Abstract

We show that a frequency-resolved optical gating device using (1) a thick nonlinear crystal to replace the usual thin crystal and spectrometer and (2) a Fresnel biprism to replace the beam splitter and delay line yields a remarkably simple single-shot ultrashort-pulse intensity-and-phase measurement device with no sensitive alignment parameters and significantly greater sensitivity.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. O’Shea, M. W. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, Opt. Express 7, 342 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Hecht, in Optics, 3rd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1998), p. 391.
  4. C. Radzewicz, P. Wasylczyk, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 186, 329 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. C. Tien, S. Kane, J. Squier, B. Kohler, and K. Wilson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1160 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (2)

P. O’Shea, M. W. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, Opt. Express 7, 342 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Radzewicz, P. Wasylczyk, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 186, 329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Hecht, E.

E. Hecht, in Optics, 3rd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1998), p. 391.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kane, S.

Kimmel, M. W.

Kohler, B.

Krasinski, J. S.

C. Radzewicz, P. Wasylczyk, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 186, 329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krumbügel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O’Shea, P.

Radzewicz, C.

C. Radzewicz, P. Wasylczyk, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 186, 329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tien, A. C.

Trebino, R.

P. O’Shea, M. W. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, Opt. Express 7, 342 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wasylczyk, P.

C. Radzewicz, P. Wasylczyk, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 186, 329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Radzewicz, P. Wasylczyk, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 186, 329 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. Hecht, in Optics, 3rd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1998), p. 391.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

GRENOUILLE uses a Fresnel biprism to replace the beam splitter, delay line, and beam-recombining optics. It also utilizes a thick SHG crystal that acts as both the nonlinear optical time-gating element and the spectrometer. A full single-shot SHG FROG trace of intensity versus delay (horizontal) and frequency (vertical) results.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Side and top views of the GRENOUILLE beam geometry of Fig.  1. Convenient focal lengths are shown for the two final cylindrical lenses (f and f/2). Note that the beam becomes a vertical line just before the camera, a convenient place for a slit to filter out any extraneous beams, ensuring a good signal-to-noise ratio.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparisons of GRENOUILLE and (multishot) FROG measurements of test pulses. (a) Measured and (b) retrieved GRENOUILLE traces for a chirped pulse; (c) measured and (d) retrieved FROG traces for the same chirped pulse; (e) retrieved intensities (solid curves) and (f) phases (dashed curves) for the time and frequency domains, respectively; (g)–(l) same as (a)–(f) but for a much more complicated double-chirped pulse of two highly chirped pulses separated by one pulse width.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

GVM×Lτp,
GVD×Lτc,
GVDτp/τcτp/LGVM.
GVM/GVDTBP,

Metrics