Abstract

We demonstrate a simple scheme for capturing the temporal waveforms of a freely propagating terahertz electromagnetic transient in a single shot. The method relies on electro-optic sampling in a noncollinear geometry for the terahertz radiation and the visible probe beam, coupled with multichannel detection. The approach provides time resolution that is comparable to that of conventional electro-optic sampling measurements.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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1999

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1026 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995); A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996); P. Uhd Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schya, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, 3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1986

J. A. Valdmanis and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bakker, H. J.

Chen, Q.

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Co, G. C.

Gallot, G.

G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Groeneveld, R. H. M.

Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hewitt, T. D.

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1026 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hunsche, S.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1945 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

Leitenstorfer, A.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

J. A. Valdmanis and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shah, J.

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, F. G.

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Valdmanis, J. A.

J. A. Valdmanis and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Weling, A. S.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

H. J. Bakker, G. C. Co, H. Kurz, Q. Wu, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1026 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995); A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996); P. Uhd Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schya, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, 3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Bakker, G. C. Co, H. Kurz, Q. Wu, and X.-C. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1795 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1945 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1026 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995); A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996); P. Uhd Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schya, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, 3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995); A. Nahata, D. H. Auston, T. F. Heinz, and C. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 150 (1996); P. Uhd Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schya, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, 3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, S. Hunsche, J. Shah, M. C. Nuss, and W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1516 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1026 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1945 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, F. G. Sun, Q. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. A. Valdmanis and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 69 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic drawing of the experimental setup used to capture the temporal waveforms of freely propagating THz radiation by multichannel EO sampling.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electric field waveforms for THz pulses generated by optical rectification. The figure shows a single-shot measurement of a THz pulse (top), a THz waveform obtained by averaging of single-shot data (dotted curve, bottom), and a waveform obtained in the conventional fashion with a scanning delay line (solid curve, bottom). The bottom curves both correspond to averaging of 2500 laser pulses for each data point. The total data-collection time of the sampling measurement exceeds that of the multichannel detection by a factor of 200.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

t=x tan θ/c,
Nopt=nTHz cos θi,

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