Abstract

We report the observation of correlated photon pairs generated by spontaneous parametric downconversion of a 400-nm pump pulse in a quasi-phase-matched KTiOPO4 nonlinear waveguide. The highest ratio of coincidence to single-photon count rates observed near 800  nm exceeds 18%. This suggests that nonlinear waveguides will be a promising source of correlated photons for metrology and quantum information processing applications. We also discuss possibilities of controlling the spatial characteristics of the downconverted photons produced in multimode waveguide structures.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, eds., The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. G. Rarity, K. D. Ridley, and P. R. Tapster, Appl. Opt. 26, 4616 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Phys. Rev. A 48, R867 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Appl. Opt. 33, 1844 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Migdall, R. Datla, A. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Opt. 37, 3455 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. E. Anderson, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and J. D. Bierlein, Opt. Lett. 20, 620 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. K. Serkland, P. Kumar, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1497 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. B. U’Ren and I. A. Walmsley, in Digest of OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper ME2.
  10. P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. D. Bierlein, in Guided Wave Nonlinear Optics, D. B. Ostrowsky and R. Reinisch, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992), p. 49.
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. E. Keller and M. H. Rubin, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1534 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2001

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

D. K. Serkland, P. Kumar, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Keller and M. H. Rubin, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1534 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

1993

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Phys. Rev. A 48, R867 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987

Aichele, T.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, M. E.

Arbore, M. A.

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Becher, C.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beck, M.

Benson, O.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

M. E. Anderson, M. Beck, M. G. Raymer, and J. D. Bierlein, Opt. Lett. 20, 620 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, in Guided Wave Nonlinear Optics, D. B. Ostrowsky and R. Reinisch, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992), p. 49.
[CrossRef]

Bindloss, W.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bonfrate, G.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmeester, D.

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, eds., The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Branning, D.

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chiao, R. Y.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Appl. Opt. 33, 1844 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Phys. Rev. A 48, R867 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Datla, R.

de Micheli, M.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

de Riedmatten, H.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eberhard, P. H.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Appl. Opt. 33, 1844 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Phys. Rev. A 48, R867 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ekert, A.

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, eds., The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Gisin, N.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grice, W. P.

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, H.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hu, E.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawahara, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazansky, P. G.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Keller, T. E.

T. E. Keller and M. H. Rubin, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1534 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kiraz, A.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuga, T.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

Kwiat, P. G.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Appl. Opt. 33, 1844 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Phys. Rev. A 48, R867 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lvovsky, A. I.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Michler, P.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Migdall, A.

Migdall, A. L.

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Orszak, J. S.

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, M. D.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Appl. Opt. 33, 1844 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Phys. Rev. A 48, R867 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P. M.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pruneri, V.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J. G.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, K. D. Ridley, and P. R. Tapster, Appl. Opt. 26, 4616 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raymer, M. G.

Ridley, K. D.

Roelofs, M. G.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, M. H.

T. E. Keller and M. H. Rubin, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1534 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sanaka, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schiller, S.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schoenfeld, W. V.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sergienko, A.

Sergienko, A. V.

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Serkland, D. K.

Shih, Y. H.

Steinberg, A. M.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Appl. Opt. 33, 1844 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Phys. Rev. A 48, R867 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Suna, A.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P. R.

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U’Ren, A. B.

A. B. U’Ren and I. A. Walmsley, in Digest of OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper ME2.

Walmsley, I. A.

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. B. U’Ren and I. A. Walmsley, in Digest of OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper ME2.

Zeilinger, A.

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, eds., The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, P. Baldi, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Suna, W. Bindloss, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4999 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, Phys. Rev. A 48, R867 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Keller and M. H. Rubin, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1534 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. I. Lvovsky, H. Hansen, T. Aichele, O. Benson, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 050402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. B. U’Ren and I. A. Walmsley, in Digest of OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper ME2.

J. D. Bierlein, in Guided Wave Nonlinear Optics, D. B. Ostrowsky and R. Reinisch, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992), p. 49.
[CrossRef]

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, eds., The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for detecting correlated pairs of photons. BBO, β-barium borate crystal for second-harmonic generation; BF, blue filter; MO, microscope objective; WG, nonlinear waveguide; RF, red filter; RB, razor blade; SPCM, single-photon-counting module; λ/2, half-wave plate. The inset depicts the separation of the signal and trigger photons that is performed in the Fourier plane after the first prism.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase-matching functions for downconversion from the l=00 pump mode to several pairs of the signal and idler modes. The first-order quasi-phase-matched structure is assumed to have a period of 3.9375 μm and a length of 1.3  mm. All the parameters of the waveguide are taken from Ref.  15. For convenience, the frequency axes are labeled with the corresponding wavelengths.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Signal (Rs), Trigger (Rt), and Coincidence (Rc) Count Rates for Several Positions of the Fiber Tip, Labeled with the Central Wavelength λc Coupled to the Fibera

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

|ψlmn=dωsdωiαωs+ωi×Φlmnωs,ωia^mωsa^nωi|vac,

Metrics