Abstract

We demonstrate volume gratings written in solgel-derived, Ge-doped silica monoliths. Glass was fabricated both with and without GeO2-deficient center (GODC) defects. The UV absorption and UV-induced index changes of these glasses, with and without hydrogen loading, are reported. The presence of GODC defects greatly enhances the photosensitivity of Ge-doped silica with and without the presence of hydrogen.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. R. Nagel, J. B. MacChesney, and K. L. Walker, Chap. 1; A. J. Morrow, A. Sarkar, and P. C. Schultz, Chap. 2; N. Niizeki, N. Inagaki, and T. Edahiro, Chap. 3; all in Optical Fiber Communications, T. Li, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985).
  2. J. Nishii, H. Yamanaka, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 282 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. P. Mukherjee and S. K. Sharma, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 71, 317 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Kirkbir and S. Raychaudhuri, “Sol-gel process for forming a germania-doped silica glass rod,” U. S. patent5,254,508 (October19, 1993).
  5. K. Shingyouchi, S. Konishi, K. Susa, and I. Matsuyama, Electron. Lett. 22, 99 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Chiodini, F. Meinardi, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, and R. Scotti, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2429 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Shigemura, Y. Kawamoto, J. Nishii, and M. Takahashi, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3413 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. D. Heaney, T. Erdogan, and N. Borrelli, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 7573 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (3)

N. Chiodini, F. Meinardi, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, and R. Scotti, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2429 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Shigemura, Y. Kawamoto, J. Nishii, and M. Takahashi, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Heaney, T. Erdogan, and N. Borrelli, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 7573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. Nishii, H. Yamanaka, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

K. Shingyouchi, S. Konishi, K. Susa, and I. Matsuyama, Electron. Lett. 22, 99 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. P. Mukherjee and S. K. Sharma, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 71, 317 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N.

A. D. Heaney, T. Erdogan, and N. Borrelli, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 7573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chiodini, N.

N. Chiodini, F. Meinardi, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, and R. Scotti, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2429 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

A. D. Heaney, T. Erdogan, and N. Borrelli, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 7573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heaney, A. D.

A. D. Heaney, T. Erdogan, and N. Borrelli, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 7573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hosono, H.

J. Nishii, H. Yamanaka, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kawamoto, Y.

H. Shigemura, Y. Kawamoto, J. Nishii, and M. Takahashi, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kawazoe, H.

J. Nishii, H. Yamanaka, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kirkbir, F.

F. Kirkbir and S. Raychaudhuri, “Sol-gel process for forming a germania-doped silica glass rod,” U. S. patent5,254,508 (October19, 1993).

Konishi, S.

K. Shingyouchi, S. Konishi, K. Susa, and I. Matsuyama, Electron. Lett. 22, 99 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Matsuyama, I.

K. Shingyouchi, S. Konishi, K. Susa, and I. Matsuyama, Electron. Lett. 22, 99 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Meinardi, F.

N. Chiodini, F. Meinardi, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, and R. Scotti, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2429 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Morazzoni, F.

N. Chiodini, F. Meinardi, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, and R. Scotti, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2429 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, S. P.

S. P. Mukherjee and S. K. Sharma, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 71, 317 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

H. Shigemura, Y. Kawamoto, J. Nishii, and M. Takahashi, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Nishii, H. Yamanaka, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paleari, A.

N. Chiodini, F. Meinardi, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, and R. Scotti, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2429 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Raychaudhuri, S.

F. Kirkbir and S. Raychaudhuri, “Sol-gel process for forming a germania-doped silica glass rod,” U. S. patent5,254,508 (October19, 1993).

Scotti, R.

N. Chiodini, F. Meinardi, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, and R. Scotti, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2429 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, S. K.

S. P. Mukherjee and S. K. Sharma, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 71, 317 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Shigemura, H.

H. Shigemura, Y. Kawamoto, J. Nishii, and M. Takahashi, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shingyouchi, K.

K. Shingyouchi, S. Konishi, K. Susa, and I. Matsuyama, Electron. Lett. 22, 99 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Susa, K.

K. Shingyouchi, S. Konishi, K. Susa, and I. Matsuyama, Electron. Lett. 22, 99 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

H. Shigemura, Y. Kawamoto, J. Nishii, and M. Takahashi, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, H.

J. Nishii, H. Yamanaka, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Nishii, H. Yamanaka, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Shingyouchi, S. Konishi, K. Susa, and I. Matsuyama, Electron. Lett. 22, 99 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

H. Shigemura, Y. Kawamoto, J. Nishii, and M. Takahashi, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3413 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Heaney, T. Erdogan, and N. Borrelli, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 7573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

S. P. Mukherjee and S. K. Sharma, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 71, 317 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

N. Chiodini, F. Meinardi, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, and R. Scotti, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2429 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. Kirkbir and S. Raychaudhuri, “Sol-gel process for forming a germania-doped silica glass rod,” U. S. patent5,254,508 (October19, 1993).

S. R. Nagel, J. B. MacChesney, and K. L. Walker, Chap. 1; A. J. Morrow, A. Sarkar, and P. C. Schultz, Chap. 2; N. Niizeki, N. Inagaki, and T. Edahiro, Chap. 3; all in Optical Fiber Communications, T. Li, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diffraction efficiency of volume gratings written in germanosilicate solgel monoliths. The relatively large absorption of the glass with defects results in a shallower grating, and therefore a broader diffraction curve, than for the glass without defects.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

UV absorption of glass without defects before and after UV exposure: (a) without hydrogen, (b) with hydrogen.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

UV absorption of glass with defects before and after UV exposure: (a) without hydrogen, (b) with hydrogen.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 UV-Induced Index Changes in Solgel-Derived Germanosilicate Monoliths

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