Abstract

The electric field change of a femtosecond mid-infrared (MIR) pulse reflected by a new type of Bragg mirror is directly measured by time-resolved cross-correlation spectroscopy. The refractive-index contrast of the plasma Bragg mirror is achieved by use of different doping levels of only one type of semiconductor material (n+-doped GaAs and undoped GaAs). The direct measurement of the time dependence of the electric field of a reflected MIR pulse permits the observation of a noninstantaneous response of a Bragg mirror compared with a metallic surface, which is due to the penetration of the pulse into the multilayer structure.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. The small tilt of the sample causes a time delay of the pulses (path difference, 2d) impinging upon the gold or the Bragg mirror part of the sample when the sample is vertically translated between the two measurements. The origin of this additional phase shift, which is linear in frequency, has been experimentally confirmed by use of a piece of undoped GaAs substrate partially covered with gold.
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    [CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1997 (3)

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1215 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Felix, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. Goldberg, D. H. Chow, and E. Selvig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

K. Iga, S. Ishikawa, S. Ohkouchi, and T. Nishimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 348 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bewley, W. W.

C. L. Felix, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. Goldberg, D. H. Chow, and E. Selvig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bonvalet, A.

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, A. Migus, and J.-L. Martin, Opt. Lett. 21, 964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chow, D. H.

C. L. Felix, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. Goldberg, D. H. Chow, and E. Selvig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1215 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elsaesser, T.

Felix, C. L.

C. L. Felix, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. Goldberg, D. H. Chow, and E. Selvig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

Goldberg, L.

C. L. Felix, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. Goldberg, D. H. Chow, and E. Selvig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirlimann, Ch. A.

Holzwarth, R.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iga, K.

K. Iga, S. Ishikawa, S. Ohkouchi, and T. Nishimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 348 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, S.

K. Iga, S. Ishikawa, S. Ohkouchi, and T. Nishimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 348 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Joffre, M.

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, A. Migus, and J.-L. Martin, Opt. Lett. 21, 964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaindl, R. A.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1215 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Knox, W. H.

Krausz, F.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, K. D.

Martin, J.-L.

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, A. Migus, and J.-L. Martin, Opt. Lett. 21, 964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, J. R.

C. L. Felix, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. Goldberg, D. H. Chow, and E. Selvig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, A. Migus, and J.-L. Martin, Opt. Lett. 21, 964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1215 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, T.

K. Iga, S. Ishikawa, S. Ohkouchi, and T. Nishimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 348 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ohkouchi, S.

K. Iga, S. Ishikawa, S. Ohkouchi, and T. Nishimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 348 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, N. M.

Poppe, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roskos, H.

Rundquist, A.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Selvig, E.

C. L. Felix, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. Goldberg, D. H. Chow, and E. Selvig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. C.

Spielmann, Ch.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szipöcs, R.

Tempea, G.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vurgaftman, I.

C. L. Felix, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. Goldberg, D. H. Chow, and E. Selvig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K. Iga, S. Ishikawa, S. Ohkouchi, and T. Nishimura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 348 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Felix, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, J. R. Meyer, L. Goldberg, D. H. Chow, and E. Selvig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1215 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. S. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

The small tilt of the sample causes a time delay of the pulses (path difference, 2d) impinging upon the gold or the Bragg mirror part of the sample when the sample is vertically translated between the two measurements. The origin of this additional phase shift, which is linear in frequency, has been experimentally confirmed by use of a piece of undoped GaAs substrate partially covered with gold.

E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated (solid curves) and measured (squares and triangles) (a) reflectivity and (b) transmission of the Bragg mirror. α denotes the angle of incidence. The inset of (b) contains a schematic drawing of the Bragg mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

TM-polarized MIR pulses reflected by the gold mirror and by the Bragg mirror at (a) 9μm and (b) 11.5μm center wavelengths [FWHM, (a) 2.5 μm and (b) 2 μm].

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured (squares) and calculated (solid curve) phase of the MIR pulse reflected by the Bragg mirror.

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