Abstract

The generation of a spatially single-mode white-light supercontinuum has been observed in a photonic crystal fiber pumped with 60-ps pulses of subkilowatt peak power. The spectral broadening is identified as being due to the combined action of stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave-mixing generation, with a negligible contribution from the self-phase modulation of the pump pulses. The experimental results are in good agreement with detailed numerical simulations. These findings demonstrate that ultrafast femtosecond pulses are not needed for efficient supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. R. Alfano, ed., The Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 29, 862 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2000

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1993

T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 29, 862 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1712 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1976

C. Lin and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1964

N. Bloembergen and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 504 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Alfano, R. R.

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1712 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Atkin, D. M.

Baldeck, P. L.

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1712 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 504 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

Lin, C.

C. Lin and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Mori, K.

T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 29, 862 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 29, 862 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

Saruwatari, M.

T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 29, 862 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

N. Bloembergen and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 504 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A. J.

Stolen, R. H.

C. Lin and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, D.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Lin and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Morioka, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 29, 862 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1712 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. Bloembergen and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 504 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Science

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

R. R. Alfano, ed., The Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output spectra with a 10-m-long fiber and for input peak powers of (from bottom to top) P=120 W, P=225 W, and P=675 W.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase-matching diagram for the process ωp+ωpωs+ωas in our fiber for two values of the Kerr-induced phase shift, γP.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical spectra obtained with 30-ps pulses of 400-W peak power for propagation lengths of (from bottom to top) 40  cm, 1.3  m, and 2.6  m.

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