Abstract

We report a soliton self-frequency shift of more than 20% of the optical frequency in a tapered air–silica microstructure fiber that exhibits a widely flattened large anomalous dispersion in the near infrared. Remarkably, the large frequency shift was realized in a fiber of length as short as 15  cm, 2 orders of magnitude shorter than those reported previously with similar input pulse duration and pulse energies, owing to the small mode size and the large and uniform dispersion in the tapered fiber. By varying the power of the input pulses, we generated compressed sub-100-fs soliton pulses of 1nJ pulse energy tunable from 1.3 to 1.65 μm with greater than 60% conversion efficiency.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).
  2. F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 11, 659 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 11, 662 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).
  5. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 325 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Webber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 305 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. J. Eggleton, P. S. Westbrook, C. A. White, C. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and G. Burdge, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1084 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optics Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), postdeadline paper CPD-30.
  14. J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J. J. Miret, and P. Andres, Opt. Lett. 25, 790 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air–silica microstructured optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published ).
  17. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 796 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. V. Mamyshev and S. V. Chernikov, Opt. Lett. 15, 1076 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (5)

1999 (3)

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 325 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Webber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

1985 (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).

1974 (1)

P. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Andres, P.

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Astle, H. W.

P. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Barkou, S. E.

J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beaud, P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Webber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optics Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Bjarklev, A.

J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Burdge, G.

Chandalia, J. K.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air–silica microstructured optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published ).

Chernikov, S. V.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, P. S. Westbrook, C. A. White, C. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and G. Burdge, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1084 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air–silica microstructured optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published ).

Fermann, M. E.

Ferrando, A.

Fomichev, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).

Galvanauskas, A.

Goldberg, L.

Gordon, J. P.

Goto, T.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 325 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D.

Hodel, W.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Webber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, P.

P. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Karasik, A. Ya.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).

Kerbage, C.

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosinski, S. G.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air–silica microstructured optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published ).

Liu, X.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air–silica microstructured optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published ).

Mamyshev, P. V.

P. V. Mamyshev and S. V. Chernikov, Opt. Lett. 15, 1076 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).

Miret, J. J.

Mitschke, F. M.

Mogilevstev, D.

J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Nishizawa, N.

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 325 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).

Ranka, J. K.

Russell, P. St. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optics Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Serkin, V. N.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).

Silvestre, E.

Stel’makh, M. F.

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).

Stentz, A. J.

Stock, M. L.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optics Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), postdeadline paper CPD-30.

Webber, H. P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Webber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

White, C. A.

Windeler, R. S.

B. J. Eggleton, P. S. Westbrook, C. A. White, C. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and G. Burdge, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1084 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 796 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air–silica microstructured optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published ).

Wong, K. K.

Xu, C.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air–silica microstructured optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published ).

Zysset, B.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Webber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

P. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Webber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 325 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

JETP Lett. (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. Ya. Karasik, P. V. Mamyshev, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, M. F. Stel’makh, and A. A. Fomichev, JETP Lett. 41, 294 (1985).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Other (3)

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optics Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), postdeadline paper CPD-30.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air–silica microstructured optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published ).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated dispersion of TASMF with a core–cladding index difference of 0.3 and core diameters of 2 μm (solid curve) and 3 μm (dashed curve). Inset, structure of the tapered microstructure fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Pulse spectrum and (b) autocorrelation trace of a typical self-frequency-shifted soliton at 1.5 μm. Inset, intensity autocorrelation of the input pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Simulated pulse-spectrum propagation in a 15-cm TASMF. (b) Input (dashed curve) and output (solid curve) spectra. Simulation parameters: LNL=0.6 cm, LD=20 cm, LD=25 m, and TR=3 fs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured dependence of the SSFS on input power.

Metrics