Abstract

Propagation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) excited in the wavelength range 720–830  nm at a corrugated gold-film surface with areas of 150-nm-wide and 45-nm-high scatterers arranged in a 380-nm-period triangular lattice containing line defects is investigated by use of near-field optical microscopy. We demonstrate that the SPP at 740–750  nm propagates along 2.2μm-wide and 16μm-long line defects with 50% loss, whereas its propagation along narrower line defects is strongly damped and in periodically corrugated areas is inhibited. We observe significant deterioration of these effects for both longer and shorter wavelengths and conclude that the SPP guiding occurs as a result of the SPP bandgap effect in the structures.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  2. B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. I. I. Smolyaninov, D. L. Mazzoni, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3877 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. R. Krenn, R. Wolf, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Opt. Commun. 137, 46 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. I. Bozhevolnyi and V. Coello, Phys. Rev. B 58, 10899 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, J. M. Freyland, H.-J. Güntherodt, and D. W. Pohl, J. Microscopy 194, 571 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. F. Krauss and R. M. De La Rue, Prog. Quantum Electron. 23, 51 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).
  10. DualScope, Danish Micro Engineering, Herlev, Denmark.
  11. R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, E. Berolo, and E. Lisicka-Shrzek, Opt. Lett. 25, 844 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, J. M. Freyland, H.-J. Güntherodt, and D. W. Pohl, J. Microscopy 194, 571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Krauss and R. M. De La Rue, Prog. Quantum Electron. 23, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and V. Coello, Phys. Rev. B 58, 10899 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

J. R. Krenn, R. Wolf, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Opt. Commun. 137, 46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. I. Smolyaninov, D. L. Mazzoni, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3877 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

J. R. Krenn, R. Wolf, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Opt. Commun. 137, 46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

Berolo, E.

Bielefeldt, H.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouhelier, A.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, J. M. Freyland, H.-J. Güntherodt, and D. W. Pohl, J. Microscopy 194, 571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and V. Coello, Phys. Rev. B 58, 10899 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Charbonneau, R.

Coello, V.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and V. Coello, Phys. Rev. B 58, 10899 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. C.

I. I. Smolyaninov, D. L. Mazzoni, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3877 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De La Rue, R. M.

T. F. Krauss and R. M. De La Rue, Prog. Quantum Electron. 23, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Freyland, J. M.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, J. M. Freyland, H.-J. Güntherodt, and D. W. Pohl, J. Microscopy 194, 571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Güntherodt, H.-J.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, J. M. Freyland, H.-J. Güntherodt, and D. W. Pohl, J. Microscopy 194, 571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huser, Th.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, J. M. Freyland, H.-J. Güntherodt, and D. W. Pohl, J. Microscopy 194, 571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, Y.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Kitson, S. C.

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

T. F. Krauss and R. M. De La Rue, Prog. Quantum Electron. 23, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

J. R. Krenn, R. Wolf, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Opt. Commun. 137, 46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

J. R. Krenn, R. Wolf, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Opt. Commun. 137, 46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lisicka-Shrzek, E.

Mazzoni, D. L.

I. I. Smolyaninov, D. L. Mazzoni, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3877 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meade, R. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Novotny, L.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pohl, D. W.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, J. M. Freyland, H.-J. Güntherodt, and D. W. Pohl, J. Microscopy 194, 571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

Sambles, J. R.

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

I. I. Smolyaninov, D. L. Mazzoni, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3877 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winn, J. N.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Wolf, R.

J. R. Krenn, R. Wolf, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Opt. Commun. 137, 46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Microscopy (1)

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, J. M. Freyland, H.-J. Güntherodt, and D. W. Pohl, J. Microscopy 194, 571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. R. Krenn, R. Wolf, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Opt. Commun. 137, 46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and V. Coello, Phys. Rev. B 58, 10899 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. I. Smolyaninov, D. L. Mazzoni, and C. C. Davis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3877 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. F. Krauss and R. M. De La Rue, Prog. Quantum Electron. 23, 51 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

DualScope, Danish Micro Engineering, Herlev, Denmark.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scanning electron microscope pictures of the investigated 380-nm-period structures with line defects of different widths having a, ΓK and b, ΓM orientations, along with c, d, close ups demonstrating the fabrication quality.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a, Gray-scale topographical and near-field optical images 24 μm×24 μm taken at b, λ740; c, λ795; d, λ825 nm. The fabricated surface structure is shown in Fig.  1a. The depth of the topographical image is 114  nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a, Gray-color scale topographical and near-field optical images 24 μm×24 μm taken at b, λ750; c, λ725; d, λ775 nm. The fabricated surface structure is shown in Fig.  1b. The depth of the topographical image is 337  nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cross sections of the optical image shown in Fig.  2b made at different distances from the entrance side of the SPPBG structure shown in Fig.  1a.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross sections of the optical image shown in Fig.  3b at different distances from the entrance side of the SPPBG structure shown in Fig.  1b.

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