Abstract

A novel all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium laser with a Co2+:ZnSe crystal as a saturable absorber is demonstrated experimentally. A pump power threshold of 20.5  mW, which the authors believe is the lowest to date, has been measured. Giant pulses with energy of 3.6  nJ and peak power of 0.7  mW have been obtained.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Chandonet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salsedo, Electron. Lett. 30, 702 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1117 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu, and T. Midavaine, Electron. Lett. 33, 1317 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. J. Chen, A. B. Grudinin, J. Porta, and J. D. Minelly, Opt. Lett. 23, 454 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. L. Offerhaus, N. G. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, Opt. Lett. 23, 1683 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. V. Chernikov, Y. Zhu, J. R. Taylor, and V. P. Gapontsev, Opt. Lett. 22, 298 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, S. H. Feng, D. J. Mirell, and R. K. Jain, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 417.
  11. R. Paschotta, R. Haring, E. Gini, H. Melchior, U. Keller, H. L. Offerhaus, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 24, 388 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. I. Levchenko, and V. N. Yakimovich, Opt. Lett. 24, 960 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 249.

1999 (4)

1998 (2)

1997 (3)

S. V. Chernikov, Y. Zhu, J. R. Taylor, and V. P. Gapontsev, Opt. Lett. 22, 298 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu, and T. Midavaine, Electron. Lett. 33, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salsedo, Electron. Lett. 30, 702 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

A. Chandonet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G.

Caplen, J.

Chandonet, A.

A. Chandonet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. J.

Chernikov, S. V.

Dhanjal, S.

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

H. L. Offerhaus, N. G. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, Opt. Lett. 23, 1683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feng, S. H.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, S. H. Feng, D. J. Mirell, and R. K. Jain, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 417.

Gapontsev, V. P.

Gini, E.

Grudinin, A. B.

Haring, R.

Jain, R. K.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, S. H. Feng, D. J. Mirell, and R. K. Jain, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 417.

Keller, U.

Kuleshov, N. V.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. I. Levchenko, and V. N. Yakimovich, Opt. Lett. 24, 960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 249.

Larose, G.

A. Chandonet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lees, G. P.

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Levchenko, V. I.

Libatique, N. J. C.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, S. H. Feng, D. J. Mirell, and R. K. Jain, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 417.

Melchior, H.

Midavaine, T.

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu, and T. Midavaine, Electron. Lett. 33, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. I. Levchenko, and V. N. Yakimovich, Opt. Lett. 24, 960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 249.

Minelly, J. D.

Mirell, D. J.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, S. H. Feng, D. J. Mirell, and R. K. Jain, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 417.

Mouneu, L.

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu, and T. Midavaine, Electron. Lett. 33, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Offerhaus, H. L.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salsedo, Electron. Lett. 30, 702 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pagnoux, D.

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu, and T. Midavaine, Electron. Lett. 33, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Petropoulos, P.

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A. V.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. I. Levchenko, and V. N. Yakimovich, Opt. Lett. 24, 960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 249.

Porta, J.

Richardson, D. J.

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, R. Haring, E. Gini, H. Melchior, U. Keller, H. L. Offerhaus, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 24, 388 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Offerhaus, N. G. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, Opt. Lett. 23, 1683 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roy, P.

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu, and T. Midavaine, Electron. Lett. 33, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Salsedo, J. R.

O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salsedo, Electron. Lett. 30, 702 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sammut, R.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. I. Levchenko, and V. N. Yakimovich, Opt. Lett. 24, 960 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 249.

Sousa, J. M.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tafoya, J. D.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, S. H. Feng, D. J. Mirell, and R. K. Jain, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 417.

Taverner, D.

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Yakimovich, V. N.

Zheludev, N. I.

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, S. Dhanjal, and N. I. Zheludev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3619 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salsedo, Electron. Lett. 30, 702 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Lees, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, and T. P. Newson, Electron. Lett. 33, 393 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Roy, D. Pagnoux, L. Mouneu, and T. Midavaine, Electron. Lett. 33, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Chandonet and G. Larose, Opt. Eng. 32, 2031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (2)

N. J. C. Libatique, J. D. Tafoya, S. H. Feng, D. J. Mirell, and R. K. Jain, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 417.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, and N. V. Kuleshov, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, J. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 249.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the passively Q-switched fiber laser: WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; FBG’s, fiber Bragg gratings.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectrum of the laser. The resolution is Δλ=0.1 nm, and the pump power is 71.1  mW.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical output pulse train and pulse shape. The pump power is 48.53  mW.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse repetition rate (squares) and average output power (crosses) as functions of pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulse energy versus pump power.

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