Abstract

We measure the efficiency of converting high-power 15-fs 0.8μm pulses to the mid infrared in GaAs and GaSe as well as the pulse duration and the spectrum of the infrared radiation that is produced. Free-carrier production limits the conversion efficiency in GaAs to approximately 5×10-7, allowing us to produce 2.5-pJ, 30-fs pulses spanning the spectral range from 6 to 14 μm. In GaSe we obtain, in a moderately saturated regime, a conversion efficiency of 7.5×10-5, limited by two-photon absorption, allowing us to produce pulses of 100-fs duration containing 10  nJ of energy.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 155, 47 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid-State Physics (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 228.

2000 (2)

J. Ahn, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Science 287, 463 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dietrich, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, Opt. Lett. 25, 16 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. A. Kaindl, F. Eickmeyer, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1060 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (5)

T. J. Bensky, M. B. Campbell, and R. R. Jones, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3112 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Ehret and H. Schneider, Appl. Phys. B 66, 27 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 155, 47 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Gobulovic and M. K. Reed, Opt. Lett. 22, 1760 (1998).

R. A. Kaindl, D. C. Smith, M. Joschko, M. P. Hasselbeck, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Opt. Lett. 23, 861 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, A. Migus, and J. L. Martin, Opt. Lett. 21, 964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. R. X. de Barrios, R. S. Miranda, T. M. Jedju, and P. C. Becker, Opt. Lett. 20, 480 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1988 (1)

S. L. Chin, C. Rolland, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 153 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

Ahn, J.

J. Ahn, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Science 287, 463 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, P. C.

Bensky, T. J.

T. J. Bensky, M. B. Campbell, and R. R. Jones, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3112 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bonvalet, A.

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, A. Migus, and J. L. Martin, Opt. Lett. 21, 964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, and W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), p. 42.
[CrossRef]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

J. Ahn, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Science 287, 463 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, M. B.

T. J. Bensky, M. B. Campbell, and R. R. Jones, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3112 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, C. Rolland, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 153 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

de Barrios, M. R. X.

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dietrich, P.

Ehret, S.

S. Ehret and H. Schneider, Appl. Phys. B 66, 27 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eickmeyer, F.

R. A. Kaindl, F. Eickmeyer, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1060 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

R. A. Kaindl, F. Eickmeyer, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1060 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Kaindl, D. C. Smith, M. Joschko, M. P. Hasselbeck, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Opt. Lett. 23, 861 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gobulovic, B.

Hasselbeck, M. P.

Jedju, T. M.

Joffre, M.

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, A. Migus, and J. L. Martin, Opt. Lett. 21, 964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, and W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), p. 42.
[CrossRef]

Jones, R. R.

T. J. Bensky, M. B. Campbell, and R. R. Jones, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3112 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Joschko, M.

Kaindl, R. A.

R. A. Kaindl, F. Eickmeyer, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1060 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Kaindl, D. C. Smith, M. Joschko, M. P. Hasselbeck, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Opt. Lett. 23, 861 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kittel, C.

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid-State Physics (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 228.

Krausz, F.

Martin, J. L.

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, A. Migus, and J. L. Martin, Opt. Lett. 21, 964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J.-L.

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, and W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), p. 42.
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, A. Migus, and J. L. Martin, Opt. Lett. 21, 964 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, and W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), p. 42.
[CrossRef]

Miranda, R. S.

Mirov, S. B.

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 155, 47 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Reed, M. K.

Rolland, C.

S. L. Chin, C. Rolland, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 153 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rolland and P. B. Corkum, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1625 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, H.

S. Ehret and H. Schneider, Appl. Phys. B 66, 27 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 155, 47 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, F.

Smith, D. C.

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 155, 47 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Voevodin, V. G.

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 155, 47 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T. C.

J. Ahn, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Science 287, 463 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woerner, M.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Ehret and H. Schneider, Appl. Phys. B 66, 27 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. A. Kaindl, F. Eickmeyer, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1060 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, S. B. Mirov, V. G. Voevodin, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 155, 47 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

T. J. Bensky, M. B. Campbell, and R. R. Jones, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3112 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, C. Rolland, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 153 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

J. Ahn, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Science 287, 463 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. Joffre, A. Bonvalet, J.-L. Martin, and A. Migus, in Ultrafast Phenomena X, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, and W. Zinth, eds., Vol. 62 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), p. 42.
[CrossRef]

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid-State Physics (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 228.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Infrared intensity (solid curve) obtained in GaAs as a function of the incident visible pulse energy density. Dotted curve, expected quadratic law in the absence of saturation. (b) Same as for (a) but for an infrared pulse generated in GaSe.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Infrared spectrum of pulses generated in GaAs or GaSe. Inset, visible pulse intensity spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmitted infrared intensity (solid curve) through a Ge sample as function of the time delay between the infrared probe and the visible pump pulses. Dotted curve, calculated signal from the simple model of a thin plasma layer (produced by the pump pulse) and sandwiched between the air and the rest of the Ge sample. (b) Same as (a) but for an infrared pulse generated in GaSe.

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