Abstract

The way in which the sequence of phase correction impinges on performance in multiconjugate adaptive optics systems is described. When multiple phase modulators with different conjugate ranges are used, the conjugate images of the phase modulators in the atmosphere must be reimaged in the reverse order post focus, and adaptive phase correction applied in this sequence for perfect amplitude and phase cancellation. Performing the correction without relay optics results in residual amplitude and phase aberrations. It is shown, by Monte Carlo simulations of Fresnel propagation, that the effects of wave optical propagation become nonnegligible at visible wavelengths and for large air masses.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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