Abstract

We report a polarization-maintaining double-clad Yb-doped fiber amplifier employing bow-tie fiber. Borosili-cate stress elements were incorporated into the inner cladding of the fiber, yielding a beat length of 5.1  mm at 633  nm. When the fiber was pumped at 975  nm and seeded with linearly polarized light, the polarization extinction ratio was >15 dB, independent of pump power, and the output power was as high as 3.5  W.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. P. Koplow, L. Goldberg, R. P. Moeller, and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 25, 387 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  3. K. Tajima, Electron. Lett. 26, 1498 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.
  5. L. Zenteno, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  6. V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, M. Vyatkin, M. Meleshkevitch, D. Spinov, and I. Zaitsev, Proc. SPIE 3615, 264 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. I. N. Duling and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1126 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Nilsson and B. Jaskorzynska, Opt. Lett. 18, 2099 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, Opt. Lett. 22, 378 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  10. R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, and M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and R. D. Birch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 332 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. L. Chu and R. A. Sammut, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 650 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 25, 442 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. W. Sasnett and T. F. Johnston, Proc. SPIE 1414, 21 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  16. L. Goldberg, J. P. Koplow, and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 24, 673 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 136, 375 (1997).
    [Crossref]

2000 (2)

1999 (2)

L. Goldberg, J. P. Koplow, and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 24, 673 (1999).
[Crossref]

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, M. Vyatkin, M. Meleshkevitch, D. Spinov, and I. Zaitsev, Proc. SPIE 3615, 264 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 136, 375 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

J. Nilsson and B. Jaskorzynska, Opt. Lett. 18, 2099 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Zenteno, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

I. N. Duling and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1126 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

M. W. Sasnett and T. F. Johnston, Proc. SPIE 1414, 21 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

K. Tajima, Electron. Lett. 26, 1498 (1990).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

P. L. Chu and R. A. Sammut, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 650 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and R. D. Birch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 332 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, and M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

Archambault, J. L.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
[Crossref]

Barber, P. R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 136, 375 (1997).
[Crossref]

Barlow, A. J.

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and R. D. Birch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 332 (1983).
[Crossref]

Birch, R. D.

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and R. D. Birch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 332 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, and M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[Crossref]

Caplen, J. E.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 136, 375 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, Opt. Lett. 22, 378 (1977).
[Crossref]

Chu, P. L.

P. L. Chu and R. A. Sammut, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 650 (1984).
[Crossref]

Dong, L.

Duling, I. N.

I. N. Duling and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1126 (1992).
[Crossref]

Esman, R. D.

I. N. Duling and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1126 (1992).
[Crossref]

Gapontsev, V. P.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, M. Vyatkin, M. Meleshkevitch, D. Spinov, and I. Zaitsev, Proc. SPIE 3615, 264 (1999).
[Crossref]

Goldberg, L.

Hakimi, F.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 136, 375 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
[Crossref]

Jaskorzynska, B.

Johnston, T. F.

M. W. Sasnett and T. F. Johnston, Proc. SPIE 1414, 21 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kliner, D. A. V.

Koplow, J. P.

McCollum, B. C.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Meleshkevitch, M.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, M. Vyatkin, M. Meleshkevitch, D. Spinov, and I. Zaitsev, Proc. SPIE 3615, 264 (1999).
[Crossref]

Moeller, R. P.

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 136, 375 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Nilsson and B. Jaskorzynska, Opt. Lett. 18, 2099 (1993).
[Crossref]

Noda, J.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, K.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 136, 375 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and R. D. Birch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 332 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, and M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[Crossref]

Penty, R. V.

Platonov, N. S.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, M. Vyatkin, M. Meleshkevitch, D. Spinov, and I. Zaitsev, Proc. SPIE 3615, 264 (1999).
[Crossref]

Po, H.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Reekie, L.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Sammut, R. A.

P. L. Chu and R. A. Sammut, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 650 (1984).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, Y.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[Crossref]

Sasnett, M. W.

M. W. Sasnett and T. F. Johnston, Proc. SPIE 1414, 21 (1991).
[Crossref]

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Spinov, D.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, M. Vyatkin, M. Meleshkevitch, D. Spinov, and I. Zaitsev, Proc. SPIE 3615, 264 (1999).
[Crossref]

St. J. Russell, P.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tajima, K.

K. Tajima, Electron. Lett. 26, 1498 (1990).
[Crossref]

Taverner, D.

Townsend, J. E.

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 136, 375 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tumminelli, R.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Varnham, M. P.

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and R. D. Birch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 332 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, and M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[Crossref]

Vyatkin, M.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, M. Vyatkin, M. Meleshkevitch, D. Spinov, and I. Zaitsev, Proc. SPIE 3615, 264 (1999).
[Crossref]

Williams, K.

Zaitsev, I.

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, M. Vyatkin, M. Meleshkevitch, D. Spinov, and I. Zaitsev, Proc. SPIE 3615, 264 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zenteno, L.

L. Zenteno, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435 (1993).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (4)

K. Tajima, Electron. Lett. 26, 1498 (1990).
[Crossref]

I. N. Duling and R. D. Esman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1126 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, and M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[Crossref]

H. M. Pask, J. L. Archambault, D. C. Hanna, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, Electron. Lett. 30, 863 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, A. J. Barlow, and R. D. Birch, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 332 (1983).
[Crossref]

P. L. Chu and R. A. Sammut, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 650 (1984).
[Crossref]

L. Zenteno, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1071 (1986).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 136, 375 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (2)

V. P. Gapontsev, N. S. Platonov, M. Vyatkin, M. Meleshkevitch, D. Spinov, and I. Zaitsev, Proc. SPIE 3615, 264 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. W. Sasnett and T. F. Johnston, Proc. SPIE 1414, 21 (1991).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Refractive-index profile measured along the slow axis for a sample of the fiber that was drawn with an inner-cladding diameter of 100 μm. A photograph of the fiber used in the present experiment (150μm inner-cladding diameter) is shown as an inset; the dashed line indicates the axis along which the refractive-index profile was recorded.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurement of the beat length of the 9.5-m-long fiber amplifier (see text).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Saturated output power (bottom) and polarization extinction ratio (top) of the amplifier as a function of Ppump. The line is a least-squares fit for Ppump>4 W and corresponds to a slope efficiency of 64% (after correcting for the 2.8% loss on the dichroic beam splitter) and a threshold of 2.0  W. The representative error bar includes long-term drift in the polarization extinction ratio. Inset: power transmitted through the output polarizer as a function of polarizer angle at Ppump=5.7 WPout=2.3 W. The curve is a least-squares fit of the data to the function sin2θ+C, where θ is the polarizer angle and C is a constant; the corresponding polarization extinction ratio is 19.0  dB.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Small-signal gain of the amplifier as a function of wavelength at Ppump=2.7 W. The measurements have been corrected for the wavelength-dependent absorption of the seed light in the core, which causes the uncertainty to be larger at the shorter wavelengths. The experimental setup is also shown (DBS, dichroic beam splitter; arrows, propagation direction of free-space beams).

Metrics