Abstract

We present experiments in the time and frequency domains aimed at confirming the measured mutual phase coherence of time-delayed, collinear harmonic pulses. We show that pairs of phase-locked harmonic pulses of medium order can be generated for peak intensities up to 1.5 1014 W/cm2 in xenon, demonstrating the possibility of performing high-resolution spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet with Ramsey-like techniques.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Errata

M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, C. Corsi, and M. Materazzi, "Phase-locked, time-delayed, harmonic pulses for high spectral resolution in the extreme ultraviolet: errata," Opt. Lett. 26, 1729-1729 (2001)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-26-21-1729

References

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  1. P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, P. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. P. Haberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wackerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1905 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Bellini, A. Bartoli, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 22, 540 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. Blanchet, C. Nicole, M.-A. Bouchene, and B. Girard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2716 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Cavalieri, M. Materazzi, R. Eramo, L. Fini, and A. Giugni, Opt. Commun. 182, 161 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2000

S. Cavalieri, M. Materazzi, R. Eramo, L. Fini, and A. Giugni, Opt. Commun. 182, 161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, P. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

V. Blanchet, C. Nicole, M.-A. Bouchene, and B. Girard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, A. Bartoli, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 22, 540 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

A. P. Haberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989

Antoine, P.

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, P. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Auguste, T.

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bartoli, A.

Baumberg, J. J.

A. P. Haberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bellini, M.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, A. Bartoli, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 22, 540 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blanchet, V.

V. Blanchet, C. Nicole, M.-A. Bouchene, and B. Girard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bouchene, M.-A.

V. Blanchet, C. Nicole, M.-A. Bouchene, and B. Girard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Campo, D.

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carré, B.

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cavalieri, S.

S. Cavalieri, M. Materazzi, R. Eramo, L. Fini, and A. Giugni, Opt. Commun. 182, 161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

d’Oliveira, P.

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eramo, R.

S. Cavalieri, M. Materazzi, R. Eramo, L. Fini, and A. Giugni, Opt. Commun. 182, 161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fayer, M. D.

Fini, L.

S. Cavalieri, M. Materazzi, R. Eramo, L. Fini, and A. Giugni, Opt. Commun. 182, 161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fourkas, J. T.

Frost, A. E.

Gaarde, M. B.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Girard, B.

V. Blanchet, C. Nicole, M.-A. Bouchene, and B. Girard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Giugni, A.

S. Cavalieri, M. Materazzi, R. Eramo, L. Fini, and A. Giugni, Opt. Commun. 182, 161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Haberle, A. P.

A. P. Haberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, A. Bartoli, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 22, 540 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hergott, J.-F.

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, K.

A. P. Haberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, P. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Le Déroff, P. L.

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, P. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lyngå, C.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Materazzi, M.

S. Cavalieri, M. Materazzi, R. Eramo, L. Fini, and A. Giugni, Opt. Commun. 182, 161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Merdji, H.

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monot, P.

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nicole, C.

V. Blanchet, C. Nicole, M.-A. Bouchene, and B. Girard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Salières, P.

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, P. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tozzi, A.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wackerle, G.

Wahlström, C.-G.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, W. L.

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, P. Antoine, and M. Lewenstein, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 83 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

S. Cavalieri, M. Materazzi, R. Eramo, L. Fini, and A. Giugni, Opt. Commun. 182, 161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M. B. Gaarde, T. W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. Wahlström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Blanchet, C. Nicole, M.-A. Bouchene, and B. Girard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, P. L. Le Déroff, T. Auguste, P. Monot, P. d’Oliveira, D. Campo, J.-F. Hergott, H. Merdji, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5483 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Haberle, J. J. Baumberg, and K. Kohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental measurements of the two-pulse, time-integrated intensity Iτ,ωsωmax versus time delay τ for (a) the fifth harmonic at τ0, (b) the fifth harmonic at τ750 fs, (c) the seventh harmonic at τ750 fs, (d) the ninth harmonic at τ400 fs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental fringe contrast for the fifth (squares), the seventh (diamonds), and the ninth (triangles) harmonics. Solid curves, best overall fit to the data, corresponding to ΔλFWHM=0.02 nm. Dashed curve, fringe contrast for the fifth harmonic, corresponding to the manufacturer’s value of ΔλFWHM=0.056 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Two-pulse spectra of the fifth harmonic at (a) τ390 fs and (b) τ690 fs. The spectrum of the seventh harmonic at τ380 fs is shown in (c). The solid curves come from expression (4), with Fτ derived from the fit presented in Fig.  2.

Equations (2)

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Et=E0t+E0t+τexp-inωLτexp-inωLt.
Iωs,τE˜0ωs-nωL21+F˜τcosωsτ,

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