Abstract

A new class of linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings, suitable for all-fiber optical multiplication and reshaping of picosecond pulse trains, is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Repetition-rate multiplication, based on the temporal Talbot effect, is achieved by accurate control of the grating chirp, and a suitable design of the index-modulation depth profile allows for simultaneous square-pulse shaping. A 50-ps squarelike optical pulse train at 10-GHz repetition rate is obtained, starting from a 2.5-GHz Gaussian pulse train emitted by a mode-locked Er-Yb laser.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, and N. R. Thurston, Opt. Lett. 11, 153 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Ph. Emplit, J.-P. Hamaide, and F. Reymond, Opt. Lett. 17, 1358 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, E. Friebele, R. Kashyap, and T. Erdogan, eds., Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 186.
  6. Ph. Emplit, M. Haeltermann, R. Kashyap, and M. De Lathouwer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1122 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, M. N. Zervas, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 25, 521 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Azana and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 24, 1672 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, M. Belmonte, B. Agogliati, L. Arcangeli, V. Pruneri, M. N. Zervas, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 25, 1481 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1419 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, in Recent Advances in Long Dispersion Compensating Fibre Bragg Gratings (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1999).
  12. S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, and V. Pruneri, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1498 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, and M. A. Muriel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Longhi, P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 19, 1986 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (4)

1999 (1)

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, and M. A. Muriel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

Ph. Emplit, M. Haeltermann, R. Kashyap, and M. De Lathouwer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1419 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

S. Longhi, P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 19, 1986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1986 (1)

Agogliati, B.

Arcangeli, L.

Asseh, A. A.

A. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1419 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Azana, J.

Belmonte, M.

Cole, M. J.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, in Recent Advances in Long Dispersion Compensating Fibre Bragg Gratings (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1999).

De Lathouwer, M.

Ph. Emplit, M. Haeltermann, R. Kashyap, and M. De Lathouwer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Durkin, M. K.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, in Recent Advances in Long Dispersion Compensating Fibre Bragg Gratings (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1999).

Emplit, Ph.

Ph. Emplit, M. Haeltermann, R. Kashyap, and M. De Lathouwer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Emplit, J.-P. Hamaide, and F. Reymond, Opt. Lett. 17, 1358 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Feced, R.

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, and M. A. Muriel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haeltermann, M.

Ph. Emplit, M. Haeltermann, R. Kashyap, and M. De Lathouwer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hamaide, J.-P.

Heritage, J. P.

Ibsen, M.

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, M. N. Zervas, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 25, 521 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, M. Belmonte, B. Agogliati, L. Arcangeli, V. Pruneri, M. N. Zervas, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 25, 1481 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, in Recent Advances in Long Dispersion Compensating Fibre Bragg Gratings (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1999).

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, E. Friebele, R. Kashyap, and T. Erdogan, eds., Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 186.

Inoue, Y.

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

Ph. Emplit, M. Haeltermann, R. Kashyap, and M. De Lathouwer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, T.

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, in Recent Advances in Long Dispersion Compensating Fibre Bragg Gratings (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1999).

Laporta, P.

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, and V. Pruneri, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1498 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, M. Belmonte, B. Agogliati, L. Arcangeli, V. Pruneri, M. N. Zervas, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 25, 1481 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Longhi, P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 19, 1986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Longhi, S.

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, and V. Pruneri, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1498 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, M. Belmonte, B. Agogliati, L. Arcangeli, V. Pruneri, M. N. Zervas, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 25, 1481 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Longhi, P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 19, 1986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Marano, M.

Muriel, M. A.

J. Azana and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 24, 1672 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, and M. A. Muriel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Naganuma, K.

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, M. N. Zervas, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 25, 521 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, E. Friebele, R. Kashyap, and T. Erdogan, eds., Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 186.

Pruneri, V.

Reymond, F.

Richardson, D. J.

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, M. N. Zervas, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 25, 521 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, E. Friebele, R. Kashyap, and T. Erdogan, eds., Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 186.

Sahlgren, B. E.

A. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1419 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sandgren, S.

A. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1419 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Storoy, H.

A. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1419 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stubbe, R. A. H.

A. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1419 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Taccheo, S.

S. Longhi, P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 19, 1986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takenouchi, H.

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thurston, N. R.

Tsuda, H.

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Zervas, M. N.

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, M. Belmonte, B. Agogliati, L. Arcangeli, V. Pruneri, M. N. Zervas, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 25, 1481 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, M. N. Zervas, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 25, 521 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, and M. A. Muriel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, in Recent Advances in Long Dispersion Compensating Fibre Bragg Gratings (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1999).

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, K. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii, Electron. Lett. 33, 1890 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, and M. A. Muriel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Ph. Emplit, M. Haeltermann, R. Kashyap, and M. De Lathouwer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, and V. Pruneri, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1498 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1419 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, in Recent Advances in Long Dispersion Compensating Fibre Bragg Gratings (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1999).

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, E. Friebele, R. Kashyap, and T. Erdogan, eds., Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 186.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Designed (dotted curves) and measured (solid curves) profiles of (a) FBG power reflectivity and (b) group delay versus the frequency detuning from Bragg resonance.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Refractive-index modulation depth hz and (b) phase ϕz of a FBG with the desired spectral response shown in Fig.  1, as obtained by inverse-scattering calculation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectrum and (b) oscilloscope trace of the multiplied and squared pulse train (solid curves) and of the original mode-locked Gaussian pulse train (dotted curves).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured (solid curve) and expected (dotted curve) autocorrelation traces of the multiplied square-pulse train (SH, second harmonic). For comparison, the measured autocorrelation trace of the input mode-locked pulse train is also shown (dashed curve). (b) Simulated intensity profile of the square pulse (solid curve) obtained from the design parameters of the grating and of an input 8-ps Gaussian pulse (dashed curve).

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Φ¨=12πMfm2.

Metrics