Abstract

A fiber Bragg grating–(FBG–) based fiber-ring laser that utilizes the transmitted light of the FBG as self-injection feedback for single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) oscillation is proposed and demonstrated. This laser is simply constructed by means of feeding back the transmitted light of the FBG and is coupled into the main ring cavity through an optical coupler. The self-injection feedback is the key to ensuring SLM laser oscillation. The SLM operation principle is discussed in detail, and a SLM laser with output power of 6.6  dBm, an optical signal-to-noise ratio of 57  dB at 1549.19  nm, and a short-term linewidth of 3.5  kHz is reported.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. Zhang and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1256 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

V. Mizrahi, D. J. Digiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2021 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (3)

N. Park, J. W. Dawon, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2639 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613 (1991).
[Crossref]

Atkins, R. M.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. Digiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2021 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ball, G. A.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613 (1991).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. K.

Clements, W. R. L.

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dawon, J. W.

N. Park, J. W. Dawon, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2639 (1991).
[Crossref]

Delavaux, J.-M. P.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. Digiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2021 (1993).
[Crossref]

Digiovanni, D. J.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. Digiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2021 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Glenn, W. H.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613 (1991).
[Crossref]

Grubb, S. G.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. Digiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2021 (1993).
[Crossref]

Harvey, G. T.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Jopson, R. M.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Koren, U.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. C.

Liaw, S. K.

Lit, J. W. Y.

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1256 (1994).
[Crossref]

Miller, C.

N. Park, J. W. Dawon, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2639 (1991).
[Crossref]

Mizrahi, V.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. Digiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2021 (1993).
[Crossref]

Morey, W. W.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613 (1991).
[Crossref]

Park, N.

N. Park, J. W. Dawon, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2639 (1991).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.-K.

V. Mizrahi, D. J. Digiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2021 (1993).
[Crossref]

Piccirilli, A.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Presby, H. M.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Schinn, G. W.

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104 (1996).
[Crossref]

Stone, J.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Stulz, L. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Sulhoff, J. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

N. Park, J. W. Dawon, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2639 (1991).
[Crossref]

Yue, C.-Y.

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1256 (1994).
[Crossref]

Zyskind, J. L.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawon, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2639 (1991).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, Y. Sun, J. Stone, L. W. Stulz, G. T. Harvey, D. J. Digiovanni, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, U. Koren, and R. M. Jopson, Electron. Lett. 27, 2148 (1991).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

V. Mizrahi, D. J. Digiovanni, R. M. Atkins, S. G. Grubb, Y.-K. Park, and J.-M. P. Delavaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2021 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1256 (1994).
[Crossref]

T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

FBG-based fiber-ring laser with self-injection feedback for SLM operation: proposed configuration and experimental setup. OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity transmissivity T of the FBG with transmitted light feedback versus detuning -Δf for different optical attenuator losses ILVOA. Inset, measured optical spectrum of the fiber laser for the same ILVOA values.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated detuning of (solid curve) maximal T and (open circles) measured lasing detuning versus the loss of the optical attenuator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Detected homodyne frequency spectrum of the fiber laser (a) without self-injection feedback operation, (b) with self-injection feedback of L0+L2=100 m and ILVOA=10 dB, and (c) with self-injection feedback of L0+L2=86 m and ILVOA=10 dB. (d) Linewidth of the fiber laser with self-injection feedback of L0+L2=86 m and ILVOA=10 dB, as measured by the delayed self-heterodyne method.

Equations (3)

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βL0+L1+ϕr=2mπ,
βL0+L2+ϕt+π/2=2nπ,
T=IL12IL231-κcρ2+IL12ILPCILVOAκc1-ρ2+2IL122IL23ILPCILVOAκc1-κc1/2ρ1-ρ,

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