Abstract

Tunable mid-IR pulses in the range 13004200 cm-1 7.72.4 μm are generated through a phase-matched four-wave mixing process in ordinary mid-IR window materials such as CaF2 and BaF2. In this process the difference frequency ν3=2ν2-ν1 is generated from pump fields ν1 and ν2. The process can be phase matched to different frequencies by adjustment of the angle between the pump fields.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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2000

H. K. Nienhuys, R. A. van Santen, and H. J. Baker, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 8487 (2000).

R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 2086 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Cook and R. M. Hochstrasser, Opt. Lett. 25, 1210 (2000).

1999

V. Petrov, F. Rotermund, F. Noack, and P. Schunemann, Opt. Lett. 24, 414 (1999).

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Hamm, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 6123 (1998).

1997

1995

V. Petrov and F. Noack, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2214 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Okamoto and M. Tasumi, Opt. Commun. 121, 63 (1995).

1993

1964

1963

Backus, S.

Baker, H. J.

H. K. Nienhuys, R. A. van Santen, and H. J. Baker, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 8487 (2000).

Bakker, H. J.

U. Emmerichs, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1480 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bratos, S.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chudoba, C.

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cook, D. J.

Dunn, M. H.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C. G.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elsaesser, T.

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Emmerichs, U.

U. Emmerichs, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1480 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gale, G. M.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, and R. Sander, Opt. Lett. 22, 1253 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallot, G.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, and R. Sander, Opt. Lett. 22, 1253 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hache, F.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, and R. Sander, Opt. Lett. 22, 1253 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamm, P.

R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 2086 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Hamm, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 6123 (1998).

P. Hamm, C. Lauterwasser, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 18, 1943 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

D. J. Cook and R. M. Hochstrasser, Opt. Lett. 25, 1210 (2000).

P. Hamm, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 6123 (1998).

Kaindl, R. A.

R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 2086 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Lascoux, N.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lauterwasser, C.

Leickman, J.-C.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lim, M.

P. Hamm, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 6123 (1998).

Malitson, I. H.

Murnane, M. M.

Nibbering, E. T. J.

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nienhuys, H. K.

H. K. Nienhuys, R. A. van Santen, and H. J. Baker, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 8487 (2000).

Noack, F.

Okamoto, H.

H. Okamoto and M. Tasumi, Opt. Commun. 121, 63 (1995).

Petrov, V.

Reimann, K.

R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 2086 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Sander, R.

Schunemann, P.

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Tasumi, M.

H. Okamoto and M. Tasumi, Opt. Commun. 121, 63 (1995).

van Santen, R. A.

H. K. Nienhuys, R. A. van Santen, and H. J. Baker, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 8487 (2000).

Weiner, A. M.

R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 2086 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Woerner, M.

R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 2086 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Woutersen, S.

U. Emmerichs, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1480 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wurm, M.

R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 2086 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zinth, W.

Appl. Opt.

J. Chem. Phys.

H. K. Nienhuys, R. A. van Santen, and H. J. Baker, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 8487 (2000).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

R. A. Kaindl, M. Wurm, K. Reimann, P. Hamm, A. M. Weiner, and M. Woerner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 2086 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Emmerichs, S. Woutersen, and H. J. Bakker, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1480 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem. B

P. Hamm, M. Lim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 6123 (1998).

Opt. Commun.

H. Okamoto and M. Tasumi, Opt. Commun. 121, 63 (1995).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

G. M. Gale, G. Gallot, F. Hache, N. Lascoux, S. Bratos, and J.-C. Leickman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1068 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Chudoba, E. T. J. Nibbering, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, Science 286, 1513 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

P. I. Klocek, ed., Handbook of Infrared Optical Materials (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1991).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup for χ3 pulse generation. DMs, dichroic mirrors; M, M1, M2, mirrors; λ/2, half-wave plate; DS, delay stage; L1, L2, 2:1 telescope (BK7 glass); GC, generation crystal (4-mm CaF2 or BaF2). We used M1 and M2 to adjust the angle between the pump and the signal beams.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tuning curves for BaF2 and CaF2. Data points, experimental values, with the FWHM bandwidth as the vertical error bar. Curves, calculated tuning curves for ν˜1=12 400 cm-1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical spectra of the generated pulses in CaF2 and BaF2. The structure in the spectra at 1500 and 3700 cm-1 is caused by absorption lines of water vapor.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelate of pulses generated in CaF2 at 2580 cm-1 with a fit to a Gaussian pulse shape. SFG, sum frequency generation.

Equations (1)

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cosβ=4n22ν˜22-n12ν˜12-n32ν˜322n1n3ν˜1ν˜3,

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