Abstract

A low-truncation-error scheme for a step-index profile is applied to analysis of a three-dimensional waveguide with the aid of the alternating-direction implicit method. The propagation constants of a single and a coupled rib waveguide are analyzed by use of the imaginary distance procedure. A fast convergence rate, which is not obtainable with the conventional second-order schemes, is realized, leading to highly accurate evaluation of the coupling length. A reduction in discretization error is also demonstrated in the beam-propagation analysis of a tilted rib-waveguide coupler.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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