Abstract

A novel method for rapid polarization measurement is suggested. The method is based on a periodic space-variant polarizer that can be realized by use of subwavelength metal-stripe gratings. The Stokes parameters of the incident beam are determined by Fourier analysis of the space-variant intensity transmitted through the grating, thus permitting real-time polarization measurement. We discuss the design and realization of such polarizers and demonstrate our technique with polarization measurements of CO2-laser radiation at a wavelength of 10.6 μm.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2001 (4)

M. Koashi, T. Yamamoto, and N. Imoto, Phys. Rev. A 63, 030301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chou, J. M. Fini, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 26, 33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 192, 169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

1998 (1)

1986 (1)

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1786 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bomzon, Z.

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 26, 33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 192, 169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chou, P. C.

P. C. Chou, J. M. Fini, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Collet, E.

E. Collet, Polarized Light (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).

Craighead, H. G.

En Naciri, A.

Everett, M. J.

Fini, J. M.

P. C. Chou, J. M. Fini, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1786 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gori, F.

Hasman, E.

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 26, 33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 192, 169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

P. C. Chou, J. M. Fini, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Imoto, N.

M. Koashi, T. Yamamoto, and N. Imoto, Phys. Rev. A 63, 030301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Johann, L.

Kleim, R.

Kleiner, V.

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 26, 33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 192, 169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koashi, M.

M. Koashi, T. Yamamoto, and N. Imoto, Phys. Rev. A 63, 030301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, A. G.

Maitland, D. J.

Moharam, M. G.

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1786 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sankaran, V.

Someda, C. G.

Walsh, J. T.

Yamamoto, T.

M. Koashi, T. Yamamoto, and N. Imoto, Phys. Rev. A 63, 030301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. C. Chou, J. M. Fini, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 568 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1786 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. Bomzon, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 192, 169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Koashi, T. Yamamoto, and N. Imoto, Phys. Rev. A 63, 030301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. Collet, Polarized Light (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of a space-variant periodic polarizer. The lines indicate the local transmission axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated and measured dependence of the Mueller matrix elements A and B on the period.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Geometry of the subwavelength metal-stripe grating and images of the grating taken with an optical microscope.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmitted intensity as a function of the x coordinate at a local period of 2.13 μm when the polarizer is illuminated with linearly polarized light with three azimuthal angles.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured and predicted results of (a) Stokes parameters S1 and S2 and (b) azimuthal angle ψ as a function of the orientation of the half-wave plate (HWP).

Equations (8)

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P=12[AB00BA0000CD00-DC],
Mβ=R-βPRβ,
Mx=R-axPRax.
S0x=12AS0+BS1cos2ax+S2sin2ax.
S0=aπAx=02π/aS0xdx,S1=2aπBx=02π/aS0xcos2axdx,S2=2aπBx=02π/aS0xsin2axdx.
Kg=K0x,ycosaxx^+sinaxy^,
Kg=2πΛ0expaycosaxx^+sinaxy^,
ϕx,y=2πaΛ0sinaxexpay.

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