Abstract

A novel loop configuration for generation of four-wave mixing (FWM) and suppression of input pump wave, signal wave, and amplified spontaneous emission is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The novel loop configuration is very simple and functions independently of the wavelengths of the pump and the signal waves. By use of the novel loop configuration, nonreturn-to-zero wavelength conversion at 10 Gbits/s is achieved. The FWM-to-pump ratio, the FWM-to-signal ratio, and the signal-to-noise ratio are improved by 17.9, 18.8, and 8.2 dB, respectively. A principle experiment of wavelength conversion of four simultaneous channels is demonstrated.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Mori, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Opt. Lett. 20, 1424 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, and M. Aaruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 591 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Leuthold, F. Girardin, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, G. Guekos, and H. Melchior, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1569 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication, (ECOC’97) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper TH3A-1.

1998 (1)

J. Leuthold, F. Girardin, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, G. Guekos, and H. Melchior, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. Mori, K. Uchiyama, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 32, 2171 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

K. Mori, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Opt. Lett. 20, 1424 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Inoue, T. Hasegawa, and H. Toba, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 327 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, and M. Aaruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 591 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Aaruwatari, M.

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, and M. Aaruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 591 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Besse, P. A.

J. Leuthold, F. Girardin, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, G. Guekos, and H. Melchior, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gamper, E.

J. Leuthold, F. Girardin, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, G. Guekos, and H. Melchior, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Girardin, F.

J. Leuthold, F. Girardin, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, G. Guekos, and H. Melchior, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

J. Leuthold, F. Girardin, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, G. Guekos, and H. Melchior, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

K. Inoue, T. Hasegawa, and H. Toba, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 327 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, T. Hasegawa, and H. Toba, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 327 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, G.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication, (ECOC’97) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper TH3A-1.

Kawanishi, S.

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, and M. Aaruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 591 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, F. Girardin, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, G. Guekos, and H. Melchior, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

J. Leuthold, F. Girardin, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, G. Guekos, and H. Melchior, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mori, K.

K. Mori, K. Uchiyama, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 32, 2171 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Mori, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Opt. Lett. 20, 1424 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morioka, T.

K. Mori, K. Uchiyama, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 32, 2171 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Mori, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Opt. Lett. 20, 1424 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, and M. Aaruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 591 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, J. G.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication, (ECOC’97) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper TH3A-1.

Ooi, H.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication, (ECOC’97) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper TH3A-1.

Saruwatari, M.

K. Mori, K. Uchiyama, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 32, 2171 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Mori, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Opt. Lett. 20, 1424 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sonne, C.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication, (ECOC’97) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper TH3A-1.

Takara, H.

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, and M. Aaruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 591 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, S.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication, (ECOC’97) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper TH3A-1.

Toba, H.

K. Inoue, T. Hasegawa, and H. Toba, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 327 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Uchiyama, K.

K. Mori, K. Uchiyama, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 32, 2171 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, and M. Aaruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 591 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication, (ECOC’97) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper TH3A-1.

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Mori, K. Uchiyama, T. Morioka, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 32, 2171 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, and M. Aaruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 591 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Inoue, T. Hasegawa, and H. Toba, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 327 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, F. Girardin, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, G. Guekos, and H. Melchior, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1569 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, G. Ishikawa, H. Ooi, J. G. Nielsen, and C. Sonne, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication, (ECOC’97) (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1997), paper TH3A-1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Conventional and (b) loop configurations for FWM generation in DSF’s.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectra (resolution, 0.1 nm). (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv) refer to the points shown in Fig. 1. (a) Conventional configuration, (b) loop configuration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Bit-error rate (BER) versus received power for the original signal (back-to-back) and the FWM wave.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectra for wavelength conversion of four simultaneous channels (resolution, 0.1 nm). (a) Conventional configuration. The solid and the dashed–dotted curves show the optical spectra before and after the DSF, respectively. (b) Loop configuration.

Equations (6)

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Ef3=-iη/8Ep2Es*/r,
Ef4=η/8Ep/r2Es*/r,
P1=Ef12=Ef3-iEf422=η16Pp2Psr1+1r2,
P2=Ef22=Ef4-iEf322=η16Pp2Psr1-1r2.
P3=η/8Pp2Ps.
P2/P3=12r1-1r2.

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