Abstract

A comparison of laser emission in highly doped (2.4- and 3.5-at. %) Nd:YAG crystals is made for conventional 808-nm pumping in F5/24 and resonant pumping at 885  nm in the band that collects the hot transitions Z2R1 and Z3R2 of I9/24F3/24 absorption. A systematic improvement of the laser parameters (slope efficiency and emission threshold) in absorbed power under hot-band pumping is observed, as expected from the reduction of the pump’s quantum defect. Together with the expected reduction of heat generation, resonant hot-band pumping in concentrated components shows prospect for greatly increasing the emission capabilities of the Nd:YAG lasers.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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2001 (2)

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, S. Georgescu, T. Taira, Y. Sato, and A. Iketsue, Phys. Rev. B 64, 092102 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Urata, R. Hua, S. Wada, H. Tashiro, and P. Deng, Opt. Lett. 26, 801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

R. Lavi and S. Jackel, Appl. Opt. 39, 3093 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. Nanau, Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

B. Ferrand, D. Pelenc, I. Chartier, and Ch. Wyon, J. Cryst. Growth 128, 965 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Y. Zhou, J. Cryst. Growth 78, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1972 (1)

L. J. Rosenkrantz, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4603 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

M. Ross, Proc. IEEE 56, 196 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Buser, R. G.

Chartier, I.

B. Ferrand, D. Pelenc, I. Chartier, and Ch. Wyon, J. Cryst. Growth 128, 965 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Deb, K. K.

Deng, P.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

B. Ferrand, D. Pelenc, I. Chartier, and Ch. Wyon, J. Cryst. Growth 128, 965 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gavrilovic, P.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Georgescu, S.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, S. Georgescu, T. Taira, Y. Sato, and A. Iketsue, Phys. Rev. B 64, 092102 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. Nanau, Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grodkiewicz, W. H.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hua, R.

Ikesue, A.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, Y. Sato, S. Kurimura, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA 2001 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ME 14-1.

Iketsue, A.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, S. Georgescu, T. Taira, Y. Sato, and A. Iketsue, Phys. Rev. B 64, 092102 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, S.

Kamata, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, T.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, Y. Sato, S. Kurimura, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA 2001 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ME 14-1.

Lavi, R.

Li, C.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, A.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, S. Georgescu, T. Taira, Y. Sato, and A. Iketsue, Phys. Rev. B 64, 092102 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. Nanau, Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, S. Georgescu, T. Taira, Y. Sato, and A. Iketsue, Phys. Rev. B 64, 092102 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. Nanau, Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meehan, K.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nanau, P.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. Nanau, Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O’Neill, M. S.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Paul, J.

Pelenc, D.

B. Ferrand, D. Pelenc, I. Chartier, and Ch. Wyon, J. Cryst. Growth 128, 965 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Prabhu, M.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rosenkrantz, L. J.

L. J. Rosenkrantz, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4603 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ross, M.

M. Ross, Proc. IEEE 56, 196 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, S. Georgescu, T. Taira, Y. Sato, and A. Iketsue, Phys. Rev. B 64, 092102 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, Y. Sato, S. Kurimura, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA 2001 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ME 14-1.

Shoji, I.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, Y. Sato, S. Kurimura, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA 2001 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ME 14-1.

Singh, S.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. C.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stoicescu, C.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. Nanau, Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, S. Georgescu, T. Taira, Y. Sato, and A. Iketsue, Phys. Rev. B 64, 092102 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, Y. Sato, S. Kurimura, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA 2001 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ME 14-1.

Tashiro, H.

Tiseanu, C.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. Nanau, Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Urata, Y.

Wada, S.

Wyon, Ch.

B. Ferrand, D. Pelenc, I. Chartier, and Ch. Wyon, J. Cryst. Growth 128, 965 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, Y. Sato, S. Kurimura, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA 2001 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ME 14-1.

Zarrabi, J. H.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, J. Cryst. Growth 78, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. C. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1033 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. J. Rosenkrantz, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4603 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

Y. Zhou, J. Cryst. Growth 78, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

B. Ferrand, D. Pelenc, I. Chartier, and Ch. Wyon, J. Cryst. Growth 128, 965 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. Nanau, Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, S. Georgescu, T. Taira, Y. Sato, and A. Iketsue, Phys. Rev. B 64, 092102 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

M. Ross, Proc. IEEE 56, 196 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

I. Shoji, Y. Sato, S. Kurimura, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA 2001 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper ME 14-1.

Peace Engineering, Inc. (Japan); commercial leaflet.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated dependence on Nd concentration of the emission quantum efficiency η and of figure of merit ηCNd for level F3/24 in Nd:YAG. Signs are for experimental η data according to Refs.  11– , 12,13.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Room-temperature transmission spectrum I9/24F3/24 for 1-at. % Nd:YAG.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser characteristics of Nd:YAG crystals under 885-nm pumping and with a 95% reflectivity output coupler.

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