Abstract

We demonstrate a new technique for femtosecond-pulse generation that employs ultrafast modulation of a laser field phase by impulsively excited molecular rotational or vibrational motion with subsequent temporal compression. An ultrashort pump pulse at 800  nm performs impulsive excitation of a molecular gas in a hollow waveguide, and a weak delayed probe pulse at 400  nm is scattered on the temporal oscillations of its dielectric index. The resultant sinusoidal phase modulation of the probe pulse permits probe pulse temporal compression by use of both positively and negatively dispersive elements. The potential of this new method is demonstrated by the generation of a periodic train of 5.8-fs pulses at 400  nm with positive group-delay dispersion compensation.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. De Silvestri, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, E. B. Gamble, L. Williams, and K. Nelson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Ruhman, A. Joly, and K. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. O. Dühr, E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Korn, G. Tempea, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 24, 34 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Weber, ed., Raman Spectroscopy of Liquids and Gases (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

1998 (1)

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Morgen, W. Price, L. Hunziker, P. Ludowise, M. Blackwell, and Y. Chen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 209, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

S. Ruhman, A. Joly, and K. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. De Silvestri, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, E. B. Gamble, L. Williams, and K. Nelson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Blackwell, M.

M. Morgen, W. Price, L. Hunziker, P. Ludowise, M. Blackwell, and Y. Chen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 209, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

M. Morgen, W. Price, L. Hunziker, P. Ludowise, M. Blackwell, and Y. Chen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 209, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. De Silvestri, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, E. B. Gamble, L. Williams, and K. Nelson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dühr, O.

Durfee, C. G.

Elsaesser, T.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Esarey, E.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferencz, K.

Fujimoto, J. G.

S. De Silvestri, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, E. B. Gamble, L. Williams, and K. Nelson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gamble, E. B.

S. De Silvestri, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, E. B. Gamble, L. Williams, and K. Nelson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hirakawa, Y.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hunziker, L.

M. Morgen, W. Price, L. Hunziker, P. Ludowise, M. Blackwell, and Y. Chen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 209, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Imasaka, T.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

S. De Silvestri, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, E. B. Gamble, L. Williams, and K. Nelson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Joly, A.

S. Ruhman, A. Joly, and K. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kawano, H.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Dühr, E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Korn, G. Tempea, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 24, 34 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Ludowise, P.

M. Morgen, W. Price, L. Hunziker, P. Ludowise, M. Blackwell, and Y. Chen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 209, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morgen, M.

M. Morgen, W. Price, L. Hunziker, P. Ludowise, M. Blackwell, and Y. Chen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 209, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Nazarkin, A.

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K.

S. Ruhman, A. Joly, and K. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. De Silvestri, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, E. B. Gamble, L. Williams, and K. Nelson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Nisoli, M.

Price, W.

M. Morgen, W. Price, L. Hunziker, P. Ludowise, M. Blackwell, and Y. Chen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 209, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ruhman, S.

S. Ruhman, A. Joly, and K. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

Spielmann, C.

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

Tempea, G.

Umstadter, D.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, L.

S. De Silvestri, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, E. B. Gamble, L. Williams, and K. Nelson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, M.

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wynands, R.

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, S.

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. De Silvestri, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, E. B. Gamble, L. Williams, and K. Nelson, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. Morgen, W. Price, L. Hunziker, P. Ludowise, M. Blackwell, and Y. Chen, Chem. Phys. Lett. 209, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Ruhman, A. Joly, and K. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 260 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukai, R. Wynands, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 95, 71 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Weber, ed., Raman Spectroscopy of Liquids and Gases (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: BS, beam splitter; BBO, type I single-harmonic generated crystal; T, telescope for mode matching of the second-harmonic pulse into the hollow waveguide; DC, dichroic mirror with high transmission for the fundamental and high reflection for the second-harmonic pulses. SD, self-diffraction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Raman-active medium: SF6, p=260 Torr. (a) Spectral and (b) temporal profile of the probe pulse measured without (dashed curve) and with (solid line) impulsive pumping.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Raman-active medium: H2, p=560 Torr. (a) Spectral and (b) temporal profiles of the probe pulse measured without (dashed curves) and with (solid curves) impulsive medium pumping. Solid arrow, one Stokes line of ortho-H2; dashed arrow, one Stokes line of para-H2.

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