Abstract

By comparing the results of polarization-dependent, time-resolved intensity profiles of photons transmitted through diluted milk, chicken breast tissue, and chopped chicken breast tissue, we found that the inherent anisotropic optical property of skeletal muscle tissue resulted in coherent coupling between two mutually perpendicular polarization directions. This coupling process led to difficulty in using the conventional polarization gating method for imaging unless the anisotropy characteristics were well understood. However, imaging based on polarization gating in diluted milk and chopped chicken breast tissue, which had an isotropic random-scattering nature, was quite effective.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

Alfano, R. R.

Banks, M.

G. W. Faris and M. Banks, in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, Vol. 21 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 139.

Cho, Y.

Das, B. B.

Demos, S. G.

Everett, M. J.

Faris, G. W.

G. W. Faris and M. Banks, in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, Vol. 21 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 139.

Hashimoto, K.

Ho, P. P.

Horinaka, H.

Lin, S. P.

Luciano, D. S.

A. J. Vander, J. H. Sherman, and D. S. Luciano, Human Physiology: The Mechanisms of Body Function, 6th ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1994), p. 304.

Maitland, D. J.

Marquez, G.

Osawa, M.

Sankaran, V.

Schwartz, J. A.

Sherman, J. H.

A. J. Vander, J. H. Sherman, and D. S. Luciano, Human Physiology: The Mechanisms of Body Function, 6th ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1994), p. 304.

Thomsen, S. L.

Vander, A. J.

A. J. Vander, J. H. Sherman, and D. S. Luciano, Human Physiology: The Mechanisms of Body Function, 6th ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1994), p. 304.

Wada, K.

Walsh, J. T.

Wang, L. M.

Wang, L. V.

Yoo, K. M.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: BP’s, beam splitters; P’s, polarizers; M’s, mirrors; D, detector; 2D, two-dimensional.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized and synchronized intensity profiles of cases 1, 2, and 3, corresponding to samples of diluted milk, chicken breast tissue, and chopped chicken breast tissue. Ipx and Icx represent the intensities of the copolarized and cross-polarized components, respectively, for case x x=1,2,3.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time-gated images of two pieces of lean pork in diluted milk with (a) Ip and (b) Ip-Ic.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time-gated images of a chicken bone in chicken breast tissue with (a) Ip and (b) Ip-Ic.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Time-gated images of a chicken bone in chopped chicken breast tissue with (a) Ip and (b) Ip-Ic.

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