Abstract

The laser performance of highly neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) crystals is reported. In cw laser-diode pumping, a slope efficiency of 54% was achieved for a 2-at.  %-doped sample, which was comparable with the slope efficiency of 55% of YVO4. The crystal also exhibited a slope efficiency of 64% under pulsed Ti:sapphire pumping. Such a high efficiency suggests a total cavity loss of 1%, which is as low as that of commercially available 1-at.  % YAG crystal. The excellent performance of the neodymium-doped YAG crystals indicates their high optical quality.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals, Vol. 14 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).
  2. P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, and S. Singh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Ikesue and K. Yoshida, J. Mater. Sci. 34, 1189 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Zhou, J. Cryst. Growth 78, 31 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Deng, J. Qiao, B. Hu, Y. Zhou, and M. Zhang, J. Cryst. Growth 92, 276 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (3)

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. Ikesue and K. Yoshida, J. Mater. Sci. 34, 1189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, and S. Singh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

P. Deng, J. Qiao, B. Hu, Y. Zhou, and M. Zhang, J. Cryst. Growth 92, 276 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Y. Zhou, J. Cryst. Growth 78, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bruce, A.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Deng, P.

P. Deng, J. Qiao, B. Hu, Y. Zhou, and M. Zhang, J. Cryst. Growth 92, 276 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gavrilovic, P.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, and S. Singh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Grodkiewicz, W. H.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B.

P. Deng, J. Qiao, B. Hu, Y. Zhou, and M. Zhang, J. Cryst. Growth 92, 276 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ikesue, A.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue and K. Yoshida, J. Mater. Sci. 34, 1189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals, Vol. 14 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).

Kurimura, S.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, A.

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meehan, K.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, and S. Singh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

O’Neill, M. S.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, and S. Singh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Prabhu, M.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, J.

P. Deng, J. Qiao, B. Hu, Y. Zhou, and M. Zhang, J. Cryst. Growth 92, 276 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, I.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, and S. Singh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. E.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikesue and K. Yoshida, J. Mater. Sci. 34, 1189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zarrabi, J. H.

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, and S. Singh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M.

P. Deng, J. Qiao, B. Hu, Y. Zhou, and M. Zhang, J. Cryst. Growth 92, 276 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

P. Deng, J. Qiao, B. Hu, Y. Zhou, and M. Zhang, J. Cryst. Growth 92, 276 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, J. Cryst. Growth 78, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, Appl. Phys. B 71, 469 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, K. Meehan, J. H. Zarrabi, and S. Singh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1652 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Gavrilovic, M. S. O’Neill, J. H. Zarrabi, S. Singh, J. E. Williams, W. H. Grodkiewicz, and A. Bruce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, S. Kurimura, Y. Sato, T. Taira, A. Ikesue, and K. Yoshida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

Y. Zhou, J. Cryst. Growth 78, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Deng, J. Qiao, B. Hu, Y. Zhou, and M. Zhang, J. Cryst. Growth 92, 276 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

A. Ikesue and K. Yoshida, J. Mater. Sci. 34, 1189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. Lupei and A. Lupei, Phys. Rev. B 61, 8087 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals, Vol. 14 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of four samples at 800 nm. Highly doped samples are represented by solid curves, and commercial products are represented by dashed curves.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time decay of fluorescence intensities of each sample.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Lasing properties of YAG crystals pumped with a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Lasing properties in the cw LD-pumped scheme.

Equations (1)

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η=0.76T/T+L,

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