilis, R. Jones, M. Cole, P. French, and J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 175, 389 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

DeFranzo, A.

DeLong, K. W.

Dorrer, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C.

C. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 22, 1256 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleming, G.

French, P.

D. Parson-Karavassilis, R. Jones, M. Cole, P. French, and J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 175, 389 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fujikawa, S.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Garvey, D.

Garzella, D.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herne, C.

C. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hochstrasser, R.

Hou, X.

S. Zhao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, X. Wang, and X. Hou, Sci. China Ser. A 41, 107 (1998).

Huang, C.

Hunter, J.

Jia, Y.

Jones, R.

D. Parson-Karavassilis, R. Jones, M. Cole, P. French, and J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 175, 389 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Joo, T.

Kapteyn, H.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zeek, R. Bartels, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, S. Backus, and G. Vdovin, Opt. Lett. 25, 587 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 22, 1256 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. Huang, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Asaki, C. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

S. Takeuchi and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Commun. 109, 518 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1996), p. 402, Eq.  (7.29).

Kojima, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Konno, S.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Le Blanc, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

LeBlanc, C.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Lindner, C. LeBlanc, G. Cheriaux, and J. Chambaret, Appl. Phys. B 70, 193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lindner, F.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Lindner, C. LeBlanc, G. Cheriaux, and J. Chambaret, Appl. Phys. B 70, 193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mevel, E.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Misoguti, L.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zeek, R. Bartels, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, S. Backus, and G. Vdovin, Opt. Lett. 25, 587 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 22, 1256 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. Huang, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Asaki, C. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Parson-Karavassilis, D.

D. Parson-Karavassilis, R. Jones, M. Cole, P. French, and J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 175, 389 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pazol, B.

Peatross, J.

Raksi, F.

Reid, G. D.

Rose-Petruck, C.

Rundquist, A.

C. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, Appl. Phys. B 70, S165 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, C. L. Blanc, J. Squier, and C. Barty, Opt. Lett. 23, 718 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sekikawa, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Stuart, B.

B. Stuart, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif.    94550 (personal communication, 2000).

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, S.

S. Takeuchi and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Commun. 109, 518 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J.

D. Parson-Karavassilis, R. Jones, M. Cole, P. French, and J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 175, 389 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tian, A.

Togashi, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Vaillancourt, G.

Vdovin, G.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zeek, R. Bartels, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, S. Backus, and G. Vdovin, Opt. Lett. 25, 587 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

S. Zhao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, X. Wang, and X. Hou, Sci. China Ser. A 41, 107 (1998).

Wang, Y.

S. Zhao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, X. Wang, and X. Hou, Sci. China Ser. A 41, 107 (1998).

Watanabe, S.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

White, W. E.

Wilson, K.

Wynne, K.

Yakovlev, V.

Yamakawa, K.

Yasui, K.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Lindner, C. LeBlanc, G. Cheriaux, and J. Chambaret, Appl. Phys. B 70, 193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zeek, R. Bartels, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, S. Backus, and G. Vdovin, Opt. Lett. 25, 587 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

S. Zhao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, X. Wang, and X. Hou, Sci. China Ser. A 41, 107 (1998).

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, Appl. Phys. B 70, S165 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Lindner, C. LeBlanc, G. Cheriaux, and J. Chambaret, Appl. Phys. B 70, 193 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, Appl. Phys. B 70, 171 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

C. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

D. Parson-Karavassilis, R. Jones, M. Cole, P. French, and J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 175, 389 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Commun. 109, 518 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (9)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sci. China Ser. A (1)

S. Zhao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, X. Wang, and X. Hou, Sci. China Ser. A 41, 107 (1998).

Science (1)

A. Rundquist, C. Durfee, S. Backus, C. Herne, Z. Chang, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1996), p. 402, Eq.  (7.29).

B. Stuart, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif.    94550 (personal communication, 2000).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a high-repetition-rate high-average-power ultrafast Ti:sapphire laser system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Thermal lens power as a function of pump power for a pump spot diameter of 600 μm and a single-pass gain of 9. This setup amplifies nanojoule-level seed pulses to millijoule energies. (b) Output performance of the cryogenically cooled Ti:sapphire amplifier system. Left axis, upper curve, total output power; right axis, lower curve, the total pump-to-output conversion efficiency.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Second-harmonic frequency-resolved optical gating trace of the laser output, demonstrating a pulse duration of 24  fs.

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