Abstract

We report on a cladding-pumped, ytterbium-doped large-core-area fiber amplifier that is capable of generating 51.2  W of average power at a 1064-nm center wavelength, an 80-MHz repetition rate, and a 10-ps pulse duration. In an ytterbium-doped large-mode-area fiber these pulses could be amplified up to 43.2  W with diffraction-limited beam quality M21.3. Power scaling limitations that arise from nonlinear distortions such as self-phase modulation and stimulated Raman scattering are discussed.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Goldberg, J. P. Koplow, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Highly efficient 4-W Yb-doped fiber amplifier pumped by a broad-stripe laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 24, 673 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, “Double-clad fiber laser with 30 W output power,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.
  5. E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.
  6. A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Galvanauskas and M. E. Fermann, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000).
  8. H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.
  9. A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. L. Offerhaus, N. G. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, “High-energy single-transverse-mode Q-switched fiber laser based on a multimode LMA erbium-doped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1683 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

2000

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

L. Goldberg, J. P. Koplow, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Highly efficient 4-W Yb-doped fiber amplifier pumped by a broad-stripe laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 24, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Bicknese, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G.

Caplen, J.

Dohle, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Dorsch, F.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

A. Galvanauskas and M. E. Fermann, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000).

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas and M. E. Fermann, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000).

Ghatak, A.

A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

Griebner, U.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Heist, P.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Henning, P.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hollemann, G.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A. V.

Koplow, J. P.

Korn, G.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krause, U.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kutschki, U.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

MacCormack, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McCollum, B. C.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Nickel, D.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Offerhaus, H. L.

Po, H.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Reichel, V.

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, “Double-clad fiber laser with 30 W output power,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

Richardson, D. J.

Sammut, R.

Sanders, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Thyagarajan, K.

A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Tumminelli, R.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Tünnermann, A.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, “Double-clad fiber laser with 30 W output power,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

Unger, S.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Voelckel, H.

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Waarts, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, “Double-clad fiber laser with 30 W output power,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

Wolak, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P. S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, “Double-clad fiber laser with 30 W output power,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

Zucker, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High average power ultra-fast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

G. Hollemann, B. Braun, F. Dorsch, P. Henning, P. Heist, U. Krause, U. Kutschki, and H. Voelckel, “RGB lasers for laser projection displays,” Proc. SPIE 3954, 140 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, “Double-clad fiber laser with 30 W output power,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

A. Galvanauskas and M. E. Fermann, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000).

H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and V. Reichel, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, A. Willner, M. Zervas, and S. Sasaki, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 137.

A. Ghatak and K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Slope efficiency of the high-average-power ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation and experimentally observed spectral broadening owing to self-phase modulation in a 55μm LCA fiber amplifier. Inset, spectrum of amplified pulses at an output power of 40  W.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Core index profile of the low-N.A.  LMA fiber.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation and experimentally observed spectral broadening owing to self-phase modulation in a 30μm LMA fiber amplifier. Inset, spectrum of amplified pulses at an output power of 24  W.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulation of the power scaling limit owing to stimulated Raman scattering in two kinds of fiber.

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