Abstract

We present experimental results of temperature tuning in a dual-clad ytterbium fiber laser. We varied the temperature of the fiber from 0 to 100 °C and found significant changes in operating wavelength, power, and threshold. Over this range, the wavelength shifted at a rate of 0.2  nm/°C, and the lasing threshold increased by a factor of 2.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Goldberg, J. P. Koplow, R. P. Moeller, and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 23, 1037 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Nilsson, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, C. C. Renaud, and A. B. Grudinin, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. WA2–1.
  5. C. Ghisler, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1877 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Többen, Electron. Lett. 29, 667 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. J. Da Silva, M. T. de Araujo, E. A. Gouveia, and A. S. Gouveia-Neto, Opt. Lett. 24, 1287 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1049 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Nilsson, Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK (personal communication, 1999).

2001

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

C. J. Da Silva, M. T. de Araujo, E. A. Gouveia, and A. S. Gouveia-Neto, Opt. Lett. 24, 1287 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Ghisler, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1877 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

H. Többen, Electron. Lett. 29, 667 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, and A. C. Tropper, J. Mod. Opt. 37, 517 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

J. Nilsson, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, C. C. Renaud, and A. B. Grudinin, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. WA2–1.

Barber, P. R.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bicknese, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carman, R. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

J. Nilsson, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, C. C. Renaud, and A. B. Grudinin, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. WA2–1.

Da Silva, C. J.

Dawes, J. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Araujo, M. T.

Dohle, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ghisler, C.

C. Ghisler, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1877 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

Gouveia, E. A.

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

Grudinin, A. B.

J. Nilsson, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, C. C. Renaud, and A. B. Grudinin, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. WA2–1.

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, and A. C. Tropper, J. Mod. Opt. 37, 517 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, H. J.

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A. V.

Koplow, J. P.

Lüthy, W.

C. Ghisler, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1877 (1995).
[CrossRef]

MacCormack, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mackechnie, C. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moeller, R. P.

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK (personal communication, 1999).

J. Nilsson, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, C. C. Renaud, and A. B. Grudinin, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. WA2–1.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Percival, R. M.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, and A. C. Tropper, J. Mod. Opt. 37, 517 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Perry, I. R.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, and A. C. Tropper, J. Mod. Opt. 37, 517 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, C. C.

J. Nilsson, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, C. C. Renaud, and A. B. Grudinin, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. WA2–1.

Sanders, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smart, R. G.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, and A. C. Tropper, J. Mod. Opt. 37, 517 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Suni, P. J.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, and A. C. Tropper, J. Mod. Opt. 37, 517 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Többen, H.

H. Többen, Electron. Lett. 29, 667 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, and A. C. Tropper, J. Mod. Opt. 37, 517 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

J. Nilsson, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, C. C. Renaud, and A. B. Grudinin, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. WA2–1.

Waarts, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

C. Ghisler, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1877 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wolak, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P. S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zucker, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

H. Többen, Electron. Lett. 29, 667 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. Ghisler, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1877 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barber, and J. M. Dawes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 2 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, and A. C. Tropper, J. Mod. Opt. 37, 517 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series

J. Nilsson, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, C. C. Renaud, and A. B. Grudinin, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. WA2–1.

Other

J. Nilsson, Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK (personal communication, 1999).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Small-signal gain calculated by use of measured cross sections10,11 and parameters for a typical fiber. The solid curve is the gain at room temperature. The dotted curve is the gain when it is assumed that the absorption cross section is doubled. Inset ytterbium energy-level diagram from Pask et al.9

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser wavelength and slope efficiency as functions of fiber temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Threshold pump power and laser output power as functions of fiber temperature.

Equations (1)

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gλ=N0ΓLσeλ+σaλ n2-σaλσeλ+σaλ,

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