Abstract

We have measured the frequency of the 6s S1/22-5d D3/22 electric-quadrupole transition of 171Yb+ with a relative uncertainty of 1×10-14, νYb=688 358 979 309 312 Hz±6 Hz. We used a femtosecond frequency comb generator to phase-coherently link the optical frequency derived from a single trapped ion to a cesium-fountain-controlled hydrogen maser. This measurement is one of the most accurate measurements of optical frequencies ever reported, and it represents a contribution to the development of optical clocks based on a 171Yb+-ion standard.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 24, 881 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. von Zanthier, Th. Becker, M. Eichenseer, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Riechert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Lett. 25, 1729 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  7. Chr. Tamm, D. Engelke, and V. Bühner, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053405 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. C. Fawcett and M. Wilson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 47, 241 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. W. Farley and W. H. Wing, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2397 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Weyers, U. Hübner, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, “Uncertainty evaluation of the atomic cesium fountain CSFI of PTB,” Metrologia ( to be published).
  12. S. Weyers, U. Hübner, B. Fischer, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, in Proceedings of the 14th European Frequency and Time Forum (FSRM, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2000), p. 53.
  13. D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Diedrich, and C. S. Weimer, in The Hydrogen Atom, G. F. Bassani, M. Inguscio, and T. W. Hänsch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 123.
    [Crossref]
  14. W. M. Itano, “External field shifts of the  199Hg+ optical frequency standard,” arXiv.org e-Print archive, Preprint 0010056, http://xxx.lanl.gov .
  15. J. D. Prestage, R. L. Tjoelker, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3511 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. A 59, 230 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  17. V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
    [Crossref]

2001 (2)

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (6)

J. von Zanthier, Th. Becker, M. Eichenseer, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Riechert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Lett. 25, 1729 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chr. Tamm, D. Engelke, and V. Bühner, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053405 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. A 59, 230 (1999).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 24, 881 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

J. D. Prestage, R. L. Tjoelker, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3511 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

B. C. Fawcett and M. Wilson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 47, 241 (1991).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

J. W. Farley and W. H. Wing, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2397 (1981).
[Crossref]

Abgrall, M.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bagayev, S. N.

Bauch, A.

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, “Uncertainty evaluation of the atomic cesium fountain CSFI of PTB,” Metrologia ( to be published).

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, B. Fischer, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, in Proceedings of the 14th European Frequency and Time Forum (FSRM, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2000), p. 53.

Becker, Th.

Bergquist, J. C.

D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Diedrich, and C. S. Weimer, in The Hydrogen Atom, G. F. Bassani, M. Inguscio, and T. W. Hänsch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 123.
[Crossref]

Berquist, J. C.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Binnewies, T.

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

Bühner, V.

Chr. Tamm, D. Engelke, and V. Bühner, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053405 (2000).
[Crossref]

Clairon, A.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Curtis, E. A.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diedrich, F.

D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Diedrich, and C. S. Weimer, in The Hydrogen Atom, G. F. Bassani, M. Inguscio, and T. W. Hänsch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 123.
[Crossref]

Drullinger, R. E.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dzuba, V. A.

V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[Crossref]

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. A 59, 230 (1999).
[Crossref]

Eichenseer, M.

Engelke, D.

Chr. Tamm, D. Engelke, and V. Bühner, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053405 (2000).
[Crossref]

Farley, J. W.

J. W. Farley and W. H. Wing, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2397 (1981).
[Crossref]

Fawcett, B. C.

B. C. Fawcett and M. Wilson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 47, 241 (1991).
[Crossref]

Fischer, B.

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, B. Fischer, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, in Proceedings of the 14th European Frequency and Time Forum (FSRM, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2000), p. 53.

Flambaum, V. V.

V. A. Dzuba and V. V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61, 034502 (2000).
[Crossref]

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. A 59, 230 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. von Zanthier, Th. Becker, M. Eichenseer, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Riechert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Lett. 25, 1729 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 24, 881 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hollberg, L.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holtzwarth, R.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

Hübner, U.

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, “Uncertainty evaluation of the atomic cesium fountain CSFI of PTB,” Metrologia ( to be published).

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, B. Fischer, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, in Proceedings of the 14th European Frequency and Time Forum (FSRM, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2000), p. 53.

Itano, W. M.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. M. Itano, “External field shifts of the  199Hg+ optical frequency standard,” arXiv.org e-Print archive, Preprint 0010056, http://xxx.lanl.gov .

D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Diedrich, and C. S. Weimer, in The Hydrogen Atom, G. F. Bassani, M. Inguscio, and T. W. Hänsch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 123.
[Crossref]

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laurent, P.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, W. D.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lemonde, P.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maleki, L.

J. D. Prestage, R. L. Tjoelker, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3511 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nevsky, A. Yu.

Niering, M.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oates, C. W.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peik, E.

Pokasov, P.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pokasov, P. V.

Prestage, J. D.

J. D. Prestage, R. L. Tjoelker, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3511 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[Crossref]

Reichert, J.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 24, 881 (1999).
[Crossref]

Riechert, J.

Riehle, F.

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

Salomon, C.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santarelli, G.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schröder, R.

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, “Uncertainty evaluation of the atomic cesium fountain CSFI of PTB,” Metrologia ( to be published).

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, B. Fischer, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, in Proceedings of the 14th European Frequency and Time Forum (FSRM, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2000), p. 53.

Schwedes, Ch.

Skvortsov, M. N.

Stenger, J.

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

Stentz, A. J.

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tamm, Chr.

Chr. Tamm, D. Engelke, and V. Bühner, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053405 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, B. Fischer, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, in Proceedings of the 14th European Frequency and Time Forum (FSRM, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2000), p. 53.

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, “Uncertainty evaluation of the atomic cesium fountain CSFI of PTB,” Metrologia ( to be published).

Telle, H. R.

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

Tjoelker, R. L.

J. D. Prestage, R. L. Tjoelker, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3511 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Udem, T.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 24, 881 (1999).
[Crossref]

Udem, Th.

J. von Zanthier, Th. Becker, M. Eichenseer, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Riechert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, Opt. Lett. 25, 1729 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vogel, K. R.

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von Zanthier, J.

Walther, H.

Webb, J. K.

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. A 59, 230 (1999).
[Crossref]

Weimer, C. S.

D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Diedrich, and C. S. Weimer, in The Hydrogen Atom, G. F. Bassani, M. Inguscio, and T. W. Hänsch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 123.
[Crossref]

Weitz, M.

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, Th. Udem, M. Weitz, T. W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weyers, S.

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, “Uncertainty evaluation of the atomic cesium fountain CSFI of PTB,” Metrologia ( to be published).

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, B. Fischer, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, in Proceedings of the 14th European Frequency and Time Forum (FSRM, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2000), p. 53.

Wilpers, G.

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

Wilson, M.

B. C. Fawcett and M. Wilson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 47, 241 (1991).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R. S.

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wineland, D. J.

D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Diedrich, and C. S. Weimer, in The Hydrogen Atom, G. F. Bassani, M. Inguscio, and T. W. Hänsch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 123.
[Crossref]

Wing, W. H.

J. W. Farley and W. H. Wing, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2397 (1981).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holtzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables (1)

B. C. Fawcett and M. Wilson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 47, 241 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

Chr. Tamm, D. Engelke, and V. Bühner, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053405 (2000).
[Crossref]

V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and J. K. Webb, Phys. Rev. A 59, 230 (1999).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

J. Stenger, T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, F. Riehle, H. R. Telle, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Phys. Rev. A 63, 021802(R) (2001).
[Crossref]

J. W. Farley and W. H. Wing, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2397 (1981).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

T. Udem, S. A. Diddams, K. R. Vogel, C. W. Oates, E. A. Curtis, W. D. Lee, W. M. Itano, R. E. Drullinger, J. C. Berquist, and L. Hollberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996 (2001).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Other (4)

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, “Uncertainty evaluation of the atomic cesium fountain CSFI of PTB,” Metrologia ( to be published).

S. Weyers, U. Hübner, B. Fischer, R. Schröder, Chr. Tamm, and A. Bauch, in Proceedings of the 14th European Frequency and Time Forum (FSRM, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2000), p. 53.

D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Diedrich, and C. S. Weimer, in The Hydrogen Atom, G. F. Bassani, M. Inguscio, and T. W. Hänsch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), p. 123.
[Crossref]

W. M. Itano, “External field shifts of the  199Hg+ optical frequency standard,” arXiv.org e-Print archive, Preprint 0010056, http://xxx.lanl.gov .

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the setup: LBO, LiB3O5 frequency-doubling crystal; PD  1–PD  3, photodetectors; IF, interference filter; PLLs, phase-locked loops. Details are described in the text. Two additional servo loops (not shown in the figure) were used for slow stabilization of frep and Δx to keep the beat signals within the hold-in range of the phase-locked loop tracking oscillators. The signal-to-noise ratios in a bandwidth of 100  kHz were 30  dB for PD  1, 55  dB for PD  2, and 30  dB for PD  3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Allan standard deviation of the 171Yb+-clock transition measurement and that of the typical performance of the hydrogen maser. The inset shows the distribution of the measured frequency values (averaging time, 1  s; bin width, 40  Hz; σ=111 Hz). The Allan standard deviation of the clock transition measurement approaches the typical performance of the hydrogen maser. The maser was operated in a self-tuning mode, which reduced the available frequency stability for averaging times of roughly 200  s.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Deviations of the Frequency Measurement Results from the Weighted Mean, νYb=688 358 979 309 312 Hz±6Hz, and Uncertainties (in hertz)a

Equations (2)

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νext=νceo+mfrep+Δx,
νYb=688 358 979 309 312 Hz±6 Hz.

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