Abstract

A focused carbon dioxide laser beam is used to microstructure fibers that have already been narrowed by conventional fiber tapering. We describe three new miniature devices made with this technique: a fused fiber microcoupler with an interaction length of 200 μm, a long-period grating made from a periodic chain of microtapers, and a new type of prolate whispering-gallery mode microcavity.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles, J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4804 (1996).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and T. E. Dimmick, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles, J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, K. P. Oakley, and C. D. Hussey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2034 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

C. Caspar and E.-J. Bachus, Electron. Lett. 25, 1506 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

J. D. Love and W. M. Henry, Electron. Lett. 22, 912 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

F. P. Payne, C. D. Hussey, and M. S. Yataki, Electron. Lett. 21, 461 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Mortimore, Electron. Lett. 21, 742 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

1974 (1)

Bachus, E.-J.

C. Caspar and E.-J. Bachus, Electron. Lett. 25, 1506 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and T. E. Dimmick, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Dimmick, G. Kakarantzas, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Appl. Opt. 38, 6845 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, C. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Lett. 22, 1129 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, K. P. Oakley, and C. D. Hussey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2034 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cai, M.

M. Cai, G. Hunziker, and K. Vahala, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 686 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Caspar, C.

C. Caspar and E.-J. Bachus, Electron. Lett. 25, 1506 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

C.-H. Huang, H. Luo, S. Xu, and P. Chen, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper TuH2-1.

Cheung, C.

Dimmick, T. E.

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and T. E. Dimmick, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Dimmick, G. Kakarantzas, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Appl. Opt. 38, 6845 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

Henry, W. M.

J. D. Love and W. M. Henry, Electron. Lett. 22, 912 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-H.

C.-H. Huang, H. Luo, S. Xu, and P. Chen, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper TuH2-1.

Hunziker, G.

M. Cai, G. Hunziker, and K. Vahala, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 686 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hussey, C. D.

T. A. Birks, K. P. Oakley, and C. D. Hussey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2034 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. P. Payne, C. D. Hussey, and M. S. Yataki, Electron. Lett. 21, 461 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, I. K.

Jacques, F.

Kakarantzas, G.

Kim, B. Y.

Knight, J. C.

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and T. E. Dimmick, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, C. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Lett. 22, 1129 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lefèvre-Seguin, V.

V. Lefèvre-Seguin, Opt. Mater. 11, 153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. W.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love and W. M. Henry, Electron. Lett. 22, 912 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

C.-H. Huang, H. Luo, S. Xu, and P. Chen, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper TuH2-1.

Meester, J. P.

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Miles, M. J.

R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles, J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mortimore, D. B.

D. B. Mortimore, Electron. Lett. 21, 742 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Oakley, K. P.

T. A. Birks, K. P. Oakley, and C. D. Hussey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2034 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U. C.

Payne, F. P.

F. P. Payne, C. D. Hussey, and M. S. Yataki, Electron. Lett. 21, 461 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Sasaki, Y.

H. Yokota, E. Sugai, and Y. Sasaki, Opt. Rev. 4, 104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sugai, E.

H. Yokota, E. Sugai, and Y. Sasaki, Opt. Rev. 4, 104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suzaki, Y.

Tachibana, A.

Vahala, K.

M. Cai, G. Hunziker, and K. Vahala, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 686 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Williamson, R. L.

R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles, J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

C.-H. Huang, H. Luo, S. Xu, and P. Chen, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper TuH2-1.

Yataki, M. S.

F. P. Payne, C. D. Hussey, and M. S. Yataki, Electron. Lett. 21, 461 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, H.

H. Yokota, E. Sugai, and Y. Sasaki, Opt. Rev. 4, 104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Electron. Lett. (6)

C. D. Poole, H. M. Presby, and J. P. Meester, Electron. Lett. 30, 1437 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. P. Payne, C. D. Hussey, and M. S. Yataki, Electron. Lett. 21, 461 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Love and W. M. Henry, Electron. Lett. 22, 912 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Caspar and E.-J. Bachus, Electron. Lett. 25, 1506 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, K. P. Oakley, and C. D. Hussey, Electron. Lett. 28, 2034 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Mortimore, Electron. Lett. 21, 742 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Cai, G. Hunziker, and K. Vahala, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 686 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. L. Williamson and M. J. Miles, J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

V. Lefèvre-Seguin, Opt. Mater. 11, 153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Rev. (1)

H. Yokota, E. Sugai, and Y. Sasaki, Opt. Rev. 4, 104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and T. E. Dimmick, Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

C.-H. Huang, H. Luo, S. Xu, and P. Chen, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper TuH2-1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical micrograph of a microcoupler. The tapered fibers were both 15 μm in diameter before fusion.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power in the through (solid curve) and coupled (broken curve) outputs of the microcoupler as it was being fused. The source wavelength was 1550  nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical micrograph of four periods of a micro-taper-based LPG. The fiber diameter varies periodically from 15 to 10 μm. The inset shows a single bulge, which can also behave as as prolate WGM microcavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectra of the LPG near 1550  nm for 35  periods (broken curve) and near 1620  nm for 55 periods (solid curve).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectra of the second (top) and third (bottom) tapered output fibers in contact with a prolate WGM microcavity (see the text).

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