Abstract

We demonstrate efficient four-wave mixing in low-pressure molecular deuterium without the need for phase matching. We use two laser fields with opposite circular polarizations to produce a strong excitation of a rovibrational transition at a frequency of 3167 cm-1. The coherent molecular motion, in turn, modulates a third laser field (also circularly polarized) and results in highly efficient single-sideband conversion.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  2. M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering was used to observe coherent molecular vibrations in the time domain and light modulation by molecular motion was demonstrated by S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Efficient laser-frequency modulation by impulsively excited vibrations of SF6 in hollow fibers was demonstrated by A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Let. 85, 562 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).
  11. In a similar experiment, efficient replication of a broadband signal in a different spectral region was demonstrated by J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 2474 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. The dependence of Raman gain on light polarization, phase mismatch, and frequency offset was derived by R. Holmes and A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 37, 1588 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Efficient excitation of high-J molecular states by an optical centrifuge was demonstrated by D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J.-L. Oudar and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 22, 1141 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 337 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. Frey, F. Pradere, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 18, 2045 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. M. T. Loy, P. P. Sorokin, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 415 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Laubereau, G. Wochner, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2212 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Lukasik, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 22, 355 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. P. Sorokin, J. J. Wyne, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 342 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. S. Bethune, J. R. Lankard, and P. P. Sorokin, Opt. Lett. 4, 103 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Let. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef]

In a similar experiment, efficient replication of a broadband signal in a different spectral region was demonstrated by J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Efficient excitation of high-J molecular states by an optical centrifuge was demonstrated by D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

Efficient laser-frequency modulation by impulsively excited vibrations of SF6 in hollow fibers was demonstrated by A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (2)

The dependence of Raman gain on light polarization, phase mismatch, and frequency offset was derived by R. Holmes and A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 37, 1588 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering was used to observe coherent molecular vibrations in the time domain and light modulation by molecular motion was demonstrated by S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

J.-L. Oudar and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 22, 1141 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1977 (2)

R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Lukasik, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 22, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

M. M. T. Loy, P. P. Sorokin, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 415 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (2)

A. Laubereau, G. Wochner, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2212 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. Frey, F. Pradere, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 18, 2045 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 337 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

P. P. Sorokin, J. J. Wyne, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 342 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Aseyev, S. A.

Efficient excitation of high-J molecular states by an optical centrifuge was demonstrated by D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Begley, R. F.

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 337 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bethune, D. S.

Byer, R. L.

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 337 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

Efficient excitation of high-J molecular states by an optical centrifuge was demonstrated by D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dietrich, P.

Efficient excitation of high-J molecular states by an optical centrifuge was demonstrated by D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ducuing, J.

R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Lukasik, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 22, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. Frey, F. Pradere, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 18, 2045 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

Efficient laser-frequency modulation by impulsively excited vibrations of SF6 in hollow fibers was demonstrated by A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Flusberg, A.

The dependence of Raman gain on light polarization, phase mismatch, and frequency offset was derived by R. Holmes and A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 37, 1588 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frey, R.

R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Lukasik, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 22, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. Frey, F. Pradere, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 18, 2045 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, K.

In a similar experiment, efficient replication of a broadband signal in a different spectral region was demonstrated by J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Let. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Harvey, A. B.

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 337 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, R.

The dependence of Raman gain on light polarization, phase mismatch, and frequency offset was derived by R. Holmes and A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 37, 1588 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

Efficient excitation of high-J molecular states by an optical centrifuge was demonstrated by D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, M.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joly, A. G.

Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering was used to observe coherent molecular vibrations in the time domain and light modulation by molecular motion was demonstrated by S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

A. Laubereau, G. Wochner, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2212 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Katsuragawa, M.

In a similar experiment, efficient replication of a broadband signal in a different spectral region was demonstrated by J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

Efficient laser-frequency modulation by impulsively excited vibrations of SF6 in hollow fibers was demonstrated by A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lankard, J. R.

D. S. Bethune, J. R. Lankard, and P. P. Sorokin, Opt. Lett. 4, 103 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. T. Loy, P. P. Sorokin, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 415 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Sorokin, J. J. Wyne, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 342 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

A. Laubereau, G. Wochner, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2212 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Le Kien, F.

In a similar experiment, efficient replication of a broadband signal in a different spectral region was demonstrated by J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, J. Q.

In a similar experiment, efficient replication of a broadband signal in a different spectral region was demonstrated by J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loy, M. M. T.

M. M. T. Loy, P. P. Sorokin, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 415 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lukasik, J.

R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Lukasik, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 22, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Manuszak, D.

Merriam, A. J.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nazarkin, A.

Efficient laser-frequency modulation by impulsively excited vibrations of SF6 in hollow fibers was demonstrated by A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering was used to observe coherent molecular vibrations in the time domain and light modulation by molecular motion was demonstrated by S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Oudar, J.-L.

J.-L. Oudar and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 22, 1141 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pradere, F.

R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Lukasik, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 22, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. Frey, F. Pradere, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 18, 2045 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ruhman, S.

Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering was used to observe coherent molecular vibrations in the time domain and light modulation by molecular motion was demonstrated by S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sharpe, S. J.

Shen, Y. R.

J.-L. Oudar and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 22, 1141 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Sokolov, A. V.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Let. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Sorokin, P. P.

D. S. Bethune, J. R. Lankard, and P. P. Sorokin, Opt. Lett. 4, 103 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. T. Loy, P. P. Sorokin, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 415 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Sorokin, J. J. Wyne, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 342 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Spanner, M.

Efficient excitation of high-J molecular states by an optical centrifuge was demonstrated by D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

Efficient excitation of high-J molecular states by an optical centrifuge was demonstrated by D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, D. R.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Let. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Wittman, M.

Efficient laser-frequency modulation by impulsively excited vibrations of SF6 in hollow fibers was demonstrated by A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wochner, G.

A. Laubereau, G. Wochner, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2212 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wyne, J. J.

P. P. Sorokin, J. J. Wyne, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 342 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yavuz, D. D.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Let. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Yin, G. Y.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Let. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, H. Xia, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 24, 625 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 337 (1974).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Sorokin, J. J. Wyne, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 342 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. M. T. Loy, P. P. Sorokin, and J. R. Lankard, Appl. Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 415 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering was used to observe coherent molecular vibrations in the time domain and light modulation by molecular motion was demonstrated by S. Ruhman, A. G. Joly, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 24, 460 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. Frey, F. Pradere, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 18, 2045 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Lukasik, and J. Ducuing, Opt. Commun. 22, 355 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. A 55, R4019 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Oudar and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 22, 1141 (1980).
[CrossRef]

The dependence of Raman gain on light polarization, phase mismatch, and frequency offset was derived by R. Holmes and A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 37, 1588 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Laubereau, G. Wochner, and W. Kaiser, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2212 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Let. (1)

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Let. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

In a similar experiment, efficient replication of a broadband signal in a different spectral region was demonstrated by J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. Le Kien, and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. Lett 85, 2474 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

Efficient excitation of high-J molecular states by an optical centrifuge was demonstrated by D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Efficient laser-frequency modulation by impulsively excited vibrations of SF6 in hollow fibers was demonstrated by A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittman, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup and energy-level diagram for frequency conversion in D2. We use two laser fields (1.06 μm and 796  nm), with opposite circular polarizations, to produce rovibrational excitation, which converts a third field (532  nm) into a single sideband (455  nm).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tuning characteristics of the molecular frequency converter: (a) pulse energy, generated at 455  nm, (b) pulse energy in the 532-nm pump field. The energy-conversion efficiency is 15.4%, and, within error bars, the pump depletion is equal to the generated energy.

Metrics