Abstract

We report a steady-state Raman gain measurement of the Q10 transition v=10,J=00 in solid parahydrogen. We carry out measurements by pumping with a continuous-wave frequency-doubled YAG laser at 532 nm and observing the direct amplification of a probe-laser beam for the first Stokes transition at 683 nm. A large single-pass amplification coefficient of 2.3±0.2 is obtained at a pump intensity of 46 kW/cm2, with an interaction length of 1 cm, giving a steady-state Raman gain coefficient of 18±3 cm/MW.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. P. Weliky, T. J. Byers, K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, R. M. Dickson, and T. Oka, Appl. Phys. B 59, 265 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Hakuta, M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, and J. Z. Li, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 209 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, C. M. Gabrys, and T. Oka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3957 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. S. Bhatnagar, E. L. Allin, and H. L. Wesh, Can. J. Mol. Phys. 40, 9 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. K. Bischel and M. J. Dyer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 677 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 453–473.
  9. W. Kolos and L. Wolniewicz, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 1426 (1967).
  10. D. M. Golden and B. Crawford, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1654 (1962).
  11. J. K. Brasseur, K. S. Repasky, and J. L. Carlsten, Opt. Lett. 23, 367 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (2)

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Brasseur, K. S. Repasky, and J. L. Carlsten, Opt. Lett. 23, 367 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. Hakuta, M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, and J. Z. Li, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 209 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

D. P. Weliky, T. J. Byers, K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, R. M. Dickson, and T. Oka, Appl. Phys. B 59, 265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, C. M. Gabrys, and T. Oka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3957 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1967 (1)

W. Kolos and L. Wolniewicz, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 1426 (1967).

1962 (2)

D. M. Golden and B. Crawford, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1654 (1962).

S. S. Bhatnagar, E. L. Allin, and H. L. Wesh, Can. J. Mol. Phys. 40, 9 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Allin, E. L.

S. S. Bhatnagar, E. L. Allin, and H. L. Wesh, Can. J. Mol. Phys. 40, 9 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bhatnagar, S. S.

S. S. Bhatnagar, E. L. Allin, and H. L. Wesh, Can. J. Mol. Phys. 40, 9 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bischel, W. K.

Brasseur, J. K.

Byers, T. J.

D. P. Weliky, T. J. Byers, K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, R. M. Dickson, and T. Oka, Appl. Phys. B 59, 265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Carlsten, J. L.

Crawford, B.

D. M. Golden and B. Crawford, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1654 (1962).

Dickson, R. M.

D. P. Weliky, T. J. Byers, K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, R. M. Dickson, and T. Oka, Appl. Phys. B 59, 265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dyer, M. J.

Gabrys, C. M.

K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, C. M. Gabrys, and T. Oka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3957 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golden, D. M.

D. M. Golden and B. Crawford, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1654 (1962).

Hakuta, K.

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Hakuta, M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, and J. Z. Li, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 209 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Katsuragawa, M.

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Hakuta, M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, and J. Z. Li, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 209 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kerr, K. E.

D. P. Weliky, T. J. Byers, K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, R. M. Dickson, and T. Oka, Appl. Phys. B 59, 265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, C. M. Gabrys, and T. Oka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3957 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolos, W.

W. Kolos and L. Wolniewicz, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 1426 (1967).

Li, J. Z.

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Hakuta, M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, and J. Z. Li, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 209 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Momose, T.

D. P. Weliky, T. J. Byers, K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, R. M. Dickson, and T. Oka, Appl. Phys. B 59, 265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, C. M. Gabrys, and T. Oka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3957 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Oka, T.

D. P. Weliky, T. J. Byers, K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, R. M. Dickson, and T. Oka, Appl. Phys. B 59, 265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, C. M. Gabrys, and T. Oka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3957 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Repasky, K. S.

Sihombing, R. S. D.

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Hakuta, M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, and J. Z. Li, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 209 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weliky, D. P.

D. P. Weliky, T. J. Byers, K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, R. M. Dickson, and T. Oka, Appl. Phys. B 59, 265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, C. M. Gabrys, and T. Oka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3957 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wesh, H. L.

S. S. Bhatnagar, E. L. Allin, and H. L. Wesh, Can. J. Mol. Phys. 40, 9 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Wolniewicz, L.

W. Kolos and L. Wolniewicz, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 1426 (1967).

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 453–473.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. P. Weliky, T. J. Byers, K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, R. M. Dickson, and T. Oka, Appl. Phys. B 59, 265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Mol. Phys. (1)

S. S. Bhatnagar, E. L. Allin, and H. L. Wesh, Can. J. Mol. Phys. 40, 9 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

W. Kolos and L. Wolniewicz, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 1426 (1967).

D. M. Golden and B. Crawford, J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1654 (1962).

J. Low Temp. Phys. (1)

M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, R. S. D. Sihombing, J. Z. Li, and K. Hakuta, J. Low Temp. Phys. 111, 463 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, and T. Oka, Mol. Spectrosc. 153, 760 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. E. Kerr, T. Momose, D. P. Weliky, C. M. Gabrys, and T. Oka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3957 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hakuta, M. Suzuki, M. Katsuragawa, and J. Z. Li, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 209 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1988), p. 453–473.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy-level diagram for measurement of the stimulated Raman gain coefficient.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Block diagram of experimental measurement of the steady-state Raman gain coefficient. CW, continuous-wave.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Filled circles, typical observed Raman gain profile. The pump intensity was 41 kW/cm2. The polarizations of the pump and the probe beams were set parallel. Solid curve, fit to a Lorentzian profile.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplification coefficients of probe-laser beams versus pump intensity. Solid curve, best fit of (filled circles) the observed data to an exponential curve.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Q10 Transition Frequencies and Their Linewidths in Solid Parahydrogen

Equations (1)

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GR=16π3Nωsα2/c2hΓ,

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