Abstract

A third-order optical nonlinear effect in a spherical glass resonator doped with Sm3+ ions has been observed on stimulated emission lines of the G5/24H7/26 transition, in which the excitation beam of an Ar+ laser in a 488-nm single line is coupled with the glass resonator through a prism. A spherical form is produced during a free fall of fractional glasses in a longitudinal electric furnace configured vertically. The prism-coupled glass microsphere exhibits sufficient performance to confine photon energy as a resonance of light inside the sphere and offers the prospect of new applications to functional photonic circuits.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2000 (2)

V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 3930, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Proc. SPIE 3930, 170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

S. Shibata, T. Yano, and M. Yamane, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259, 87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Inoue, A. Makishima, H. Inoue, K. Soga, T. Konishi, and T. Asano, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 247, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

L. G. Luo, R. F. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 156, 275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 15, 1854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

1986 (1)

1982 (1)

M. Nogami, J. Hayakawa, and Y. Moriya, J. Mater. Sci. 17, 2845 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

D. F. Wall, P. Zoller, and M. Steÿn-Ross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 380 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

L. Boehm, R. Reisfeld, and N. Spector, J. Solid State Chem. 28, 75 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

S. G. B. Garrett, W. Kaiser, and W. L. Bond, Phys. Rev. 124, 1807 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

S. Inoue, A. Makishima, H. Inoue, K. Soga, T. Konishi, and T. Asano, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 247, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baer, T.

Barber, P. W.

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Barber and R. K. Chang, Optical Effect Associated with Small Particles (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998).

Benner, R. E.

S. C. Hill and R. E. Benner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1509 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Boehm, L.

L. Boehm, R. Reisfeld, and N. Spector, J. Solid State Chem. 28, 75 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bond, W. L.

S. G. B. Garrett, W. Kaiser, and W. L. Bond, Phys. Rev. 124, 1807 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Barber and R. K. Chang, Optical Effect Associated with Small Particles (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998).

Chu, P. L.

L. G. Luo, R. F. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 156, 275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fukushima, S.

Garrett, S. G. B.

S. G. B. Garrett, W. Kaiser, and W. L. Bond, Phys. Rev. 124, 1807 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Hare, J.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hayakawa, J.

M. Nogami, J. Hayakawa, and Y. Moriya, J. Mater. Sci. 17, 2845 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hill, S. C.

Hirao, K.

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 15, 1854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 3930, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, H.

S. Inoue, A. Makishima, H. Inoue, K. Soga, T. Konishi, and T. Asano, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 247, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, S.

S. Inoue, A. Makishima, H. Inoue, K. Soga, T. Konishi, and T. Asano, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 247, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jahier, E.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

S. G. B. Garrett, W. Kaiser, and W. L. Bond, Phys. Rev. 124, 1807 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Konishi, T.

S. Inoue, A. Makishima, H. Inoue, K. Soga, T. Konishi, and T. Asano, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 247, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, K.

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Proc. SPIE 3930, 170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lissillour, F.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Long, R.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Luo, L. G.

L. G. Luo, R. F. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 156, 275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Makishima, A.

S. Inoue, A. Makishima, H. Inoue, K. Soga, T. Konishi, and T. Asano, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 247, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 3930, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 15, 1854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moriya, Y.

M. Nogami, J. Hayakawa, and Y. Moriya, J. Mater. Sci. 17, 2845 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

M. Nogami, J. Hayakawa, and Y. Moriya, J. Mater. Sci. 17, 2845 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Owen, J. F.

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Peng, R. F.

L. G. Luo, R. F. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 156, 275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, J.-M.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

L. Boehm, R. Reisfeld, and N. Spector, J. Solid State Chem. 28, 75 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, S.

S. Shibata, T. Yano, and M. Yamane, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259, 87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Soga, K.

S. Inoue, A. Makishima, H. Inoue, K. Soga, T. Konishi, and T. Asano, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 247, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Spector, N.

L. Boehm, R. Reisfeld, and N. Spector, J. Solid State Chem. 28, 75 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Steÿn-Ross, M.

D. F. Wall, P. Zoller, and M. Steÿn-Ross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 380 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 15, 1854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

von Klitzing, W.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wall, D. F.

D. F. Wall, P. Zoller, and M. Steÿn-Ross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 380 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Yamane, M.

S. Shibata, T. Yano, and M. Yamane, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259, 87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yano, T.

S. Shibata, T. Yano, and M. Yamane, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259, 87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. S.

V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 3930, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yumoto, J.

Zoller, P.

D. F. Wall, P. Zoller, and M. Steÿn-Ross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 380 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. F. Wall, P. Zoller, and M. Steÿn-Ross, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 380 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

M. Nogami, J. Hayakawa, and Y. Moriya, J. Mater. Sci. 17, 2845 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. Lett. (1)

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 15, 1854 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

S. Shibata, T. Yano, and M. Yamane, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259, 87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Inoue, A. Makishima, H. Inoue, K. Soga, T. Konishi, and T. Asano, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 247, 1 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

L. Boehm, R. Reisfeld, and N. Spector, J. Solid State Chem. 28, 75 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. G. Luo, R. F. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 156, 275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

S. G. B. Garrett, W. Kaiser, and W. L. Bond, Phys. Rev. 124, 1807 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, Proc. SPIE 3930, 154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Proc. SPIE 3930, 170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. W. Barber and R. K. Chang, Optical Effect Associated with Small Particles (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Emission spectra of the G5/24H7/26 transition in Sm3+-doped bulk glass and a glass microsphere possessing the molar composition 70SiO215B2O315Na2O:2 mol.%Sm2O3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pump-power dependency of the intensities of resonance lines in WGM’s in a glass microsphere coupled without and with a glass prism.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical bistability of the stimulated emission lines of Sm3+ in a prism-coupled glass microsphere.

Equations (1)

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Δλ=λtan-1n1/n22-11/2xn2n1/n22-11/2,

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