Abstract

We show how to transform multiple real-time photorefractive solitons into permanent two-dimensional single-mode waveguides impressed into the crystalline lattice of the host material. We experimentally demonstrate two specific configurations of such fixed multiple waveguides: directional couplers and multiple beam splitters.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 706 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Elect. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Kos, H. Ming, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 475 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Taya, M. C. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 943 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 21, 716 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 53 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Luther-Davies and X. Yang, Opt. Lett. 17, 496 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 1145 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2101 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Klotz, H. Meng, M. Segev, and S. R. Montgomery, Opt. Lett. 24, 77 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, A. Agranat, and R. Della Pergola, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1954 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2001

J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2101 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Elect. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Luther-Davies and X. Yang, Opt. Lett. 17, 496 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agranat, A.

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, A. Agranat, and R. Della Pergola, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Anastassiou, C.

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2101 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 1145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bashaw, M. C.

Carvalho, M. I.

Chen, Z.

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2101 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 1145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 475 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 21, 716 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christodoulides, D. N.

Crosignani, B.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Elect. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Della Pergola, R.

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, A. Agranat, and R. Della Pergola, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DelRe, E.

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, A. Agranat, and R. Della Pergola, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 475 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Denz, C.

J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

DiPorto, P.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Elect. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duree, G.

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feigelson, R.

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fischer, B.

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giordmaine, J. A.

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2101 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 1145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iturbe-Castillo, M. D.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Klotz, M.

Kos, K.

K. Kos, H. Ming, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lan, S.

Lee, H.

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Marquez-Aguilar, P. A.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meng, H.

Ming, H.

K. Kos, H. Ming, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, M.

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 21, 716 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizell, G.

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2101 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 1145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, S. R.

Neurgaonkar, R.

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petter, J.

J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salamo, G.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kos, H. Ming, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Elect. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanchez-Mondragon, J. J.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2101 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 1145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, A. Agranat, and R. Della Pergola, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Klotz, H. Meng, M. Segev, and S. R. Montgomery, Opt. Lett. 24, 77 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 475 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kos, H. Ming, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 21, 716 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Taya, M. C. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 943 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Elect. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharp, E.

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, M.

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2101 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 1145 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, E. DelRe, Z. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 24, 475 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kos, H. Ming, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Elect. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shultz, J.

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stepanov, S.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tamburrini, M.

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, A. Agranat, and R. Della Pergola, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Taya, M.

Valley, G. C.

M. Taya, M. C. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Opt. Lett. 21, 943 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kos, H. Ming, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Opt. Lett. 21, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Elect. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vysloukh, V.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wilde, J.

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

Yariv, A.

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1978 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Lan, M. Shih, G. Mizell, J. A. Giordmaine, Z. Chen, C. Anastassiou, and M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2101 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Elect. Lett.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. DiPorto, Elect. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Opt. Soc. B

M. Shih, Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, H. Lee, R. Feigelson, and J. Wilde, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 3091 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. Petter and C. Denz, Opt. Commun. 188, 53 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. E

K. Kos, H. Ming, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Duree, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, and R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, M. Segev, A. Agranat, and R. Della Pergola, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Photograph both argon input beams on the entrance face and (b) vertical and (c) horizontal input profiles. (d) Photograph of the beams on the exit face with two fixed waveguides and (e) vertical and (f) horizontal exit profiles. (g) Photograph of the exit face with only the upper beam injected and (h) vertical and (i) horizontal exit profiles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Photographs of Ti:sapphire input beam on the entrance face injected into the lower waveguide and (b) vertical and (c) horizontal input profiles. (d) Photograph of the beams on the exit face with two fixed waveguides and (e) vertical and (f) horizontal exit profiles. (g) Photograph of the exit face with only the lower beam injected and only the lower waveguide fixed and (h) vertical and (i) horizontal exit profiles. ( j) Photograph of the exit face with only the upper beam injected and only the lower waveguide fixed and (k) vertical and (l) horizontal exit profiles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Three beam splitters (Y junctions) fixed simultaneously. Photographs and profiles of (a) Ti:sapphire input beams on the entrance face, (b) output soliton at the exit face before fixing, (c) output soliton at the exit face after fixing, (d) output soliton at the exit face with only the right input beam, and (e) output soliton at the exit face with only the left input beam.

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