Abstract

Cavity-linewidth narrowing in a ring cavity that is due to the high dispersion and reduced absorption produced by electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in rubidium-atom vapor has been experimentally observed. The cavity linewidth with rubidium atoms under EIT conditions can be significantly narrowed. Cavity-linewidth narrowing was measured as a function of coupling beam power.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997), and referencews therein.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y.-Q. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. S.-Z. Jin, Y.-Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Appl. Opt. 35, 1436 (1996); K. B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, and C. Weiman, Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

1999

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Hehroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Vashchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Truscott, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1438 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997), and referencews therein.
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y.-C. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-Q. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y.-Q. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agarwal, G. S.

W. Harshawardhan and G. S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1812 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boller, K. J.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Budker, D.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Vashchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Hehroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fleishhauer, M.

Friese, M. E. J.

A. G. Truscott, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1438 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fry, E. S.

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gea-Banacloche, J.

M. Xiao, Y.-Q. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y.-C. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Hehroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997), and referencews therein.
[CrossRef]

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harshawardhan, W.

W. Harshawardhan and G. S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1812 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Hehroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heckenberg, N. R.

A. G. Truscott, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1438 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hehroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Hehroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, S.-Z.

S.-Z. Jin, Y.-Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Appl. Opt. 35, 1436 (1996); K. B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, and C. Weiman, Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y.-Q. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y.-C. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kash, M. M.

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, D. F.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Vashchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.-C.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y.-C. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.-Q.

S.-Z. Jin, Y.-Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Appl. Opt. 35, 1436 (1996); K. B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, and C. Weiman, Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y.-Q. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-Q. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleishhauer, M. O. Scully, and V. L. Velichansky, Opt. Lett. 23, 295 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rochester, S. M.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Vashchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y.

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

A. G. Truscott, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1438 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. L.

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleishhauer, M. O. Scully, and V. L. Velichansky, Opt. Lett. 23, 295 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Truscott, A. G.

A. G. Truscott, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1438 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vashchuk, V. V.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Vashchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V. L.

Welch, G. R.

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, M.

S.-Z. Jin, Y.-Q. Li, and M. Xiao, Appl. Opt. 35, 1436 (1996); K. B. MacAdam, A. Steinbach, and C. Weiman, Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Xiao, Y.-Q. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-Q. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y.-C. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Nature

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Hehroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

W. Harshawardhan and G. S. Agarwal, Phys. Rev. A 53, 1812 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y.-C. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, 576 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-Q. Li and M. Xiao, Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Xiao, Y.-Q. Li, S.-Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Truscott, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1438 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Kash, V. L. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Vashchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1767 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997), and referencews therein.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of the three-level Λ-type system in the D1 line of Rb87.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: LD1, LD2, coupling and probe lasers, respectively; PB1–PB5, polarizing cubic beam splitters; λ/2’s, half-wave plates; FR’s, Faraday rotation isolators; FP, Fabry–Perot cavity; D1, D2, detectors; other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity of cavity output versus probe frequency, showing cavity-length narrowing. Note that the intensity scales are different for curves (a) and (b). T=87 C°. (a) No coupling beam Ω2=0; probe frequency well outside the absorption line. (b) With the coupling field on and the probe frequency scanned through the probe transition. Coupling power, 0.81 mW; Δ2=0.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Ratio of EIT-narrowed cavity linewidth Δν to empty-cavity linewidth C as a function of coupling power. Points, experimentally measured with T=87 C° and an intracavity Rabi frequency of Ωp=2π×4.9 MHz. Solid curve, calculated from Eq. (2) with Γ3=2π×3.2 MHz, γ=2π×4.0 MHz, and a coupling beam diameter of 280 µm at the waist. Inset, κ versus coupling power for T=87 C°.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ωr=11+ηωe+η1+ηω21,
ΔωC=1-Rκκ1-R11+η,
χ=icμ212N0π0ωpuez21-erfz,
z=cωpuγ-iΔ1+Ω22/4Γ3-iΔ1-Δ2,

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