Abstract

We report a 30% internal conversion efficiency for the first Stokes pulse in stimulated Raman scattering of femtosecond pulses that are dispersively stretched to 250  ps, obtained by use of an all-solid-state laser system. A transfer of the linear chirp is observed, leading to a Raman pulse duration of 190  fs after recompression. Compressed pulse energies of 80 μJ at a repetition rate of 1  kHz are obtained, with a potential for an easy increase to more than 150 μJ. The temporal and spectral characteristics of the Raman and pump pulses are calculated, and the results explain the observed transient features in the presence of chirp.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Blombergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, and E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and P. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 307 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Kulkov, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, and V. E. Yakobson, Opt. Mater. 11, 315 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027 (1986)Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 1572 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. I. Losev and V. I. Soskov, Opt. Commun. 135, 71 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and P. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Kulkov, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, and V. E. Yakobson, Opt. Mater. 11, 315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

L. I. Losev and V. I. Soskov, Opt. Commun. 135, 71 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, and E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986

S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027 (1986)Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 1572 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1978

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1970

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Blombergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and P. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Kulkov, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, and V. E. Yakobson, Opt. Mater. 11, 315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blombergen, N.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Blombergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bouvier, M.

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Canto-Said, E. J.

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, and E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Carman, R. L.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Blombergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ivleva, L. I.

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and P. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, C.

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, and E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Karpukhin, S. N.

S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027 (1986)Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 1572 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kulkov, A. M.

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Kulkov, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, and V. E. Yakobson, Opt. Mater. 11, 315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Losev, L. I.

L. I. Losev and V. I. Soskov, Opt. Commun. 135, 71 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Marowsky, G.

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, and E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V. V.

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Kulkov, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, and V. E. Yakobson, Opt. Mater. 11, 315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and P. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Powell, P. C.

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and P. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shcheslavskiy, V.

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, F.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Blombergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sobol, A. A.

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and P. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Soskov, V. I.

L. I. Losev and V. I. Soskov, Opt. Commun. 135, 71 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stankov, K. A.

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, and E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. I.

S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027 (1986)Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 1572 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Voitsekhovskii, V. N.

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Kulkov, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, and V. E. Yakobson, Opt. Mater. 11, 315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. S.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Blombergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Yakobson, V. E.

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Kulkov, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, and V. E. Yakobson, Opt. Mater. 11, 315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zverev, P. G.

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Kulkov, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, and V. E. Yakobson, Opt. Mater. 11, 315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and P. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

C. Jordan, K. A. Stankov, G. Marowsky, and E. J. Canto-Said, Appl. Phys. B 59, 471 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

V. Shcheslavskiy, N. Zhavoronkov, V. Petrov, F. Noack, and M. Bouvier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

L. I. Losev and V. I. Soskov, Opt. Commun. 135, 71 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater.

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and P. C. Powell, Opt. Mater. 11, 307 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Zverev, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Kulkov, V. N. Voitsekhovskii, and V. E. Yakobson, Opt. Mater. 11, 315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Blombergen, Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

S. N. Karpukhin and A. I. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1027 (1986)Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 1572 (1986).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spatial intensity distribution of the central spot of the first Stokes pulse as recorded by a beam profiler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse shapes: a, initial pump pulses; b, c, and d, first Stokes pulses for incident peak axial pump intensities of 820 MW/cm2, 940 MW/cm2, and 1.1 GW/cm2, respectively, with maxima at 851, 852, and 853  nm, respectively. d, the solid curve is extended with the spectrum of the depleted pump pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Streak camera recordings of spectrally resolved intensity profiles of (a) the pump and (b) the first Stokes pulses, demonstrating linear chirp transfer. Both pictures cover 774  ps horizontally.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Intensity profiles of the initial pump pulse used in the simulation (dotted curve), the depleted pump (solid curve), and the generated 1st Stokes (dashed curve) after a distance of 4.7  cm. (b) Spectral distribution of the pump and Raman pulses (solid curves) and the corresponding phase delay (dashed curves). (c) Evolution of the energies in the case of chirped (solid curves) and unchirped (dashed curves) initial pump pulses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation trace of the Raman pulse at 860  nm (squares) recorded for a peak axial pump intensity of 1.2 GW/cm2 and Lorentzian fit (curve).

Equations (1)

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AP/ζ=-iγPASQ,AS/ζ+ΔSPAS/η=-iγSAPQ*,Q/η+Q/T2=-iγQAPAS*.

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