Abstract

We demonstrate a cw doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator that is frequency doubled in an external resonant cavity to the visible spectral range. We obtained single-frequency radiation in the range 565–590  nm with as much as 3.8  mW of power, which is continuously tunable over an 18-GHz range and step tunable over 160  GHz. The source is well suited for high-resolution spectroscopy in the visible region. As a demonstration, we performed persistent hyperfine spectral hole-burning spectroscopy of Eu3+:Y2SiO5. Reliable operation of the source permitted studies of the hole’s lifetime over several hours.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, and D. H. Lee, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. B 9, 173 (1997).
  2. S. Schiller and J. Mlynek, eds., Special Issue on OPOs, Appl. Phys. B66(6) (1998).
  3. G. M. Gibson, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, Opt. Lett. 23, 40 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 741 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsky, A. Lvovsky, A. Peters, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Fakultät Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany, have submitted a paper entitled “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator” to Opt. Lett.
  6. F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. R. Bosenberg, J. I. Alexander, and R. W. Wallace, Opt. Lett. 23, 207 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S.-I. Ohshima, Opt. Commun. 184, 13 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Bruchmeier, K. Schneider, H. Hansen, M. Schalke, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 64, 203 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. Cone, and R. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S.-I. Ohshima, Opt. Commun. 184, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

G. M. Gibson, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, Opt. Lett. 23, 40 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, J. I. Alexander, and R. W. Wallace, Opt. Lett. 23, 207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, and D. H. Lee, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. B 9, 173 (1997).

R. Bruchmeier, K. Schneider, H. Hansen, M. Schalke, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 64, 203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. Cone, and R. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, J. I.

Al-Tahtamouni, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bencheikh, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, and D. H. Lee, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. B 9, 173 (1997).

Bosenberg, W. R.

Bruchmeier, R.

R. Bruchmeier, K. Schneider, H. Hansen, M. Schalke, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 64, 203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Colville, F. G.

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cone, R.

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. Cone, and R. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dekorsky, D.

E. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsky, A. Lvovsky, A. Peters, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Fakultät Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany, have submitted a paper entitled “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator” to Opt. Lett.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Equall, R. W.

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. Cone, and R. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, G. M.

Hansen, H.

R. Bruchmeier, K. Schneider, H. Hansen, M. Schalke, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 64, 203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, T.

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S.-I. Ohshima, Opt. Commun. 184, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kovalchuk, E.

E. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsky, A. Lvovsky, A. Peters, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Fakultät Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany, have submitted a paper entitled “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator” to Opt. Lett.

Kuhnemann, F.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lang, M.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. H.

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, and D. H. Lee, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. B 9, 173 (1997).

Lvovsky, A.

E. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsky, A. Lvovsky, A. Peters, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Fakultät Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany, have submitted a paper entitled “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator” to Opt. Lett.

Macfarlane, R.

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. Cone, and R. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mlynek, J.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Bruchmeier, K. Schneider, H. Hansen, M. Schalke, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 64, 203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsky, A. Lvovsky, A. Peters, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Fakultät Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany, have submitted a paper entitled “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator” to Opt. Lett.

Ohshima, S.-I.

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S.-I. Ohshima, Opt. Commun. 184, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

Peters, A.

E. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsky, A. Lvovsky, A. Peters, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Fakultät Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany, have submitted a paper entitled “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator” to Opt. Lett.

Schalke, M.

R. Bruchmeier, K. Schneider, H. Hansen, M. Schalke, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 64, 203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scheidt, M.

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, and D. H. Lee, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. B 9, 173 (1997).

Schiller, S.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Bruchmeier, K. Schneider, H. Hansen, M. Schalke, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 64, 203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsky, A. Lvovsky, A. Peters, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Fakultät Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany, have submitted a paper entitled “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator” to Opt. Lett.

Schneider, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Bruchmeier, K. Schneider, H. Hansen, M. Schalke, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 64, 203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Slyusarev, S.

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S.-I. Ohshima, Opt. Commun. 184, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Storz, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. Cone, and R. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallace, R. W.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Bruchmeier, K. Schneider, H. Hansen, M. Schalke, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 64, 203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Eur. Opt. Soc. B (1)

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, and D. H. Lee, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. B 9, 173 (1997).

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Ikegami, S. Slyusarev, and S.-I. Ohshima, Opt. Commun. 184, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. W. Equall, Y. Sun, R. Cone, and R. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

S. Schiller and J. Mlynek, eds., Special Issue on OPOs, Appl. Phys. B66(6) (1998).

E. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsky, A. Lvovsky, A. Peters, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Fakultät Physik, Universität Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany, have submitted a paper entitled “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator” to Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the all-solid-state yellow source.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power and frequency stability of the DRO over a 10-h period. The resolution (100  MHz) of the wavemeter is less than the laser frequency drift over this period but greater than the intermode spacing (4.2  GHz).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sequential stepping of the DRO axial mode in small incremental dc offsets on the DRO cavity PZT. As many as 20 adjacent modes can be locked in this manner, giving a smooth tuning range of 80  GHz at 1160  nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

OPO spectroscopy of the D05F07 transition of Eu3+:Y2SiO5 at 4  K. Inset, resultant spectral holes and antiholes burned into the center of the inhomogeneously broadened transition of site 1 from a single-second-long write beam.

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