Abstract

We report stabilization of a higher-order mode-locked Er-fiber laser producing transform-limited 800-fs Gaussian pulses at a repetition rate of 154  GHz against variation of cavity length caused by ambient temperature fluctuation. We obtained an error signal suitable for active control of the cavity length and synchronization to a 38.4-GHz external clock by tailoring the chromatic dispersion of the ring laser cavity and using a feedback circuit based on balanced photodetection. The wavelength and the repetition rate of the stabilized laser could be tuned over ranges of 11  nm and 100 MHz, respectively.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Pfeiffer and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 29, 1849 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, and M. Hyodo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 36, 1185 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 36, 1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, and M. Hyodo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1994 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

T. Pfeiffer and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 29, 1849 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Harvey and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 18, 107 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 36, 1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, and M. Hyodo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carruthers, T. F.

Cleland, D.

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I. N.

Ellis, A.

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, G. T.

Hyodo, M.

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 36, 1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, and M. Hyodo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 1984 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nesset, D.

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onodera, N.

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 36, 1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, and M. Hyodo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, T.

T. Pfeiffer and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 29, 1849 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, I. D.

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shan, X.

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, N.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

Veith, G.

T. Pfeiffer and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 29, 1849 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

T. Pfeiffer and G. Veith, Electron. Lett. 29, 1849 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, and N. Onodera, Electron. Lett. 36, 1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Shan, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, and M. Hyodo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the mode-locked laser that uses active length stabilization: LD, laser diode; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexing; PANDA, polarization-maintaining and absorption-reducing (Fiber); HV, high-voltage; other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Oscillation spectra and the corresponding passband of the tunable filters. (a) Stabilizer on. (b) Stabilizer off; the cavity is shorter than the optimum length ΔL<0. (c) Stabilizer off; the cavity is longer than the optimum length ΔL>0. (d) Passband of filters. The average dispersion of the cavity is anomalous; D>0.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Voltage applied to the PZT plotted as a function of the modulation frequency offset. The slope of the curve is 1.25  V/kHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation trace showing (a) the pulse train and (b) shape of the pulses (solid curve) and Gaussian fit (dotted curve). Modulation frequency, 38.379416  GHz.

Equations (1)

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Δλ=-β1/DLΔL,

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