Abstract

An extended-cavity diode laser operating in the Littrow configuration emitting near 657  nm is stabilized through its injection current to a reference cavity with a finesse of more than 105 and a corresponding resonance linewidth of 14  kHz. The laser linewidth is reduced from a few megahertz to a value below 30  Hz. The compact and robust setup appears ideal as a portable optical frequency standard that uses the calcium intercombination line.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Telle, Appl. Phys. B 49, 217–226 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Vassiliev, V. Velichansky, P. Kertsen, T. Trebst, and F. Riehle, Opt. Lett. 23, 1229 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Audoin, Metrology and Fundamental Constants, proceedings of the International School of Physics “Enrico Fermi” Varenna, Course LXVIII (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980).
  8. D. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Vassiliev, V. Velichansky, P. Kertsen, T. Trebst, and F. Riehle, Opt. Lett. 23, 1229 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

H. Telle, Appl. Phys. B 49, 217–226 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

D. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Allan, D.

D. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Audoin, C.

C. Audoin, Metrology and Fundamental Constants, proceedings of the International School of Physics “Enrico Fermi” Varenna, Course LXVIII (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980).

Bianchini, G.

G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bondu, F.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cancio, P.

G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Esslinger, T.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

Ford, G.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fox, R.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Inguscio, M.

G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kertsen, P.

König, W.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Minardi, F.

G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pavone, F.

G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Perrone, F.

G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prevedelli, M.

G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ricci, L.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

Riehle, F.

Telle, H.

H. Telle, Appl. Phys. B 49, 217–226 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Trebst, T.

Vassiliev, V.

Velichansky, V.

Vuletic, V.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weidemüller, M.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, C.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

H. Telle, Appl. Phys. B 49, 217–226 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. Bianchini, P. Cancio, F. Minardi, F. Pavone, F. Perrone, M. Prevedelli, and M. Inguscio, Appl. Phys. B 66, 407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. Fox, and L. Hollberg, Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 117, 541 (1995). The system described is commerically available at TOPTICA Photonics AG:  http://www.Toptica.com/ .
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

C. Audoin, Metrology and Fundamental Constants, proceedings of the International School of Physics “Enrico Fermi” Varenna, Course LXVIII (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Illustration of the experimental setup: As, amplifiers; BSs, beam splitters; EOM, electro-optic modulator; LD, laser diode. (b) High-pass filter employed in the injection current feedback loop and the coupling to the laser diode. LD, laser diode; IC±, connections to the injection current driver.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Error signal and power transmitted through the resonator as the grating of the extended cavity laser is tuned. For an explanation, see text. Traces (b) and (d) share the same scale for their y axes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral noise density in Hz/Hz1/2 of the error signal measured at point E in the scheme of Fig.  1. The dashed line indicates an upper white-noise level of 9 Hz2/Hz. The dotted curve denotes the frequency calibration function used in the determination of the spectral noise density from the measured noise power of the error signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Allan variance of spectral density of Fig.  3. Dotted curves, time dependences (a) t-1/2 and (b) t-1.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Σt2=20dνSν2sin4πνtπνt2.

Metrics