Abstract

We present a novel scheme for simultaneous measurement of temperature and refractive index by use of a single sampled fiber Bragg grating (SFBG). The intrinsic nature of a SFBG that possesses both fiber Bragg grating and long-period grating spectral responses permits the temperature effect to the measured solely from the former, whereas the refractive-index information is extracted from the latter. Using such a dual-parameter sensor, we successfully demonstrated measurement of the dependence on temperature of the refractive index of an aqueous solution of sucrose.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. J. Patrick, A. D. Kersey, and F. Bucholtz, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1606 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Shu, X. Zhu, S. Jiang, W. Shi, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 35, 1580 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1373 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. C. Weast, ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 61st ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1981).

2000

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Shu, X. Zhu, S. Jiang, W. Shi, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 35, 1580 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Askins, C. G.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Everall, L.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B. O.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

X. Shu, X. Zhu, S. Jiang, W. Shi, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 35, 1580 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

X. Shu, X. Zhu, S. Jiang, W. Shi, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 35, 1580 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

H. J. Patrick, A. D. Kersey, and F. Bucholtz, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1606 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K. P.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krug, P. A.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

LeBlanc, M.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Patrick, H. J.

H. J. Patrick, A. D. Kersey, and F. Bucholtz, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1606 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poladian, L.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Putnam, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

X. Shu, X. Zhu, S. Jiang, W. Shi, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 35, 1580 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shu, X.

X. Shu, X. Zhu, S. Jiang, W. Shi, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 35, 1580 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. M.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. A. R.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

X. Shu, X. Zhu, S. Jiang, W. Shi, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 35, 1580 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

X. Shu, X. Zhu, S. Jiang, W. Shi, and D. Huang, Electron. Lett. 35, 1580 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1373 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Patrick, A. D. Kersey, and F. Bucholtz, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1606 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. C. Weast, ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 61st ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1981).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Responses of the resonances of the SFBG to temperature. (a) Transmission spectra measured at 10 and 60 °C. (b) Dependence of the wavelength shift on temperature for both FBG resonance and LPG resonance of the SFBG.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Responses of the resonances of the SFBG to the SRI. (a) Transmission spectra measured at various SRI values. (b) Dependence of the wavelength shift on SRI for both the FBG resonance and the LPG resonance of the SFBG.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of the refractive index of an aqueous solution of sucrose (50% by weight) with temperature.

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