Abstract

A general, noniterative method for designing diffractive axicons is derived. This new technique clarifies the earlier phenomenological design principle that was used for coherent light and extends it to the domain of partial coherence. The approach is based on the method of stationary phase in fluctuating diffracted wave fields, and it applies to arbitrary axially symmetric radiation of the Schell-model type. It is shown that the general design equation can be solved numerically, in a straightforward way, for any reasonable illumination and image specifications.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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