Abstract

We report the generation and amplification of ultrashort shaped pulses in the visible by a two-stage noncollinear optical parametric amplification process. Phase and amplitude profiles of the shaped pulses are conserved in our amplification scheme. The energy losses normally associated with the production of complex shaped pulses are eliminated.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, Adv. Magn. Opt. Reson. 20, 1 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. R. Fetterman, D. Goswami, D. Keusters, W. Yang, J.-K. Rhee, and W. S. Warren, Opt. Express 3, 366 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. T. C. Weinacht, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Chem. Phys. B 103, 10,166 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  6. G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70S, S125 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. H.-S. Tan, W. S. Warren, and E. Schreiber, in Ultrafast Phenomena XII, T. Elsaesser, S. Mukamel, M. M. Murnane, and N. F. Scherer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 105.
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Piel, M. Beutter, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 25, 180 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  11. J.-K. Rhee, T. S. Sosnowski, T. B. Norris, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, Opt. Lett. 19, 1550 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. L. Allen and J. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Dover, New York, 1987).
  13. M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  14. V. Krylov, O. Ollikainen, J. Gallus, U. Wild, A. Rebane, and A. Kalintsev, Opt. Lett. 23, 100 (1998).
    [Crossref]

2000 (3)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70S, S125 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Piel, M. Beutter, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 25, 180 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

T. C. Weinacht, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Chem. Phys. B 103, 10,166 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (3)

1997 (3)

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, Adv. Magn. Opt. Reson. 20, 1 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

Allen, L.

L. Allen and J. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Dover, New York, 1987).

Arns, J. A.

Beutter, M.

Bucksbaum, P. H.

T. C. Weinacht, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Chem. Phys. B 103, 10,166 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[Crossref]

Colburn, W. S.

Davis, J. C.

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dugan, M. A.

J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, Adv. Magn. Opt. Reson. 20, 1 (1997).
[Crossref]

Eberly, J.

L. Allen and J. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Dover, New York, 1987).

Fetterman, M. R.

Gallus, J.

Goswami, D.

Hornung, T.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70S, S125 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kalintsev, A.

Keusters, D.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998).
[Crossref]

Krylov, V.

Motzkus, M.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70S, S125 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nisoli, M.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[Crossref]

Norris, T. B.

Ollikainen, O.

Piel, J.

Proch, D.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70S, S125 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rebane, A.

Rhee, J.-K.

Riedle, E.

Schreiber, E.

H.-S. Tan, W. S. Warren, and E. Schreiber, in Ultrafast Phenomena XII, T. Elsaesser, S. Mukamel, M. M. Murnane, and N. F. Scherer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 105.
[Crossref]

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sosnowski, T. S.

Tan, H.-S.

H.-S. Tan, W. S. Warren, and E. Schreiber, in Ultrafast Phenomena XII, T. Elsaesser, S. Mukamel, M. M. Murnane, and N. F. Scherer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 105.
[Crossref]

Tull, J. X.

J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, Adv. Magn. Opt. Reson. 20, 1 (1997).
[Crossref]

Warren, W. S.

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. R. Fetterman, D. Goswami, D. Keusters, W. Yang, J.-K. Rhee, and W. S. Warren, Opt. Express 3, 366 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, Adv. Magn. Opt. Reson. 20, 1 (1997).
[Crossref]

H.-S. Tan, W. S. Warren, and E. Schreiber, in Ultrafast Phenomena XII, T. Elsaesser, S. Mukamel, M. M. Murnane, and N. F. Scherer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 105.
[Crossref]

Weinacht, T. C.

T. C. Weinacht, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Chem. Phys. B 103, 10,166 (1999).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[Crossref]

White, J. L.

T. C. Weinacht, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Chem. Phys. B 103, 10,166 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wild, U.

Wilhelm, T.

Yang, W.

Zeidler, D.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70S, S125 (2000).
[Crossref]

Adv. Magn. Opt. Reson. (1)

J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, Adv. Magn. Opt. Reson. 20, 1 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70S, S125 (2000).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. B (1)

T. C. Weinacht, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Chem. Phys. B 103, 10,166 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

L. Allen and J. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Dover, New York, 1987).

H.-S. Tan, W. S. Warren, and E. Schreiber, in Ultrafast Phenomena XII, T. Elsaesser, S. Mukamel, M. M. Murnane, and N. F. Scherer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), p. 105.
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the amplification of shaped pulses by a two-stage NOPA: BSs, beam splitters; WLG, white-light generation (sapphire); SHG, second-harmonic generation (type  1, BBO); D, delay; DGP, diffraction grating pair; 1PP, 2PP, first- and second-stage pump pulses, respectively; 1NOPA, 2NOPA, first- and second-stage noncollinear parametric amplifiers (type  1, BBO), respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Theoretical plot of the intensity It and first time derivative of phase ϕ·t of a sechαt1+μi pulse in time, with α=0.57×300 fs-1 and μ=21. (b)–(d)  Sum-frequency generation spectra versus delay (STRUT trace) of the shaped pulses (centered at 625  nm) with a reference pulse (centered at 800  nm). (b) Theoretical and (c), (d)  experimental preamplified and amplified pulses, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Comparison of the theoretical first derivative of phase ϕω and the experimental values recovered from the STRUT traces in Figs.  2(c) and 2(d) for preamplified and amplified sechαt1+μi pulses, respectively. (b)  Comparison of the electric field amplitude Eω obtained theoretically and that of the experimental values, obtained from the spectrometer for the preamplified and amplified shaped pulses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Comparison of the spectra of preamplified and the amplified shaped pulses with a sine-squared amplitude modulation across the 70-nm spectrum. Experimental STRUT traces of (b)  preamplified and (c)  amplified shaped pulses with a cubic chirp of 30 000 fs3.

Equations (1)

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Et=sechαt1+μi,

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