Abstract

We have tuned the whispering-gallery modes of a fused-silica microresonator over nearly 1  nm at 800  nm, i.e., over half a free spectral range, or 106 linewidths of the resonator. This result has been achieved by use of a new method based on the stretching of a two-stem microsphere. We describe devices that will permit new cavity QED experiments with this high-Q optical resonator when it is desirable to optimize its coupling to emitters with given transition frequencies. The demonstrated tuning capability is compatible with both UHV and low-temperature operation, which should be useful for future experiments with laser-cooled atoms or single quantum dots.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Lett. 21, 453 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Mabuchi and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 19, 749 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Schiller and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 16, 1138 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. Ilchenko and M. Gorodetsky, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).
  12. A. L. Huston and J. D. Eversole, Opt. Lett. 18, 1104 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. The precise design of the device should give a lever effect of ~5 at the jaws of the device. This design helps us to compensate for the imperfection of the device in the region in which the final weld of the upper stem was made.

1999

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Lett. 21, 453 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

A. L. Huston and J. D. Eversole, Opt. Lett. 18, 1104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

V. Ilchenko and M. Gorodetsky, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

1991

1990

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Barber, P. W.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braginsky, V. B.

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brune, M.

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Collot, L.

Eversole, J. D.

Gorodetsky, M.

V. Ilchenko and M. Gorodetsky, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

Gorodetsky, M. L.

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Lett. 21, 453 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hare, J.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haroche, S.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hill, S. C.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huston, A. L.

Ilchenko, V.

F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ilchenko and M. Gorodetsky, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

Ilchenko, V. S.

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Lett. 21, 453 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jahier, E.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lai, H. M.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lefèrve-Seguin, V.

V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lefèvre, V.

Lefèvre-Seguin, V.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leung, P. T.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lissillour, F.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Long, R.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mabuchi, H.

Moerner, W. E.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Norris, D. J.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, J.-M.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Roch, J-F.

F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savchenkov, A. A.

Schiller, S.

Treussart, F.

F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Treussart, J. Hare, L. Collot, V. Lefèvre, D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 19, 1651 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velichansky, V. L.

V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Volikov, P. S.

V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

von Klitzing, W.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, D. S.

Young, K.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D

F. Treussart, V. Ilchenko, J-F. Roch, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 235 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett.

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

V. Ilchenko and M. Gorodetsky, Laser Phys. 2, 1004 (1992).

Opt. Commun.

V. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefèrve-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond and S. Haroche, Opt. Commun. 145, 86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. A

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, and S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

The precise design of the device should give a lever effect of ~5 at the jaws of the device. This design helps us to compensate for the imperfection of the device in the region in which the final weld of the upper stem was made.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified diagram of the experimental setup. The WGM modes of the microsphere are excited through a high-index prism by frustrated total internal reflection. The resonances are detected as dips in the laser light intensity coming out of the prism. The inset on the right-hand side shows a side view of the stretching device. The inset on the left-hand side is a CCD image of a double-stemmed microsphere as seen through our microscope. DBR, distributed Bragg reflector; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency shift versus PZT voltage for several TM and ° TE WGM’s. Frequency intervals that characterize the WGM spectrum of the microsphere are also shown, namely, the FSR, the separation ΔP between modes that differ only in their polarizations, and the frequency difference Δm that is due to a change by one unit of m. TM modes are, as expected, more sensitive to stress than TE modes by a factor of 1.6.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency shift for a pair of TM and ° modes followed continuously over the maximum applied stress.

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