Abstract

Long-period gratings were fabricated in standard telecommunication fiber (Corning SMF-28) by use of what is believed to be record short-wavelength light from a 157-nm F2 laser. Strong loss peaks were formed without the need for enhancement techniques such as hydrogen loading. The magnitude of the attenuation peak was sensitive to the single-pulse laser fluence, decreasing with increasing pulse fluence as a result of nonuniform 157-nm laser interaction with both the fiber cladding and core. The long-period fiber gratings have good wavelength stability Δλ7 nm under thermal annealing at 150 °C.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. R. Herman and K. Beckley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CTuN3.
  4. P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, P. Corkum, A. Naumov, S. Ng, and J. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4088, 345 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, R. Tam, and J. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 36, 2000 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Hosono, M. Mizuguchi, L. Skuja, and T. Ogawa, Opt. Lett. 24, 1549 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Nishii, N. Kitamura, H. Yamanaka, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, Opt. Lett. 20, 1184 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. M. Vengsakar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Kondo, K. Nouchi, T. Mitsuyu, M. Watanabe, P. G. Kazansky, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 646 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2000

P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, P. Corkum, A. Naumov, S. Ng, and J. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4088, 345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, R. Tam, and J. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 36, 2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kondo, K. Nouchi, T. Mitsuyu, M. Watanabe, P. G. Kazansky, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 646 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Hosono, M. Mizuguchi, L. Skuja, and T. Ogawa, Opt. Lett. 24, 1549 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. M. Vengsakar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. Nishii, N. Kitamura, H. Yamanaka, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, Opt. Lett. 20, 1184 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, R. M.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bates, A. K.

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beckley, K.

P. R. Herman and K. Beckley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CTuN3.

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsakar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bloomstein, T. M.

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. P.

P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, P. Corkum, A. Naumov, S. Ng, and J. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4088, 345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, R. Tam, and J. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 36, 2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, P. Corkum, A. Naumov, S. Ng, and J. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4088, 345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Davis, D. D.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengsakar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Glytsis, E. N.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Herman, P. R.

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, R. Tam, and J. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 36, 2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, P. Corkum, A. Naumov, S. Ng, and J. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4088, 345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Herman and K. Beckley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CTuN3.

Hill, K. O.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Hosono, H.

Johnson, D. C.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsakar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kawazoe, H.

Kazansky, P. G.

Kitamura, N.

Kondo, Y.

Kosinski, S. G.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsakar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liberman, V.

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mettler, S. C.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

Mizrahi, V.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mizuguchi, M.

Naumov, A.

P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, P. Corkum, A. Naumov, S. Ng, and J. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4088, 345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ng, S.

P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, P. Corkum, A. Naumov, S. Ng, and J. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4088, 345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

Nouchi, K.

Ogawa, T.

Orvek, K.

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rothschild, M.

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sedlacek, J. H. C.

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsakar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Skuja, L.

Tam, R.

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, R. Tam, and J. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 36, 2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Uttaro, R. S.

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Van Peski, C.

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vengsakar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsakar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

Yamanaka, H.

Zhang, J.

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, R. Tam, and J. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 36, 2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, P. Corkum, A. Naumov, S. Ng, and J. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4088, 345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, R. Tam, and J. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 36, 2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. M. Vengsakar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B

V. Liberman, T. M. Bloomstein, M. Rothschild, J. H. C. Sedlacek, R. S. Uttaro, A. K. Bates, C. Van Peski, and K. Orvek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 17, 3273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, P. Corkum, A. Naumov, S. Ng, and J. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4088, 345 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. R. Herman and K. Beckley, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CTuN3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Normalized transmission spectrum of a 20-mm-long LPFG fabricated in untreated SMF-28 fiber with 157-nm F2-laser radiation. The single-pulse and total accumulated fluence were 2.7 mJ/cm2 and 2.7 kJ/cm2, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Center wavelength and (b) transmission loss of the strongest LPFG resonance peak as a function of the accumulated F2-laser fluence. The single-pulse fluence was 2.7 mJ/cm2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra of the LPFG resonance peak at the point of maximum attenuation: single-pulse fluences of 2.7 and 43 mJ/cm2 are shown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

7-nm wavelength shift of a LPFG attenuation peak following 24-h annealing at 150 °C. The LPFG was formed with a single-pulse fluence of 2.4mJ/cm2 and a 1.9kJ/cm2 total dose.

Metrics