Abstract

Nulling interferometry is a method of detecting a faint source near a bright one, in which destructive interference is realized for the light from the bright source. A nulling interferometer that makes use of geometric phase (Pancharatnam phase) is proposed. An experimental setup is constructed to simulate a stellar interferometer with geometric-phase modulation. We attained extinction of 6×10-5 in white light.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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2001

P. Hariharan and P. E. Ciddor, J. Mod. Opt. 48, 15 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Wallace, G. Hardy, and E. Serabyn, Nature 406, 700 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1998

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

N. Baba and K. Shibayama, Opt. Rev. 4, 593 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

W. J. Tango and J. Davis, Appl. Opt. 35, 621 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 322, 265 (1996).

1995

P. Hariharan and P. E. Ciddor, Opt. Commun. 117, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

P. Hariharan, K. G. Larkin, and M. Roy, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 663 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Hariharan and M. Roy, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

M. Shao and M. M. Colavita, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 30, 457 (1992).

1991

M. Shao, Proc. SPIE 1494, 347 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

D. Mékarnia and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 238, 469 (1990).

1987

M. V. Berry, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1978

R. N. Bracewell, Nature 274, 780 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1956

S. Pancharatnam, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. A 44, 247 (1956).

Angel, J. R. P.

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baba, N.

N. Baba and K. Shibayama, Opt. Rev. 4, 593 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bokhove, H.

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Braat, J. J.

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bracewell, R. N.

R. N. Bracewell, Nature 274, 780 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Burge, J. H.

R. M. Morgen and J. H. Burge, Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 194, 396 (1999).

Cheselka, M.

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ciddor, P. E.

P. Hariharan and P. E. Ciddor, J. Mod. Opt. 48, 15 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Hariharan and P. E. Ciddor, Opt. Commun. 117, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Colavita, M. M.

M. Shao and M. M. Colavita, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 30, 457 (1992).

Davis, J.

Gay, J.

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 322, 265 (1996).

D. Mékarnia and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 238, 469 (1990).

Hardy, G.

K. Wallace, G. Hardy, and E. Serabyn, Nature 406, 700 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hardy, G. J.

Hariharan, P.

P. Hariharan and P. E. Ciddor, J. Mod. Opt. 48, 15 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Hariharan and P. E. Ciddor, Opt. Commun. 117, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Hariharan and M. Roy, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Hariharan, K. G. Larkin, and M. Roy, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 663 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hinz, P. M.

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, W. F.

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hora, J. L.

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Larkin, K. G.

P. Hariharan, K. G. Larkin, and M. Roy, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 663 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McCarthy, Jr., D. W.

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McGuire, P. C.

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mékarnia, D.

D. Mékarnia and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 238, 469 (1990).

Mieremet, A. L.

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morgen, R. M.

R. M. Morgen and J. H. Burge, Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 194, 396 (1999).

Nguyen, H. T.

Pancharatnam, S.

S. Pancharatnam, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. A 44, 247 (1956).

Rabbia, Y.

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 322, 265 (1996).

Ravel, K.

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roy, M.

P. Hariharan, K. G. Larkin, and M. Roy, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 663 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Hariharan and M. Roy, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schmidtlin, E. G. H.

Serabyn, E.

Shao, M.

M. Shao and M. M. Colavita, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 30, 457 (1992).

M. Shao, Proc. SPIE 1494, 347 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shibayama, K.

N. Baba and K. Shibayama, Opt. Rev. 4, 593 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tango, W. J.

Wallace, J. K.

Wallace, K.

K. Wallace, G. Hardy, and E. Serabyn, Nature 406, 700 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woolf, N. J.

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys.

M. Shao and M. M. Colavita, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 30, 457 (1992).

Appl. Opt.

Astron. Astrophys.

D. Mékarnia and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 238, 469 (1990).

Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser.

R. M. Morgen and J. H. Burge, Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 194, 396 (1999).

C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 322, 265 (1996).

J. Mod. Opt.

P. Hariharan and P. E. Ciddor, J. Mod. Opt. 48, 15 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Berry, J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Hariharan, K. G. Larkin, and M. Roy, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 663 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Hariharan and M. Roy, J. Mod. Opt. 41, 2197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nature

P. M. Hinz, J. R. P. Angel, W. F. Hoffmann, D. W. McCarthy, Jr., P. C. McGuire, M. Cheselka, J. L. Hora, and N. J. Woolf, Nature 395, 251 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Wallace, G. Hardy, and E. Serabyn, Nature 406, 700 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. N. Bracewell, Nature 274, 780 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

P. Hariharan and P. E. Ciddor, Opt. Commun. 117, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Rev.

N. Baba and K. Shibayama, Opt. Rev. 4, 593 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. A

S. Pancharatnam, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. A 44, 247 (1956).

Proc. SPIE

M. Shao, Proc. SPIE 1494, 347 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Mieremet, J. J. Braat, H. Bokhove, and K. Ravel, Proc. SPIE 4006, 1035 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Stellar interferometer with a geometric-phase shifter. The light from a star (solid lines) and its planet (dashed lines) is captured with two separate telescopes. There is an OPD for the light from the planet. The light from the star interferes destructively by virtue of geometric π-phase shift. See text for definitions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for simulating the stellar interferometer with a geometric-phase shifter (shown in Fig.  1). Xenon and halogen lamps are used to simulate light from a star and its planet, respectively. An OPD between the p- and s-polarized beams of the halogen lamp simulates the beam from a planet. See text for definitions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Detected beam spots in (a) constructive interference and (b) destructive interference modes for the xenon beam. Only the xenon beam spot is detected in (a), since a neutral-density filter with intensity transmittance of 10-4 is inserted. In (b) a fainter spot shows the beam from the halogen lamp. Extinction of 6×10-5 is achieved in white light for the xenon beam.

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