Abstract

We have achieved 150  mW of cw output at 4.3 μm, using difference frequency mixing in a singly resonant optical parametric oscillator (OPO). We pumped the OPO cavity, which contains periodically poled LiNbO3 (PPLN), with a 14-W 1.06μm Nd:YAG laser to generate a signal at 1.7 μm and an idler at 2.8 μm. Mixing of the two waves at the same crystal temperature and grating spacing yielded emission in the mid IR. This technique avoids the mid-IR absorption–high-threshold problem, which has limited the cw performance of PPLN OPO’s at wavelengths beyond 4 μm. Provided that tunability is not required, this method is a simple alternative to multiple-crystal configurations.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, A. Tredicucci, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, Opt. Lett. 25, 230 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 21, 1336 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. E. Powers, T. J. Kulp, and S. E. Bisson, Opt. Lett. 23, 159 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Lett. 23, 1895 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Chen, D. Hinkley, J. Pyo, J. Swenson, and R. Fields, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1693 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 591 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Brown, A. J. W. Brown, C. Miyake, F. Futtere, and D. Smith, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol.  26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 554.
  10. D. D. Lowenthal, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1356 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. H. Jundt, Opt. Lett. 22, 1553 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (2)

R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, A. Tredicucci, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, Opt. Lett. 25, 230 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

1984 (1)

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, J. I.

Baillargeon, J. N.

Bisson, S. E.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Brown, A. J. W.

M. Brown, A. J. W. Brown, C. Miyake, F. Futtere, and D. Smith, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol.  26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 554.

Brown, M.

M. Brown, A. J. W. Brown, C. Miyake, F. Futtere, and D. Smith, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol.  26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 554.

Byer, R. L.

Capasso, F.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, A. Tredicucci, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, Opt. Lett. 25, 230 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Cho, A. Y.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, A. Tredicucci, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, Opt. Lett. 25, 230 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

Eckardt, R. C.

Edwards, G. J.

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fields, R.

Futtere, F.

M. Brown, A. J. W. Brown, C. Miyake, F. Futtere, and D. Smith, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol.  26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 554.

George Chu, S. N.

R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gmachl, C.

R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, A. Tredicucci, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, Opt. Lett. 25, 230 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hinkley, D.

Hutchinson, A. L.

Jundt, D. H.

Kohler, R.

R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kulp, T. J.

Lawrence, M.

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lowenthal, D. D.

D. D. Lowenthal, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1356 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miyake, C.

M. Brown, A. J. W. Brown, C. Miyake, F. Futtere, and D. Smith, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol.  26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 554.

Myers, L. E.

Pierce, J. W.

Powers, P. E.

Pyo, J.

Sivco, D. L.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, A. Tredicucci, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, Opt. Lett. 25, 230 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D.

M. Brown, A. J. W. Brown, C. Miyake, F. Futtere, and D. Smith, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol.  26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 554.

Stothard, D. J. M.

Swenson, J.

Tredicucci, A.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, A. Tredicucci, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, Opt. Lett. 25, 230 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Kohler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. George Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. D. Lowenthal, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1356 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Brown, A. J. W. Brown, C. Miyake, F. Futtere, and D. Smith, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol.  26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 554.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical layout for the PPLN OPO–DFG experiment. SRO, singly resonant optical. See text for other definitions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Required DFG grating period for phase matching of the signal and the idler from a 30.34μm PPLN OPO as a function of crystal temperature. The solid curve was calculated from the Sellmeier equation in Ref.  11, and the dashed curve was derived with the Eq.  from Ref.  12. The dotted line denotes the actual grating period of the crystal. The solid oval shows the temperature at which simultaneous optical parametric oscillation and DFG phase matching was achieved.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

DFG output power versus Nd:YAG pump power for a single-period 30.5μm PPLN crystal.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of the Experimental Data and Predictions (Temperatures and Wavelengths) for Simultaneous Phase-Matched Optical Parametric Oscillation and DFG at Three Different PPLN Grating Periods

Metrics