Abstract

We describe a self-starting high-power femtosecond laser based on the Cr4+:Mg2SiO4 crystal that produces 17-nJ pulses of 40-fs duration at 26.5-MHz repetition rate. This low repetition rate is achieved by employment of a one-to-one telescope in the cavity. The pulse energy is five times greater than with a short-resonator laser. To our knowledge, the laser produces the highest energy ever achieved from this type of laser directly from the resonator without cavity dumping or external amplification. We believe that this laser source can be used for many applications, including nonlinear optics, microscopic imaging, and micromachining of silicon and other semiconductor materials.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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2000 (1)

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1998 (5)

A. Sennaroglu and B. Pekerten, Opt. Lett. 23, 361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. V. Podpilensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, and V. P. Mikhailov, Opt. Lett. 23, 1028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Jonusauskas, J. Oberle, and C. Rulliere, Opt. Lett. 23, 1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, V. Shcheslavskiy, T. Mirtchev, F. Noack, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1996 (2)

1993 (3)

1992 (2)

M. Livshitz, Ya. Mishkel, and A. Tarasov, Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 19, 496 (1992).

A. Seas, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 17, 937 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

V. Petricevich, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Alrubaiee, M.

Angelow, G.

Anzai, H.

V. Petricevich, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Avtukh, A.

Boppart, S. A.

Bouma, B. E.

Bouvier, M.

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brakenhoff, G. J.

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brodeur, A.

Carrig, T.

T. Carrig and C. Pollock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2835 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Carrig, T. J.

Cho, S. H.

Chudoba, C.

Evans, J. M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Garcia, J. F.

Gayen, S. K.

Golu-bovic, B.

Hamm, P.

Haus, H. A.

Ippen, E. P.

Itatani, T.

V. Petrov, V. Shcheslavskiy, T. Mirtchev, F. Noack, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, A. A.

Yakovlev, A. A. Ivanov, V. Shcheslavskiy, A. B. Vasilyev, and B. I. Minkov, Proc. SPIE 4267, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jonusauskas, G.

Kamalov, V.

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 469.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kuleshov, N. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lauterwasser, C.

Libertun, R.

R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 469.

Liu, X.

Livshitz, M.

M. Livshitz, Ya. Mishkel, and A. Tarasov, Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 19, 496 (1992).

Ma, J.

Mazur, E.

Mikhailov, V.

Mikhailov, V. P.

Minkov, B. I.

Yakovlev, A. A. Ivanov, V. Shcheslavskiy, A. B. Vasilyev, and B. I. Minkov, Proc. SPIE 4267, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Yanovsky, Y. Pang, F. Wise, and B. I. Minkov, Opt. Lett. 18, 1541 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mirtchev, T.

V. Petrov, V. Shcheslavskiy, T. Mirtchev, F. Noack, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mishkel, Ya.

M. Livshitz, Ya. Mishkel, and A. Tarasov, Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 19, 496 (1992).

Morgner, U.

Muller, M.

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 469.

Nakagawa, T.

V. Petrov, V. Shcheslavskiy, T. Mirtchev, F. Noack, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, V. Shcheslavskiy, T. Mirtchev, F. Noack, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oberle, J.

Pang, Y.

Pekerten, B.

Petricevic, V.

Petricevich, V.

V. Petricevich, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 14, 612 (1989).
[CrossRef]

V. Petricevich, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

F. Rotermund and V. Petrov, Opt. Lett. 25, 746 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, V. Shcheslavskiy, T. Mirtchev, F. Noack, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Podpilensky, A. V.

Pollock, C.

T. Carrig and C. Pollock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2835 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pollock, C. R.

Qian, L.

Rotermund, F.

Rulliere, C.

Schaffer, C. B.

Scheuer, V.

Seas, A.

Sennaroglu, A.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

Shcheslavskiy, V.

Yakovlev, A. A. Ivanov, V. Shcheslavskiy, A. B. Vasilyev, and B. I. Minkov, Proc. SPIE 4267, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, V. Shcheslavskiy, T. Mirtchev, F. Noack, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, R.

R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 469.

Slobodchikov, E.

Squier, J.

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sugaya, T.

V. Petrov, V. Shcheslavskiy, T. Mirtchev, F. Noack, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

Tarasov, A.

M. Livshitz, Ya. Mishkel, and A. Tarasov, Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 19, 496 (1992).

Tearney, G. J.

Tominaga, K.

Tscudi, T.

Vasilyev, A. B.

Yakovlev, A. A. Ivanov, V. Shcheslavskiy, A. B. Vasilyev, and B. I. Minkov, Proc. SPIE 4267, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K. R.

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Yakovlev,

Yakovlev, A. A. Ivanov, V. Shcheslavskiy, A. B. Vasilyev, and B. I. Minkov, Proc. SPIE 4267, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamagishi, K.

V. Petricevich, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, Y.

V. Petricevich, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yanovsky, V.

Yoshihara, K.

Zavallos, M. E.

Zhavoronkov, N.

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhavoronkov, A. Avtukh, and V. Mikhailov, Appl. Opt. 36, 8601 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zinth, W.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. Petricevich, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagishi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

V. Petrov, V. Shcheslavskiy, T. Mirtchev, F. Noack, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 559 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Carrig and C. Pollock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2835 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (Oxford) (1)

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. (Oxford) 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) (1)

M. Livshitz, Ya. Mishkel, and A. Tarasov, Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 19, 496 (1992).

Opt. Lett. (15)

Proc. SPIE (1)

Yakovlev, A. A. Ivanov, V. Shcheslavskiy, A. B. Vasilyev, and B. I. Minkov, Proc. SPIE 4267, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 469.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic outline of the Cr4+:forsterite laser. M1, M2, 10-cm concave mirrors; M4, M5, 200-cm concave mirrors; M6, 9.3-cm concave mirror. All the other mirrors are flat. All mirrors except output coupler M3 and the SESAM (SM) are high reflectors for 1100–1400  nm. L, focusing lens; Ps, SF-6 prisms.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interferrometric autocorrelation function and a corresponding spectrum (inset) of the pulses emerging from the extended-cavity Cr4+:forsterite oscillator for the optimal position of the extracavity prisms.

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