Abstract

We discuss the polarization-resolved intensity noise characteristics of a transverse single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL). Measurements by a sensitivity-enhanced lock-in amplifier detection scheme yield only an imperfect anticorrelation between the strong and the weak orthogonally polarized fundamental modes. Yet the total emission shows amplitude squeezing of 0.4  dB below the shot-noise level. Unlike for transverse two-mode emission, a perfect anticorrelation between the two polarization modes is not necessary for generation of amplitude-squeezed emission in a transverse single-mode VCSEL, in agreement with theoretical predictions.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, Electron. Lett. 34, 353 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Marin, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, T.-C. Zhang, J.-P. Poizat, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4606 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Inoue, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2761 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Becher, E. Gehrig, and K.-J. Boller, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3952 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Degen, B. Krauskopf, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, J. Opt. B 2, 517 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, M. Gabrysch, K. H. Gulden, and M. Moser, Opt. Commun. 146, 136 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Goobar, J. W. Scott, B. Thibeault, G. Robinson, Y. Akulova, and L. A. Coldren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3697 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. M. Bacon, H. Z. Zhao, L. J. Wang, and J. E. Thomas, Appl. Opt. 34, 5326 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Influence of polarization switching on the intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
  17. We point out that this situation is different from that of a weak mode discussed with respect to Petermann excess noise in a single-mode laser, where the absolute noise of the strongly suppressed mode is negligible.18
  18. A. M. van der Lee, N. J. van Druten, M. P. van Exter, J. P. Woerdman, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4711 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

C. Degen, B. Krauskopf, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, J. Opt. B 2, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. van der Lee, N. J. van Druten, M. P. van Exter, J. P. Woerdman, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4711 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

C. Becher, E. Gehrig, and K.-J. Boller, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, M. Gabrysch, K. H. Gulden, and M. Moser, Opt. Commun. 146, 136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, Electron. Lett. 34, 353 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Inoue, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2761 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

A. M. Bacon, H. Z. Zhao, L. J. Wang, and J. E. Thomas, Appl. Opt. 34, 5326 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Goobar, J. W. Scott, B. Thibeault, G. Robinson, Y. Akulova, and L. A. Coldren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Marin, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, T.-C. Zhang, J.-P. Poizat, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4606 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akulova, Y.

E. Goobar, J. W. Scott, B. Thibeault, G. Robinson, Y. Akulova, and L. A. Coldren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Auen, K.

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bacon, A. M.

Becher, C.

C. Becher, E. Gehrig, and K.-J. Boller, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

C. Becher, E. Gehrig, and K.-J. Boller, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bramati, A.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Marin, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, T.-C. Zhang, J.-P. Poizat, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4606 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carlsten, J. L.

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

E. Goobar, J. W. Scott, B. Thibeault, G. Robinson, Y. Akulova, and L. A. Coldren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Degen, C.

C. Degen, B. Krauskopf, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, J. Opt. B 2, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, Electron. Lett. 34, 353 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Influence of polarization switching on the intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Ebeling, K. J.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, Electron. Lett. 34, 353 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elsässer, W.

C. Degen, B. Krauskopf, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, J. Opt. B 2, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, Electron. Lett. 34, 353 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Influence of polarization switching on the intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Fischer, I.

C. Degen, B. Krauskopf, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, J. Opt. B 2, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gabrysch, M.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, M. Gabrysch, K. H. Gulden, and M. Moser, Opt. Commun. 146, 136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gehrig, E.

C. Becher, E. Gehrig, and K.-J. Boller, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3952 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Marin, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, T.-C. Zhang, J.-P. Poizat, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4606 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giacomelli, G.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, M. Gabrysch, K. H. Gulden, and M. Moser, Opt. Commun. 146, 136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Goobar, E.

E. Goobar, J. W. Scott, B. Thibeault, G. Robinson, Y. Akulova, and L. A. Coldren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grabherr, M.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

A. M. van der Lee, N. J. van Druten, M. P. van Exter, J. P. Woerdman, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4711 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Marin, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, T.-C. Zhang, J.-P. Poizat, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4606 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gulden, K. H.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, M. Gabrysch, K. H. Gulden, and M. Moser, Opt. Commun. 146, 136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hermier, J.-P.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, S.

Jäger, R.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jennemann, G.

C. Degen, B. Krauskopf, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, J. Opt. B 2, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Josse, V.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jung, C.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, J.

J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Influence of polarization switching on the intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Khoury, A. Z.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kicherer, M.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kilper, D. C.

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krauskopf, B.

C. Degen, B. Krauskopf, G. Jennemann, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, J. Opt. B 2, 517 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lathi, S.

Lear, K. L.

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Machida, S.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marin, F.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, M. Gabrysch, K. H. Gulden, and M. Moser, Opt. Commun. 146, 136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Marin, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, T.-C. Zhang, J.-P. Poizat, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4606 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michalzik, R.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, M. Gabrysch, K. H. Gulden, and M. Moser, Opt. Commun. 146, 136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, O.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poizat, J.-P.

A. M. van der Lee, N. J. van Druten, M. P. van Exter, J. P. Woerdman, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4711 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Marin, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, T.-C. Zhang, J.-P. Poizat, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4606 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robinson, G.

E. Goobar, J. W. Scott, B. Thibeault, G. Robinson, Y. Akulova, and L. A. Coldren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Roch, J.-F.

F. Marin, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, T.-C. Zhang, J.-P. Poizat, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4606 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roos, P. A.

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schnitzer, P.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Opt. Lett. 24, 893 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, Electron. Lett. 34, 353 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scott, J. W.

E. Goobar, J. W. Scott, B. Thibeault, G. Robinson, Y. Akulova, and L. A. Coldren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Thibeault, B.

E. Goobar, J. W. Scott, B. Thibeault, G. Robinson, Y. Akulova, and L. A. Coldren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, J. E.

van der Lee, A. M.

A. M. van der Lee, N. J. van Druten, M. P. van Exter, J. P. Woerdman, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4711 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Druten, N. J.

A. M. van der Lee, N. J. van Druten, M. P. van Exter, J. P. Woerdman, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4711 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Exter, M. P.

A. M. van der Lee, N. J. van Druten, M. P. van Exter, J. P. Woerdman, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4711 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vey, J.-L.

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, Electron. Lett. 34, 353 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. J.

Wiedenmann, D.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

A. M. van der Lee, N. J. van Druten, M. P. van Exter, J. P. Woerdman, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4711 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. Inoue, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2761 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.-C.

F. Marin, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, T.-C. Zhang, J.-P. Poizat, J.-F. Roch, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4606 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, H. Z.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Goobar, J. W. Scott, B. Thibeault, G. Robinson, Y. Akulova, and L. A. Coldren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3697 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, P. Schnitzer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, Electron. Lett. 34, 353 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

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We point out that this situation is different from that of a weak mode discussed with respect to Petermann excess noise in a single-mode laser, where the absolute noise of the strongly suppressed mode is negligible.18

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Shot-noise-normalized noise of the total emission, p polarization (P-pol.), and s polarization (S-pol.)  as functions of the pump rate. (Inset, enlarged depiction of the total emission noise.)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized correlation coefficient C between p and s polarization as a function of the pump rate.

Equations (1)

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C=S-SP-SS2SPSS  -1C1.

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