Abstract

We report the use of the organic crystal DAST as a freely propagating electromagnetic-wave sensor at terahertz (THz) frequency. We also report the result of using a DAST crystal as a mid-IR THz emitter. Compared with the optical rectification from our best ZnTe emitter, that obtained by use of DAST demonstrates a sixfold enhancement of radiation at 7–20 THz.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Kawase, M. Mizuno, S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, Y. Urata, S. Wada, H. Tashiro, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 24, 1065 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Pan, K. McCallion, and M. Chiapetta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 492 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Chem. Phys. 245, 359 (1999).
  6. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. R. Keiding, Department of Chemistry, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark (personal communication, September15, 1999).
  11. T. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Ronne, L. Thrane, P. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319 (1997).
  13. D. M. Mittleman, S. Hunsche, L. Boivin, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Lett. 22, 904 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. Y. Han, G. C. Cho, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 89 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, “THz wave sensors and applications,” submitted to International Conference on Organic Nonlinear Optics 5.
  16. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (4)

F. Pan, K. McCallion, and M. Chiapetta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Chem. Phys. 245, 359 (1999).

P. Y. Han, G. C. Cho, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 89 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Mizuno, S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, Y. Urata, S. Wada, H. Tashiro, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 24, 1065 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

C. Ronne, L. Thrane, P. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319 (1997).

D. M. Mittleman, S. Hunsche, L. Boivin, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Lett. 22, 904 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (4)

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Astrand, P.

C. Ronne, L. Thrane, P. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319 (1997).

Boden, E. P.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Boivin, L.

Bosshard, Ch.

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chiapetta, M.

F. Pan, K. McCallion, and M. Chiapetta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cho, G. C.

P. Y. Han, G. C. Cho, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 89 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Follonier, S.

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

T. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Han, P. Y.

P. Y. Han, G. C. Cho, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 89 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, “THz wave sensors and applications,” submitted to International Conference on Organic Nonlinear Optics 5.

Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Helm, H.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hunsche, S.

Ito, H.

Jeon, T.

T. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, P. U.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kawase, K.

Keiding, S. R.

C. Ronne, L. Thrane, P. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319 (1997).

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Keiding, Department of Chemistry, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark (personal communication, September15, 1999).

Knopfle, G.

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T.-M.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. F.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McCallion, K.

F. Pan, K. McCallion, and M. Chiapetta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, K.

C. Ronne, L. Thrane, P. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319 (1997).

Mittleman, D. M.

Mizuno, M.

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

Pan, F.

F. Pan, K. McCallion, and M. Chiapetta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, “THz wave sensors and applications,” submitted to International Conference on Organic Nonlinear Optics 5.

Phelps, P. D.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ronne, C.

C. Ronne, L. Thrane, P. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319 (1997).

Schall, M.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schyja, V.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sohma, S.

Spreiter, R.

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, K. R.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Tani, M.

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, “THz wave sensors and applications,” submitted to International Conference on Organic Nonlinear Optics 5.

Taniuchi, T.

Tashiro, H.

Thrane, L.

C. Ronne, L. Thrane, P. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319 (1997).

Urata, Y.

Wada, S.

Wallqvist, A.

C. Ronne, L. Thrane, P. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319 (1997).

Weling, A. S.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Winnewisser, C.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wong, M. S.

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yakymyshyn, C. P.

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

P. Y. Han, G. C. Cho, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 89 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, “THz wave sensors and applications,” submitted to International Conference on Organic Nonlinear Optics 5.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

F. Pan, G. Knopfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X.-C. Zhang, X. F. Ma, Y. Jin, T.-M. Lu, E. P. Boden, P. D. Phelps, K. R. Stewart, and C. P. Yakymyshyn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3080 (1992); T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 121 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Pan, K. McCallion, and M. Chiapetta, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Jeon and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3032 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Chem. Phys. 245, 359 (1999).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

C. Ronne, L. Thrane, P. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319 (1997).

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

P. Y. Han, G. C. Cho, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 89 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. R. Keiding, Department of Chemistry, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark (personal communication, September15, 1999).

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, F. Pan, and X.-C. Zhang, “THz wave sensors and applications,” submitted to International Conference on Organic Nonlinear Optics 5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Coherence length of the DAST crystal when both a THz pulse and an optical pulse have the same polarization in the a and b axes. The optical wavelength is assumed to be 800 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup: QW, quarter-wave plate; WP, Wollaston prism; BS, 50–50 optical beam splitter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

THz waveforms obtained with DAST and ZnTe as electro-optic sensors. Inset, the corresponding spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental mid-IR pulse from a 100µm DAST emitter, showing a sixfold increase compared with a 30µm ZnTe sample. Inset, pulse spectra.

Equations (1)

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ΔI/I0=ΔΓ=0.5πETHzna3r11-nb3r21L/λ,

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