Abstract

Beamlike twin-photon generation by use of type II spontaneous parametric downconversion is demonstrated. The intensity distribution of each beam is round, and the emission angle is very small (0.9°). As a result, a high coincidence-count rate per unit of pump power was recorded. The ratio of coincidence-count rate to single-count rate was estimated to be 80% in this experiment. These features suggest that this method is useful for generation of a single-photon state and is applicable to bright, entangled twin-photon sources.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, Phys. Rev. 47, 777 (1935).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 390, 575 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Boschi, S. Branca, F. De Martini, L. Hardy, and S. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5039 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2044 (1987).
  9. H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, http://xxx.lanl.gov.abs/quantu-ph/9803056 .
  10. T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, D. N. Klyshko, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 53, 2804 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. V. Sergienko, Y. H. Shih, and M. H. Rubin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 859 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. These narrow bandwidths will be used for future interference experiments.
  14. P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. It is because the size of the spot did not change when another filter of 1.0-nm FWHM was used.
  16. C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Pauda, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2267 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Takeuchi, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032301 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Takeuchi, Phys. Rev. A 61, 052302 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2000

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Takeuchi, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032301 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, Phys. Rev. A 61, 052302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Pauda, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2267 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Boschi, S. Branca, F. De Martini, L. Hardy, and S. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, D. N. Klyshko, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 53, 2804 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sergienko, Y. H. Shih, and M. H. Rubin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1987

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2044 (1987).

1935

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, Phys. Rev. 47, 777 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Appelbaum, I.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bechmann-Pasquinucci, H.

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Berglund, A. J.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boschi, D.

D. Boschi, S. Branca, F. De Martini, L. Hardy, and S. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmeester, D.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Branca, S.

D. Boschi, S. Branca, F. De Martini, L. Hardy, and S. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brendel, J.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Briegel, H. J.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, http://xxx.lanl.gov.abs/quantu-ph/9803056 .

Cirac, J. I.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, http://xxx.lanl.gov.abs/quantu-ph/9803056 .

De Martini, F.

D. Boschi, S. Branca, F. De Martini, L. Hardy, and S. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dür, W.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, http://xxx.lanl.gov.abs/quantu-ph/9803056 .

Eberhard, P. H.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eibl, M.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Einstein, A.

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, Phys. Rev. 47, 777 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, L.

D. Boschi, S. Branca, F. De Martini, L. Hardy, and S. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hogue, H. H.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2044 (1987).

Jennewein, T.

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Klyshko, D. N.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, D. N. Klyshko, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 53, 2804 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwiat, P. G.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandel, L.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2044 (1987).

Mattle, K.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monken, C. H.

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Pauda, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2267 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Naik, D. S.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ou, Z. Y.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2044 (1987).

Pan, J. W.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pauda, S.

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Pauda, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2267 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, C. G.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, D. N. Klyshko, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 53, 2804 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Podolsky, B.

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, Phys. Rev. 47, 777 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Popescu, S.

D. Boschi, S. Branca, F. De Martini, L. Hardy, and S. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ribeiro, P. H. S.

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Pauda, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2267 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rosen, N.

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, Phys. Rev. 47, 777 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, M. H.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, D. N. Klyshko, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 53, 2804 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sergienko, Y. H. Shih, and M. H. Rubin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A. V.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, D. N. Klyshko, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 53, 2804 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sergienko, Y. H. Shih, and M. H. Rubin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, Y.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, Y. H.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, D. N. Klyshko, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 53, 2804 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sergienko, Y. H. Shih, and M. H. Rubin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Simon, C.

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strekalov, D. V.

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, D. N. Klyshko, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 53, 2804 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takeuchi, S.

S. Takeuchi, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032301 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, Phys. Rev. A 61, 052302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weihs, G.

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, A. G.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, http://xxx.lanl.gov.abs/quantu-ph/9803056 .

Appl. Phys. B

H. Zbinden, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. Gisin, and G. Ribordy, Appl. Phys. B 67, 743 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1063 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. Takeuchi, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 902 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature (London)

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, Phys. Rev. 47, 777 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Pauda, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2267 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2044 (1987).

S. Takeuchi, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032301 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi, Phys. Rev. A 61, 052302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, D. N. Klyshko, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 53, 2804 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Boschi, S. Branca, F. De Martini, L. Hardy, and S. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jennewein, C. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, http://xxx.lanl.gov.abs/quantu-ph/9803056 .

These narrow bandwidths will be used for future interference experiments.

It is because the size of the spot did not change when another filter of 1.0-nm FWHM was used.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the tuning curves given in Ref.  8. The dashed curve indicates the idler beam, and the solid curve indicates the signal beam. The insets are images of the parametric fluorescence: (a) collinear condition, (b) angle ψ between the pump-beam direction and the crystal axis is increased, (c) ψ is decreased, (d) condition for twin-beam generation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup: UVCF, ultraviolet-light-cutting filter; VisCF, visible-light-cutting filter; NBF, narrow-band filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Image of parametric fluorescence observed with a Peltier-cooled CCD camera. The intensity distribution of the image is shown on the right-hand side.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Solid curves, single-count rates of photon detector A; Δψ, tilting angle of the BBO crystal defined in the text; filled circles, coincidence counts of photon detectors A and B when the position of iris A at Δψ=-1.83° is changed. These data were obtained when the iris position in mode A was changed. Note that no iris was inserted in mode B. See the text for a detailed explanation.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ωp=ωe+ωo,kp=ke+ko
α=NccηatAldλNAηAηBtAλtBλ0-λdλ,

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